gerund (plural gerunds)
| Examples (verb form that functions as a noun)|
Walking is good exercise.
The baby's crying was a constant annoyance.
He most enjoyed the singing.
| Examples (verb form that functions as an adverb)|
Russian: Нельзя переходить улицу, читая газету.
—One shouldn’t cross a street while reading a newspaper.
- (grammar) A verbal form that functions as a verbal noun. (In English, a gerund has the same spelling as a present participle, but functions differently.)
- 1991, Edward Johnson, The Handbook of Good English, page 208,
- Compounds in which gerunds are the second element look exactly like compounds in which present participles are the second element, but different principles of hyphenation apply.
- 2002, Dan Mulvey, Grammar the Easy Way, page 25,
- Like any noun, the gerund functions as a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, or predicate nominative. The gerund phrase is made up of the present participle ("-ing") and can contain an object and/or a modifier (and sometimes many modifiers). The gerund is a verbal noun.
- 2005, Gary Lutz, Diane Stevenson, The Writer's Digest Grammar Desk Reference, page 55,
- Gerunds and gerund phrases are always nouns, so they are always predicate nominatives when used as complements. Do be careful to distinguish progressive-tense verbs from gerunds used as subjective complements.
- (grammar) In some languages such as Italian or Russian, a verbal form similar to a present participle, but functioning as an adverb. These words are sometimes referred to as conjunctive participles.
verb form functioning as a verbal noun
verb form functioning as an adverb
- past participle of runnen
This participle needs an inflection-table template.