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Definition 2022


See also: and

Translingual

Alternative forms

Glyph origin

Ideogrammic compound (會意) :  (sun) +  (three men) – people gathered under the sun.

The top, originally (sun) in oracle script has been modified, in bronze script resembling instead a horizontal eye (early form of ) – reinterpreted as “a crowd under someone’s gaze”, and now resembles .

The bottom, originally three figures (人人人), uses various forms of 人 and 亻, with variation depending on font.

Han character

(radical 109 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田中人人人 (WLOOO), four-corner 27232)

Derived terms

References

  • KangXi: page 807, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23321
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1223, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2917, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+773E

Chinese

trad. /
simp.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuwngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ-s/
English numerous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions

  1. masses, people, multitude, crowd
  2. (literary) many

Japanese

Kanji

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings


Korean

Hanja

(jung) (hangeul , revised jung, McCune-Reischauer chung, Yale cwung)

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Vietnamese

Han character

(chúng)

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