clause (plural clauses)
- (grammar) A verb, its necessary grammatical arguments, and any adjuncts affecting them.
- (grammar) A verb along with its subject and their modifiers. If a clause provides a complete thought on its own, then it is an independent (superordinate) clause; otherwise, it is (subordinate) dependent.
1988, Andrew Radford, chapter 6, in Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 300:
- However, Coordination facts seem to undermine this hasty conclusion: thus, consider the following:
(43) [Your sister could go to College], but [would she get a degree?]
The second (italicised) conjunct is a Clause containing an inverted Auxiliary, would. Given our earlier assumptions that inverted Auxiliaries are in C, and that C is a constituent of S-bar, it follows that the italicised Clause in (43) must be an S-bar. But our familiar constraint on Coordination tells us that only constituents belonging to the same Category can be conjoined. Since the second Clause in (43) is clearly an S-bar, then it follows that the first Clause must also be an S-bar — one in which the C(omplementiser) position has been left empty.
- (law) A separate part of a contract, a will or another legal document.
In When it got dark, they went back into the house, “When it got dark” is a dependent clause within the complete sentence. The independent clause "they went back into the house" could stand alone as a sentence, whereas the dependent clause could not.
types of grammatical clauses
grammar: group of words which include a subject and any necessary predicate
grammar: verb along with a subject and modifiers
legal: separate part of a contract
clause (third-person singular simple present clauses, present participle clausing, simple past and past participle claused)
- (transitive, shipping) To amend (a bill of lading or similar document).
1970, Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee, Report of the session, number 11:
- The question of clausing the bills of lading, so as to avoid "dirtying", which impairs its negotiability, may also be looked into
1978, Samir Mankabady, The Hamburg rules on the carriage of goods by sea, page 215:
- Any attempt to clause a Bill of Lading will be strenuously resisted by shippers, and they will obtain clean bills in the usual ways
1990, Alan Mitchelhill, Bills of lading: law and practice:
- It was held that the bills of lading presented were in this case 'clean' as they contained no reservations by way of endorsement, clausing or otherwise to suggest that the goods were defective
2004, Martin Dockra; Katherine Reece Thomas, Cases & materials on the carriage of goods by sea, page 104:
- There is little authority in English law dealing with the liability of a carrier who unnecessarily clauses a bill of lading.
- clause in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- clause in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
- vocative masculine singular of clausus