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Webster 1913 Edition


Clause

Clause

,
Noun.
[F.
clause
, LL.
clausa
, equiv. to L.
clausula
clause, prop., close of [GREEK] rhetorical period, close, fr.
claudere
to shut, to end. See
Close
.]
1.
A separate portion of a written paper, paragraph, or sentence; an article, stipulation, or proviso, in a legal document.
The usual attestation
clause
to a will.
Bouvier.
2.
(Gram.)
A subordinate portion or a subdivision of a sentence containing a subject and its predicate.

Clause

,
Noun.
[Obs.]
See
Letters clause
or
Letters close
, under
Letter
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Clause

CLAUSE

,
Noun.
s as z. Literally, a close, or inclosure. Hence, that which is included, or contained, within certain limits.
1.
In language or grammar, a member of a period or sentence; a subdivision of a sentence, in which the words are inseparably connected with each other in sense, and cannot, with propriety, be separated by a point; as, there is reason to think that he afterwards rose to favor, and obtained several honors civil and military. In this sentence are two clauses.
2.
An article in a contract or other writing; a distinct part of a contract, will, agreement, charter, commission, or other writing; a distinct stipulation, condition, proviso, grant, covenant, &c.

Definition 2022


clause

clause

English

Noun

clause (plural clauses)

  1. (grammar) A verb, its necessary grammatical arguments, and any adjuncts affecting them.
  2. (grammar) A verb along with its subject and their modifiers. If a clause provides a complete thought on its own, then it is an independent (superordinate) clause; otherwise, it is (subordinate) dependent.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, chapter 6, in Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 300:
      However, Coordination facts seem to undermine this hasty conclusion: thus, consider the following:
      (43)      [Your sister could go to College], but [would she get a degree?]
      The second (italicised) conjunct is a Clause containing an inverted Auxiliary, would. Given our earlier assumptions that inverted Auxiliaries are in C, and that C is a constituent of S-bar, it follows that the italicised Clause in (43) must be an S-bar. But our familiar constraint on Coordination tells us that only constituents belonging to the same Category can be conjoined. Since the second Clause in (43) is clearly an S-bar, then it follows that the first Clause must also be an S-bar — one in which the C(omplementiser) position has been left empty.
  3. (law) A separate part of a contract, a will or another legal document.

Usage notes

In When it got dark, they went back into the house, “When it got dark” is a dependent clause within the complete sentence. The independent clause "they went back into the house" could stand alone as a sentence, whereas the dependent clause could not.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

clause (third-person singular simple present clauses, present participle clausing, simple past and past participle claused)

  1. (transitive, shipping) To amend (a bill of lading or similar document).
    • 1970, Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee, Report of the session, number 11:
      The question of clausing the bills of lading, so as to avoid "dirtying", which impairs its negotiability, may also be looked into
    • 1978, Samir Mankabady, The Hamburg rules on the carriage of goods by sea, page 215:
      Any attempt to clause a Bill of Lading will be strenuously resisted by shippers, and they will obtain clean bills in the usual ways
    • 1990, Alan Mitchelhill, Bills of lading: law and practice:
      It was held that the bills of lading presented were in this case 'clean' as they contained no reservations by way of endorsement, clausing or otherwise to suggest that the goods were defective
    • 2004, Martin Dockra; Katherine Reece Thomas, Cases & materials on the carriage of goods by sea, page 104:
      There is little authority in English law dealing with the liability of a carrier who unnecessarily clauses a bill of lading.

External links

  • clause in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  • clause in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

French

Noun

clause f (plural clauses)

  1. clause

Latin

Participle

clause

  1. vocative masculine singular of clausus