- A swordfish.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.xii:
- Huge Ziffius, whom Mariners eschew / No lesse, then rockes, as travellers informe [...].
- 1700, Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol 3, p. 38:
- S. Malpighi having dissected the Head of a Xiphias or Sword Fish, which hath a very big Eye, observ'd that the middle of the Optick Nerve is nothing else, but a large Membrane, folded according to its length in many Doubles almost like a Fan, and invested by the Dura Mater.
- 1857, Bostock & Riley, trans. Pliny, Natural History, 32.vi:
- Trebius Niger informs us that [...] the xiphias, or, in other words, the sword-fish, has a sharp-pointed muzzle, with which it is able to pierce the sides of a ship and send it to the bottom [...].
- 1863, Prof. Huxley, "Structure and development of the vertebrate skeleton", The Lancet, 23 May 1863:
- In the xiphias, you observe, the enormous elongation of the head is produced by the elongation of the jaws proper – that is to say, of the pre-maxilla and nasal bones.
xiphiās (a swordfish)
From Ancient Greek ξιφίας (xiphías), derived from ξίφος (xíphos, “sword”).
xiphiās m (genitive xiphiae); first declension
- a swordfish, Xiphias gladius
- a sword-shaped comet
First declension, masculine Greek type with nominative singular in -ās.