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Webster 1913 Edition


Inferior

In-fe′ri-or

,
Adj.
[L., compar. of
inferus
that is below, underneath, the lower; akin to E.
under
: cf. F.
inférieur
. See
Under
.]
1.
Lower in place, rank, value, excellence, etc.; less important or valuable; subordinate; underneath; beneath.
A thousand
inferior
and particular propositions.
I. Watts.
The body, or, as some love to call it, our
inferior
nature.
Burke.
Whether they are equal or
inferior
to my other poems, an author is the most improper judge.
Dryden.
2.
Poor or mediocre;
as, an
inferior
quality of goods
.
3.
(Astron.)
(a)
Nearer the sun than the earth is;
as, the
inferior
or interior planets; an
inferior
conjunction of Mercury or Venus.
(b)
Below the horizon;
as, the
inferior
part of a meridian
.
4.
(Bot.)
(a)
Situated below some other organ; – said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
(b)
On the side of a flower which is next the bract; anterior.
5.
(Min.)
Junior or subordinate in rank;
as, an
inferior
officer
.
Inferior court
(Law)
,
a court subject to the jurisdiction of another court known as the
superior court
, or
higher court
.
Inferior letter
,
Inferior figure
(Print.)
,
a small letter or figure standing at the bottom of the line (opposed to
superior letter
or figure),
as in A
2
, B
n
, 2 and n are
inferior
characters
.
Inferior tide
,
the tide corresponding to the moon’s transit of the meridian, when below the horizon.

In-fe′ri-or

,
Noun.
A person lower in station, rank, intellect, etc., than another.
A great person gets more by obliging his
inferior
than by disdaining him.
South.

Webster 1828 Edition


Inferior

INFE'RIOR

,
Adj.
[L. comp. from inferus, low.]
1.
Lower in place.
2.
Lower in station, age, or rank in life. Pay due respect to those who are superior in station, and due civility to those who are inferior.
3.
Lower in excellence or value; as a poem of inferior merit; cloth of inferior quality or price.
4.
Subordinate; of less importance. Attend to health and safety; ease and convenience are inferior considerations.

INFE'RIOR

,
Noun.
A person who is younger, or of a lower station or rank in society.
A person gets more by obliging his inferior, than by disdaining him.

Definition 2022


inferior

inferior

English

Alternative forms

Adjective

inferior (not comparable)

  1. of lower quality
    Anna had always felt inferior to her brother due to poor school grades.
    • Dryden
      Whether they are equal or inferior to my other poems, an author is the most improper judge.
  2. of lower rank
    an inferior officer
  3. located below
    1. (typography) Printed in subscript.
      an inferior figure or letter
  4. (botany) Situated below some other organ; said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
  5. (botany) On the side of a flower which is next to the bract; anterior.
  6. (astronomy) Nearer to the Sun than the Earth is.
    the inferior or interior planets; an inferior conjunction of Mercury or Venus
  7. (astronomy) Below the horizon.
    the inferior part of a meridian

Usage notes

Inferior and superior are generally followed by to; than is seen sometimes, but is viewed as wrong.

Synonyms

  • See also Wikisaurus:bad

Antonyms

Coordinate terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

inferior (plural inferiors)

  1. a person of lower stature to another
    As you are my inferior, I can tell you to do anything I want.

Antonyms

Translations

Anagrams


Catalan

Adjective

inferior m, f (masculine and feminine plural inferiors)

  1. inferior
  2. lower

Latin

Etymology

Comparative form of īnferus.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /inˈfe.ri.or/, [ĩːˈfɛ.ri.ɔr]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /inˈfe.ri.or/, [inˈfeː.ri.or]

Adjective

īnferior (comparative of īnferus)

  1. lower
  2. below
  3. subsequent, later, latter

Inflection

Third declension, comparative variant

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative īnferior īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra
genitive īnferiōris īnferiōrum
dative īnferiōrī īnferiōribus
accusative īnferiōrem īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra
ablative īnferiōre īnferiōribus
vocative īnferior īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra

Descendants

References

  • inferior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • inferior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “inferior”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • later writers: scriptores aetate posteriores or inferiores
    • to gain a weak case by clever pleading: causam inferiorem dicendo reddere superiorem (λόγον κρείττω ποιειν) (Brut. 8. 30)
    • to be defeated in fight, lose the battle: proelio vinci, superari, inferiorem, victum discedere
    • to come off victorious: superiorem (opp. inferiorem), victorem (proelio, pugna) discedere

Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin inferior.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ĩ.fɨˈɾjoɾ/
  • Hyphenation: in‧fe‧ri‧or

Adjective

inferior m, f (plural inferiores, comparable)

  1. inferior

Antonyms


Spanish

Adjective

inferior m, f (plural inferiores)

  1. inferior (of lower quality)
  2. inferior (of lower rank)
  3. inferior (below)

Antonyms

Related terms