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Definition 2022


-ach

-ach

See also: ach, ACH, and ách

Chuukese

Suffix

-ach

  1. (added to possessive nouns) our (inclusive)

Related terms


Irish

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Irish -ach, from Proto-Celtic *-ākos, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂kos, *-eh₂ḱos, from a-stem suffix *-eh₂- + adjectival suffix *-kos, *-ḱos; compare Welsh -og.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-ach (epicene)

  1. Forms nouns/adjectives from other nouns and adjectives with the sense of ‘person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having’.
    Nouns:
    Éire (Ireland) + -achÉireannach (Irish (person))
    Sasana (England) + -achSasanach (English (person))
    Adjectives:
    bunús (basis) + -achbunúsach (basic)
    fearg (anger) + -achfeargach (angry)
    Also:
    Éireannach (Irish, adjective), Sasanach (English, adjective)

Usage notes

  • Nouns in -ach are first declension (for males) and second declension (for females).
  • Adjectives in -ach are first declension.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Irish_words_suffixed_with_-ach'>Irish words suffixed with -ach</a>

Middle Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *-ox, with the vowel altered by influence from -af.

Suffix

-ach

  1. forms a comparative adjective

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Middle_Welsh_words_suffixed_with_-ach'>Middle Welsh words suffixed with -ach</a>

Old Irish

Etymology 1

From Proto-Celtic *-ākos, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂kos, *-eh₂ḱos, from a-stem suffix *-eh₂- + adjectival suffix *-kos, *-ḱos. Doublet of -óc.

Compare Latin -ācus, -icus.

Suffix

-ach

  1. Forms adjectives meaning "related to, having, characterised by, prone to".
Usage notes

After a palatalised consonant, the suffix becomes -ech.

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants
Derived terms
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Old_Irish_words_suffixed_with_-ach_(adjective)'>Old Irish words suffixed with -ach (adjective)</a>

Etymology 2

Same as the adjective suffix -ach. Originally formed only adjectives, but the suffix was already used in Proto-Celtic to form nouns.

Suffix

-ach ?

  1. Forms nouns meaning "person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having".
Usage notes

After a palatalised consonant, the suffix becomes -ech.

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants
Derived terms
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Old_Irish_words_suffixed_with_-ach_(noun)'>Old Irish words suffixed with -ach (noun)</a>

References

  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §347

Scottish Gaelic

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ax]

Suffix

-ach (plural -aich or -aichean)

  1. Forming nouns from nouns and adjectives with the sense of ‘person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having’.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Scottish_Gaelic_words_suffixed_with_-ach'>Scottish Gaelic words suffixed with -ach</a>

Welsh

Etymology

From Middle Welsh -ach, from Proto-Brythonic *-ox, with the vowel altered by influence from -af.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /aχ/

Suffix

-ach

  1. Forms a comparative of an adjective of one or two syllables.

Usage notes

Triggers fortition on the final consonant of the adjective, changing b/d/g to p/t/c.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Welsh_words_suffixed_with_-ach'>Welsh words suffixed with -ach</a>