Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Boss

Boss

(bŏs; 115)
,
Noun.
;
pl.
Bosses
(-ĕz)
.
[OE.
boce
,
bose
,
boche
, OF.
boce
,
boche
,
bosse
, F.
bosse
, of G. origin; cf. OHG.
bōzo
tuft, bunch, OHG.
bōzan
, MHG.
bôzen
, to beat. See
Beat
, and cf.
Botch
a swelling.]
1.
Any protuberant part; a round, swelling part or body; a knoblike process;
as, a
boss
of wood
.
2.
A protuberant ornament on any work, either of different material from that of the work or of the same, as upon a buckler or bridle; a stud; a knob; the central projection of a shield. See
Umbilicus
.
3.
(Arch.)
A projecting ornament placed at the intersection of the ribs of ceilings, whether vaulted or flat, and in other situations.
4.
[Cf. D.
bus
box, Dan.
bösse
.]
A wooden vessel for the mortar used in tiling or masonry, hung by a hook from the laths, or from the rounds of a ladder.
Gwilt.
5.
(Mech.)
(a)
The enlarged part of a shaft, on which a wheel is keyed, or at the end, where it is coupled to another.
(b)
A swage or die used for shaping metals.
6.
A head or reservoir of water.
[Obs.]

Boss

(bŏs)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Bossed
(bŏst)
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Bossing
.]
[OE.
bocen
, fr. OF.
bocier
. See the preceding word.]
To ornament with bosses; to stud.

Boss

,
Noun.
[D.
baas
master.]
A master workman or superintendent; a director or manager; a political dictator.
[Slang, U. S.]

Definition 2022


Boss

Boss

See also: boss and boß

German

Alternative forms

  • Boß (especially pre-1996)

Noun

Boss m (genitive Bosses, plural Bosse)

  1. boss (person in charge, supervisor)
  2. (video games) boss

Declension

Synonyms

  • (person in charge): Chef, Vorgesetzter
  • (video games): Endgegner

Derived terms

  • (video games): Endboss, Zwischenboss

boss

boss

See also: Boss and boß

English

Noun

boss (plural bosses)

  1. A swelling, lump or protuberance in an animal, person or object.
  2. (geology) A lump-like mass of rock, especially one projecting through a stratum of different rock.
  3. A convex protuberance in hammered work, especially the rounded projection in the centre of a shield.
  4. (mechanics) A protrusion, frequently a cylinder of material that extends beyond a hole.
  5. (architecture) A knob or projection, usually at the intersection of ribs in a vault.
  6. (archery) the target block, made of foam but historically made of hay bales, to which a target face is attached.
  7. A wooden vessel for the mortar used in tiling or masonry, hung by a hook from the laths, or from the rounds of a ladder.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gwilt to this entry?)
  8. A head or reservoir of water.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

boss (third-person singular simple present bosses, present participle bossing, simple past and past participle bossed)

  1. (transitive) To decorate with bosses; to emboss.

Etymology 2

Apparently a corruption of bass.

Noun

boss (plural bosses)

  1. (obsolete) A hassock or small seat, especially made from a bundle of straw.
    • 1916, James Joyce, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Macmillan Press Ltd, paperback, 36:
      All were waiting : uncle Charles, who sat far away in the shadow of the window, Dante and Mr Casey, who sat in the easy chairs at either side of the hearth, Stephen, seated on a chair between them, his feet resting on a toasting boss.
Synonyms
Translations

Etymology 3

From Dutch baas, from Middle Dutch baes (master of a household, friend), from Old Dutch *baso (uncle, kinsman), from Proto-Germanic *baswô, masculine form of Proto-Germanic *baswǭ (father's sister, aunt, cousin). Cognate with Middle Low German bās (supervisor, foreman), Old Frisian bas (master), Old High German basa ("father's sister, cousin"; > German Base (aunt, cousin)).

Originally a term of respect used to address an older relative, later, in New Amsterdam, it began to mean a person in charge who is not a master.

Noun

boss (plural bosses)

  1. A person who oversees and directs the work of others; a supervisor.
  2. A person in charge of a business or company.
    Chat turned to whisper when the boss entered the conference room.
    My boss complains that I'm always late to work.
  3. A leader, the head of an organized group or team.
    They named him boss because he had good leadership skills.
  4. The head of a political party in a given region or district.
    He is the Republican boss in Kentucky.
  5. (informal, chiefly India) A term of address to a man.
    Yes, boss.
  6. (video games) An enemy, often at the end of a level, that is particularly challenging and must be beaten in order to progress.
  7. (humorous) Wife.
    There's no olive oil, will sunflower oil do? — I'll have to run that by the boss.
Synonyms
  • (person in charge of a business or company): employer
  • (person who oversees and directs the work of others): line manager, manager, supervisor
  • (leader of an organized group or team): head, leader
  • (head of a political party in a given region or district): leader
  • (informal: term of address to a man): gov/guv (UK), guvnor (UK), mate (UK)
  • See also Wikisaurus:boss
Derived terms
Translations


Verb

boss (third-person singular simple present bosses, present participle bossing, simple past and past participle bossed)

  1. (transitive) To exercise authoritative control over; to lord over; to boss around; to tell (someone) what to do, often repeatedly.
    • 1931, Robert L. May, Rudolph, The Red-Nosed Reindeer, Montgomery Ward (publisher):
      By YOU last night’s journey was actually bossed / Without you, I’m certain, we’d all have been lost.
    • 1932, Lorine Pruette, The Parent and the Happy Child, page 76
      His sisters bossed him and spoiled him. All their lives he was to go on being their little brother, who could do no wrong, because he was the baby; [...]
    • 1967, Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, The purloined paperweight, page 90
      She bossed him, and he's never gotten over it. She still orders him around, and instead of telling her to go soak her head, he just says 'Yes, ma'am' as weak as a newborn jellyfish [...]
    • 1980, Jean Toomer The wayward and the seeking: a collection of writings by Jean Toomer, page 40
      For if, on the one hand, I bossed him and showed him what to do and how to do it, [...]
Derived terms
Translations

Adjective

boss (not comparable)

  1. (slang, US, Canada, Liverpudlian) Of excellent quality, first-rate.
    Don't you think surfing's boss?

Anagrams


French

Etymology

Borrowing from English boss.

Noun

boss m, f (plural boss or bosses)

  1. boss (leader)

Italian

Etymology

Borrowing from English boss.

Noun

boss m (invariable)

  1. boss (leader of a business, company or criminal organization)

Synonyms


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

Alternative forms

  • bøss

Noun

boss n (definite singular bosset, uncountable)

  1. garbage, rubbish, trash (leftover waste to be discarded)
Usage notes

Used mainly in the Bergen region.

Etymology 2

Noun

boss m (definite singular bossen, indefinite plural bosser, definite plural bossene)

  1. (colloquial) boss, supervisor (someone who oversees work)
  2. boss (final enemy in a video game)

Swedish

Etymology

Borrowing from English boss.

Noun

boss c

  1. (video games) boss; final enemy
  2. (colloquial) boss, supervisor; someone who oversees work

Declension

Inflection of boss 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative boss bossen bossar bossarna
Genitive boss bossens bossars bossarnas