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Definition 2022


-acht

-acht

See also: acht, Acht, ächt, and åcht

Irish

Alternative forms

  • -eacht (slender variant)
  • -ocht (following í)

Suffix

-acht f

  1. Nominal suffix, used to form abstract ideas or nouns roughly corresponding to English -ness, -hood, -ity, or -ure.

Usage notes

  • This affix forms feminine nouns of the third declension. Abstract nouns do not have plural forms; however, concepts that refer to concrete items do have plurals in -aí.
Declension

Abstract nouns:

Concrete nouns:

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Irish_words_suffixed_with_-acht'>Irish words suffixed with -acht</a>

Old Irish

Suffix

-acht f

  1. -ness, -hood; forms abstract nouns.

Usage notes

After a palatalised consonant, the suffix becomes -echt.

Inflection

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative -achtL -achtL -achta
Vocative -achtL -achtL -achta
Accusative -achtN -achtL -achta
Genitive -achtae -achtL -achtN
Dative -achtL -achtaib -achtaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Old_Irish_words_suffixed_with_-acht'>Old Irish words suffixed with -acht</a>

Descendants