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Webster 1913 Edition


Liquor

Liq′uor

(lĭk′ẽr)
,
Noun.
[OE.
licour
,
licur
, OF.
licur
, F.
liqueur
, fr. L.
liquor
, fr.
liquere
to be liquid. See
Liquid
, and cf.
Liqueur
.]
1.
Any liquid substance, as water, milk, blood, sap, juice, or the like.
2.
Specifically, alcoholic or spirituous fluid, either distilled or fermented, as brandy, wine, whisky, beer, etc.
3.
(Pharm.)
A solution of a medicinal substance in water; – distinguished from
tincture
and
aqua
.
☞ The U. S. Pharmacopoeia includes, in this class of preparations, all aqueous solutions without sugar, in which the substance acted on is wholly soluble in water, excluding those in which the dissolved matter is gaseous or very volatile, as in the aquæ or waters.
U. S. Disp.
Labarraque’s liquor
(Old Chem.)
,
a solution of an alkaline hypochlorite, as sodium hypochlorite, used in bleaching and as a disinfectant.
Liquor of flints
, or
Liquor silicum
(Old Chem.)
,
soluble glass; – so called because formerly made from powdered flints. See
Soluble glass
, under
Glass
.
Liquor of Libavius
.
(Old Chem.)
See
Fuming liquor of Libavius
, under
Fuming
.
Liquor sanguinis
(săn′gwĭn-ĭs)
,
(Physiol.)
,
the blood plasma.
Liquor thief
,
a tube for taking samples of liquor from a cask through the bung hole.
To be in liquor
,
to be intoxicated.

Liq′uor

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Liquored
(lĭk′ẽrd)
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Liquoring
.]
1.
To supply with liquor.
[R.]
2.
To grease.
[Obs.]
Bacon.

Webster 1828 Edition


Liquor

LIQ'UOR

,
Noun.
lik'or [L. liquor.]
A liquid or fluid substance. [See Liquid.] Liquor is a word of general signification, extending to water, milk, blood, say, juice, &c.; but its most common application is to spirituous fluids, whether distilled or fermented, to decoctions, solutions, tinctures.

LIQ'UOR

,
Verb.
T.
To moisten; to drench. [Little used.]

Definition 2022


liquor

liquor

See also: liqueur

English

Alternative forms

Noun

liquor (countable and uncountable, plural liquors)

  1. (obsolete) A liquid.
  2. (obsolete) A drinkable liquid.
  3. A liquid obtained by cooking meat or vegetables (or both).
  4. (chiefly US) Strong alcoholic drink derived from fermentation and distillation; more broadly, any alcoholic drink.
  5. In process industry, a liquid in which a desired reaction takes place, e.g. pulping liquor is a mixture of chemicals and water which breaks wood into its components, thus facilitating the extraction of cellulose.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

liquor (third-person singular simple present liquors, present participle liquoring, simple past and past participle liquored)

  1. (intransitive) To drink liquor, usually to excess.
  2. (transitive) To cause someone to drink liquor, usually to excess.
  3. (obsolete, transitive) To grease.
    • Shakespeare
      Liquor fishermen's boots.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)

References

  • liquor in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  • liquor in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Latin

Etymology 1

From liqueō (I am liquid, fluid)

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈli.kʷor/, [ˈlɪ.kʷɔr]

Noun

liquor m (genitive liquōris); third declension

  1. fluidity, liquidity
  2. a liquid, fluid
Inflection

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative liquor liquōrēs
genitive liquōris liquōrum
dative liquōrī liquōribus
accusative liquōrem liquōrēs
ablative liquōre liquōribus
vocative liquor liquōrēs
Related terms
Descendants

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈliː.kʷor/, [ˈliː.kʷɔr]

Verb

līquor (present infinitive līquī); third conjugation, deponent, no perfect

  1. (intransitive) to be fluid or liquid
  2. (intransitive) to flow
  3. (intransitive) to melt, dissolve
Conjugation
   Conjugation of liquor (third conjugation, deponent, defective)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present līquor līqueris, līquere līquitur līquimur līquiminī līquuntur
imperfect līquēbar līquēbāris, līquēbāre līquēbātur līquēbāmur līquēbāminī līquēbantur
future līquar līquēris, līquēre līquētur līquēmur līquēminī līquentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present līquar līquāris, līquāre līquātur līquāmur līquāminī līquantur
imperfect līquerer līquerēris, līquerēre līquerētur līquerēmur līquerēminī līquerentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present līquere līquiminī
future līquitor līquitor līquuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives līquī
participles līquēns līquendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
līquere līquendī līquendō līquendum

Etymology 3

Non-lemma forms.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈli.kʷor/, [ˈlɪ.kʷɔr]

Verb

liquor

  1. first-person singular present passive indicative of liquō

References