Definition 2023



See also: careó




  1. I lack



From Proto-Italic *kazēō, maybe from Proto-Indo-European *ḱes- (to cut).



careō (present infinitive carēre, perfect active caruī, supine caritum); second conjugation

  1. I lack, am without.
    Si versus horum duorum poetarum neglegetis, magna parte litterarum carebitis.
    If you neglect the verses of these two poets, you will miss a great part of literature.
    Imperator militibus proeliō caruit.
    The general was without soldiers for the battle.
  2. I am separated from.
  3. I am deprived of.

Usage notes

  • Always used with the ablative of separation.


   Conjugation of careo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present careō carēs caret carēmus carētis carent
imperfect carēbam carēbās carēbat carēbāmus carēbātis carēbant
future carēbō carēbis carēbit carēbimus carēbitis carēbunt
perfect caruī caruistī caruit caruimus caruistis caruērunt, caruēre
pluperfect carueram caruerās caruerat caruerāmus caruerātis caruerant
future perfect caruerō carueris caruerit caruerimus carueritis caruerint
passive present careor carēris, carēre carētur carēmur carēminī carentur
imperfect carēbar carēbāris, carēbāre carēbātur carēbāmur carēbāminī carēbantur
future carēbor carēberis, carēbere carēbitur carēbimur carēbiminī carēbuntur
perfect caritus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect caritus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect caritus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present caream careās careat careāmus careātis careant
imperfect carērem carērēs carēret carērēmus carērētis carērent
perfect caruerim caruerīs caruerit caruerīmus caruerītis caruerint
pluperfect caruissem caruissēs caruisset caruissēmus caruissētis caruissent
passive present carear careāris, careāre careātur careāmur careāminī careantur
imperfect carērer carērēris, carērēre carērētur carērēmur carērēminī carērentur
perfect caritus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect caritus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present carē carēte
future carētō carētō carētōte carentō
passive present carēre carēminī
future carētor carētor carentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives carēre caruisse caritūrus esse carērī caritus esse caritum īrī
participles carēns caritūrus caritus carendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
carēre carendī carendō carendum caritum caritū

Derived terms

Related terms



  • careo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • careo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “careo”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • not to possess the sense of hearing: sensu audiendi carere
    • to be deprived of the rites of burial: sepulturae honore carere
    • to be deprived of the rites of burial: iustis exsequiarum carere
    • the word carere means..: vox, nomen carendi or simply carere hoc significat (Tusc. 1. 36. 88)
    • to be free from faults: omni vitio carere
    • to never appear in public: publico carere, se abstinere
    • to shun publicity: publico carere, forum ac lucem fugere
    • to shun publicity: forensi luce carere
    • to be in exile: patria carere
    • to be free from blame: culpa carere, vacare
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 586



careo m (plural careos)

  1. face-to-face meeting



  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of carear.