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Webster 1913 Edition


Xiphias


Xiph′i-as

,
p
rop.
Noun.
[L., a swordfish, a sword-shaped comet, fr. Gr.
ξιφίας
, fr.
ξίφοσ
a sword.]
1.
(Zool.)
A genus of fishes comprising the common swordfish.
2.
(Anat.)
(a)
The constellation Dorado.
(b)
A comet shaped like a sword

Webster 1828 Edition


Xiphias

XIPHIAS

,
Noun.
[Gr., a sword.]
1.
The sword-fish.
2.
A comet shaped like a sword.

Definition 2021


Xiphias

Xiphias

See also: xiphias

Translingual

Proper noun

Xiphias m

  1. A taxonomic genus within the family Xiphiidae – the swordfish.

Hyponyms

See also

xiphias

xiphias

See also: Xiphias

English

Noun

xiphias

  1. A swordfish.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.xii:
      Huge Ziffius, whom Mariners eschew / No lesse, then rockes, as travellers informe [...].
    • 1700, Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol 3, p. 38:
      S. Malpighi having dissected the Head of a Xiphias or Sword Fish, which hath a very big Eye, observ'd that the middle of the Optick Nerve is nothing else, but a large Membrane, folded according to its length in many Doubles almost like a Fan, and invested by the Dura Mater.
    • 1857, Bostock & Riley, trans. Pliny, Natural History, 32.vi:
      Trebius Niger informs us that [...] the xiphias, or, in other words, the sword-fish, has a sharp-pointed muzzle, with which it is able to pierce the sides of a ship and send it to the bottom [...].
    • 1863, Prof. Huxley, "Structure and development of the vertebrate skeleton", The Lancet, 23 May 1863:
      In the xiphias, you observe, the enormous elongation of the head is produced by the elongation of the jaws proper – that is to say, of the pre-maxilla and nasal bones.

Translations


Latin

xiphiās (a swordfish)

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ξιφίας (xiphías), derived from ξίφος (xíphos, sword).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈksi.pʰi.aːs/, [ˈksɪ.pʰi.aːs]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈksi.fi.as/, [ˈksiː.fi.as]

Noun

xiphiās m (genitive xiphiae); first declension

  1. a swordfish, Xiphias gladius
  2. a sword-shaped comet

Inflection

First declension, masculine Greek type with nominative singular in -ās.

Case Singular Plural
nominative xiphiās xiphiae
genitive xiphiae xiphiārum
dative xiphiae xiphiīs
accusative xiphiān xiphiās
ablative xiphiā xiphiīs
vocative xiphiā xiphiae

Synonyms

Related terms

Descendants

References