ablative absolute (plural ablative absolutes)
- (linguistics) A construction in Latin in which an independent phrase with a noun in the ablative case has a participle, expressed or implied, which agrees with it in gender, number and case – both words forming a clause grammatically unconnected with the rest of the sentence.
Tarquinio regnante, Pythagoras venit.
- (Tarquinius reigning, Pythagoras came. or
- When Tarquinius was king, Pythagoras came.)
- The food being good, they ate well.
linguistic construction in Latin