Webster 1913 Edition
A metallic element of atomic number 79, constituting the most precious metal used as a common commercial medium of exchange. It has a characteristic yellow color, is one of the heaviest substances known (specific gravity 19.32), is soft, and very malleable and ductile. It is quite unalterable by heat (melting point 1064.4° C), moisture, and most corrosive agents, and therefore well suited for its use in coin and jewelry. Symbol Au (
Aurum). Atomic weight 196.97.
☞ Native gold contains usually eight to ten per cent of silver, but often much more. As the amount of silver increases, the color becomes whiter and the specific gravity lower. Gold is very widely disseminated, as in the sands of many rivers, but in very small quantity. It usually occurs in quartz veins (gold quartz), in slate and metamorphic rocks, or in sand and alluvial soil, resulting from the disintegration of such rocks. It also occurs associated with other metallic substances, as in auriferous pyrites, and is combined with tellurium in the minerals
sylvanite, etc. Pure gold is too soft for ordinary use, and is hardened by alloying with silver and copper, the latter giving a characteristic reddish tinge. [See
Carat.] Gold also finds use in gold foil, in the pigment
purple of Cassius, and in the chloride, which is used as a toning agent in photography.
Money; riches; wealth.
For me, the
goldof France did not seduce.
A yellow color, like that of the metal;
as, a flower tipped with.
Figuratively, something precious or pure;
as, hearts of.
Age of gold.
Golden age, under
a mineral, found in Columbia and California, composed of gold and mercury.–
one whose occupation is to beat gold into gold leaf.–
Gold beater's skin,
the prepared outside membrane of the large intestine of the ox, used for separating the leaves of metal during the process of gold-beating.–
any small gold-colored beetle of the family–
Chrysomelidæ; – called also
printing with gold leaf, as upon a book cover, by means of an engraved block.
Cloth of gold, under
a part of the coast of Guinea, in West Africa.–
the places, or region, where gold is found by digging in sand and gravel from which it is separated by washing.–
a fragment of broken gold or jewelry.–
A buyer of old gold or jewelry.
A goldsmith's apprentice.
An itinerant jeweler.“I know him not: he looks like a gold-end man.”
a popular mania for gold hunting.–
a region in which are deposits of gold.–
One who finds gold.
One who empties privies.
[Obs. & Low]
a composite plant with dry and persistent yellow radiating involucral scales, the–
Helichrysum Stœchasof Southern Europe. There are many South African species of the same genus.
thin sheets of gold, as used by dentists and others. See–
a kind of lace, made of gold thread.–
a thin plate of gold or gilded metal.–
gold beaten into a film of extreme thinness, and used for gilding, etc. It is much thinner than gold foil.–
a gold vein.–
a place where gold is obtained by mining operations, as distinguished from diggings, where it is extracted by washing. Cf.–
a lump of gold as found in gold mining or digging; – called also a–
Gold pheasant, or
a general name for vessels, dishes, cups, spoons, etc., made of gold.–
Gold of pleasure.
[Name perhaps translated from Sp.
A plant of the genus–
Camelina, bearing yellow flowers.
C. sativais sometimes cultivated for the oil of its seeds.
A composition of powdered gold or gold leaf, ground up with gum water and spread on shells, for artists' use; – called also
A bivalve shell (–
Anomia glabra) of the Atlantic coast; – called also
silver shell. See
a composition used in applying gold leaf.–
a kind of solder, often containing twelve parts of gold, two of silver, and four of copper.–
the colonel of a regiment of English lifeguards, who attends his sovereign on state occasions; – so called from the gilt rod presented to him by the sovereign when he receives his commission as colonel of the regiment.
A thread formed by twisting flatted gold over a thread of silk, with a wheel and iron bobbins; spun gold.
A small evergreen plant (–
Coptis trifolia), so called from its fibrous yellow roots. It is common in marshy places in the United States.
a tissue fabric interwoven with gold thread.–
the fixing of gold leaf by a hot tool upon book covers, or the ornamental impression so made.–
places where gold found in gravel is separated from lighter material by washing.–
an alloy containing three parts of gold to one of copper.–
Webster 1828 Edition
1.A precious metal of a bright yellow color, and the most ductile and malleable of all the metals. It is the heaviest metal except platina; and being a very dense, fixed substance, and not liable to be injured by air, it is well fitted to be used as coin, or a representative of commodities in commerce. Its ductility and malleability render it the most suitable metal for gilding. It is often found native in solid masses, as in Hungary and Peru; though generally in combination with silver, copper or iron.
For me, the gold of France did not seduce--
3.Something pleasing or valuable; as a heart of gold.
4.A bright yellow color; as a flower edged with gold.
Gold of pleasure, a plant of the genus Myagrum.