Webster 1913 Edition
mathématiques, pl., L.
mathematica, sing., Gr. [GREEK] (sc. [GREEK]) science. See
That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of the methods by which, in accordance with these relations, quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative relations.
☞ Mathematics embraces three departments, namely:
Analysis, in which letters are used, including
Analytical Geometry, and
Calculus. Each of these divisions is divided into pure or abstract, which considers magnitude or quantity abstractly, without relation to matter; and mixed or applied, which treats of magnitude as subsisting in material bodies, and is consequently interwoven with physical considerations.
Webster 1828 Edition