Webster 1913 Edition
The act of refining, or the state of being refined;
The more bodies are of kin to spirit in subtilty and
refinement, the more diffusive are they.
From the civil war to this time, I doubt whether the corruptions in our language have not equaled its
That which is refined, elaborated, or polished to excess; an affected subtilty;“The refinements of irregular cunning.”
Syn. – Purification; polish; politeness; gentility; elegance; cultivation; civilization.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.The act of purifying by separating from a substance all extraneous matter; a clearing from dross, dregs or recrement; as the refinement of metals or liquors.
2.The state of being pure.
The more bodies are of a kin to spirit in subtilty and refinement, the more diffusive are they.
3.Polish of language; elegance; purity.
From the civil war to this time, I doubt whether the corruptions in our language have not equaled its refinements.
4.Polish of manners; elegance; nice observance of the civilities of social intercourse and of graceful decorum. Refinement of manners is often found in persons of corrupt morals.
5.Purity of taste; nice perception of beauty and propriety in literature and the arts.
6.Purity of mind and morals; nice perception and observance of rectitude in moral principles and practice.
7.Purity of heart; the state of the heart purified from sensual and evil affections. This refinement is the effect of christian principles.
8.Artificial practice; subtilty; as the refinements of cunning.
9.Affectation of nicety, or of elegant improvement; as the refinements of reasoning or philosophy.