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Webster 1913 Edition


Gumma


Gum′ma

(gŭm′mȧ)
,
Noun.
;
pl.
Gummata
(#)
.
[NL. So called from its gummy contents See
Gum
.]
(Med.)
A kind of soft tumor, usually of syphilitic origin.

Definition 2022


gumma

gumma

English

Noun

gumma (plural gummas or gummata)

  1. (pathology) a soft, non-cancerous growth, a form of granuloma, resulting from the tertiary stage of syphilis.

Derived terms


Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡuma/
  • Rhymes: -uma
  • Hyphenation: gu‧m‧ma

Etymology 1

From New Latin gummat-, gumma, from Late Latin gumma (gum) (sticky substance from some plants), from Latin gummi (gum),[1] from Ancient Greek κόμμι (kómmi, gum),[2] probably from Egyptian ḳmj-t (acanthus resin).

Noun

gumma n

  1. (pathology) gumma, a non-cancerous growth resulting from the tertiary stage of syphilis.
    • 1896, Vítězslav Janovský, “Gumma”, in Ottův slovník naučný, volume X, Praha: J. Otto, page 617:
      Gumma, hlíva, nazývá se druh novotvaru příjičného, který v podobě uzlů ostře ohraničených se jeví na kůži a ostatních orgánech lidského těla jako pozdní projev příjice […]
      Gumma is a kind of syphilitic growth, which appears on the skin and other human body organs in the form of sharply bordered lumps as a late manifestation of syphilis […]

Declension

Synonyms

Etymology 2

From older Czech form gummi, from Latin gummi, from Ancient Greek κόμμι (kómmi),[3] probably from Egyptian ḳmj-t (acanthus resin).

Noun

gumma f

  1. (obsolete, singular only) gum, a sticky substance from some plants
    • 1902, “Pegu”, in Ottův slovník naučný, volume 19, Praha: J. Otto, page 398–399:
      Tabák, ovoce, surové hedvábí, pryskyřice, gumma atd. dováží se z Číny po ř. Iravadi, […]
      Tobacco, fruit, crude silk, resin, gum etc. are imported from China along the Irrawaddy River, […]
  2. (obsolete, singular only) rubber
    • 1902, “Papír”, in Ottův slovník naučný, volume 19, Praha: J. Otto, page 172–187:
      […] zpodní válec dostává nyní obyčejně povlak z tvrdé gummy.
      […] now the lower cylinder usually gets a hard rubber coating.

Declension

Derived terms

  • gummový
Synonyms

References

  1. gumma” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.
  2. Diab, Mohammad (1999). "Gumma". Lexicon of Orthopaedic Etymology. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers. p. 140. ISBN 90-5702-597-3.
  3. "guma" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, ISBN 978-80-7335-393-3, page 209.