Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Baron

Bar′on

,
Noun.
[OE.
baron
,
barun
, OF.
baron
, accus. of
ber
, F.
baron
, prob. fr. OHG.
baro
(not found) bearer, akin to E.
bear
to support; cf. O. Frisian
bere
, LL.
baro
, It.
barone
, Sp.
varon
. From the meaning
bearer
(of burdens) seem to have come the senses
strong man
,
man
(in distinction from woman), which is the oldest meaning in French, and lastly,
nobleman
. Cf. L.
baro
, simpleton. See
Bear
to support.]
1.
A title or degree of nobility; originally, the possessor of a fief, who had feudal tenants under him; in modern times, in France and Germany, a nobleman next in rank below a count; in England, a nobleman of the lowest grade in the House of Lords, being next below a viscount.
☞ “The tenants in chief from the Crown, who held lands of the annual value of four hundred pounds, were styled
Barons
; and it is to them, and not to the members of the lowest grade of the nobility (to whom the title at the present time belongs), that reference is made when we read of the Barons of the early days of England’s history. . . . Barons are addressed as ‘My Lord,' and are styled ‘Right Honorable.' All their sons and daughters are ‘Honorable.'”
Cussans.
2.
(Old Law)
A husband;
as,
baron
and
feme
, husband and wife
.
[R.]
Cowell.
Baron of beef
,
two sirloins not cut asunder at the backbone.
Barons of the Cinque Ports
,
formerly members of the House of Commons, elected by the seven Cinque Ports, two for each port.
Barons of the exchequer
,
the judges of the Court of Exchequer, one of the three ancient courts of England, now abolished.

Webster 1828 Edition


Baron

BAR'ON

,
Noun.
[L.vir, is doubtless the Shemitic, a man, so named from strength.]
1.
In Great Britain, a title or degree of nobility; a lord; a peer; one who holds the rank of nobility next below that of a viscount, and above that of a knight or baronet. Originally, the barons, being the feudatories of princes, were the proprietors of land held by honorable service. Hence, in ancient records, the word barons comprehends all the nobility. All such in England had, in early times, a right to sit in parliament. As a baron was the proprietor of a manor, and each manor had its court-baron; hence the barons claimed, and to this day enjoy, the right of judging in the last resort; a right pertaining to the house of lords, or peers, as the representatives of the ancient barons, land-holders, manor-holders.
Anciently, barons were greater, or such as held their lands of the king in capite; or lesser, such as held their lands of the greater barons by military service in capite.
The title of baron is no longer attached to the possession of a manor, but given by the king's letters patent, or writ of summons to parliament; that is, the dignity is personal, and not territorial.
The radical word,vir,fir,a man, is Celtic, as well as Teutonic; but the word baron was not known in the British isles, till introduced from the continent under the Norman princes.
2.
Baron is a title of certain officers, as barons of the exchequer, who are the four judges who try cases between the king and his subjects, relating to the revenue. Barons of the Cinque Ports are members of the House of Commons, elected by the seven Cinque Ports, two for each port. These ports are Dover, Sandwich, Rommey, Hastings, Hythe, Winchelsea, and Rye.
3.
In law, a husband; as baron and feme, husband and wife.

Definition 2022


Baron

Baron

See also: baron, barón, báron, and bâron

English

Proper noun

Baron

  1. A surname.

German

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -oːn

Noun

Baron m (genitive Barons or Barones, plural Barone)

  1. baron

Declension

baron

baron

See also: Baron, báron, barón, and bâron

English

Noun

baron (plural barons, feminine baroness)

  1. The male ruler of a barony.
  2. A male member of the lowest rank of English nobility (the equivalent rank in Scotland is lord).
  3. A particular cut of beef, made up of a double sirloin.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, chapter 34
      Such portentous appetites had Queequeg and Tashtego, that to fill out the vacancies made by the previous repast, often the pale Dough-Boy was fain to bring on a great baron of salt-junk, seemingly quarried out of the solid ox.
  4. A person of great power in society, especially in business and politics.
    A robber baron or robber knight is an historic term and title of disdain.
    • 2013 August 10, Lexington, Keeping the mighty honest”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      British journalists shun complete respectability, feeling a duty to be ready to savage the mighty, or rummage through their bins. Elsewhere in Europe, government contracts and subsidies ensure that press barons will only defy the mighty so far.
  5. (law, obsolete) A husband.
    baron and feme: husband and wife

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams

References

  • "baron n.", Oxford English Dictionary, Second edition, 1989; first published in New English Dictionary, 1885.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɔn

Etymology

Readjustment from earlier baroen through French influence, from Middle Dutch baroen, from Old French baron, from Frankish *baro.

Noun

baron m (plural baronnen, diminutive baronnetje n, feminine barones)

  1. baron

Esperanto

Noun

baron

  1. accusative singular of baro

French

Etymology

From Middle French baron, from Old French baron, from or corresponding to Late Latin or Medieval Latin barō, barōnem, possibly from Frankish *baro (freeman) or of other Germanic origin; alternatively, of ultimately Celtic origin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ba.ʁɔ̃/
  • Rhymes: -ɔ̃

Noun

baron m (plural barons)

  1. (dated) baron, lord, noble landowner

Anagrams


Middle French

Etymology

From Old French baron.

Noun

baron m (plural barons)

  1. baron (nobleman)

Descendants


Norman

Noun

baron m (plural barons)

  1. Alternative form of bâron

Old French

Etymology

From or corresponding to Medieval Latin bārōnem, accusative singular of bārō, possibly from Frankish *baro (freeman) or of other Germanic origin; alternatively, ultimately of Celtic origin. The nominative form ber corresponds to the nominative barō.

Noun

baron m (oblique plural barons, nominative singular ber, nominative plural baron)

  1. lord, baron (title of nobility)
  2. (by extension) husband

Synonyms

Descendants


Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bǎroːn/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ron

Noun

bàrōn m (Cyrillic spelling ба̀ро̄н)

  1. baron (title of nobility)

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

baron c (feminine: baronessa)

  1. a baron, a ruler of a barony

Declension

Inflection of baron 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative baron baronen baroner baronerna
Genitive barons baronens baroners baronernas