Definition 2024



See also: ся, сѧ, са, and -са


Alternative forms

  • -сь (-sʹ) (after vowels)


-ся (-sja)

  1. Reflexive suffix appended to finite verbs and infinitives to make a reflexive, reciprocal, intransitive or passive verb.

Usage notes

  • After a vowel, -ся is usually contracted to -сь, except when attached to an adjectival participle:
    • мы́ться (mýtʹsja, to wash oneself), мо́ется (mójetsja, [he] washes himself)
    • мо́юсь (mójusʹ, [I] wash myself)
    • мы́вшаяся (mývšajasja, [who had] washed herself).
  • When affixed to an infinitive -ть (-tʹ) or the 3rd-person singular or plural (-t), it merges with the /t/ into the affricate /ts/ and palatalization is lost: [tsə].

See also