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Definition 2023


Translingual

Han character

(radical 38 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 月女 (BV), four-corner 20404, composition)

  1. satisfactory, appropriate

References

  • KangXi: page 257, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6107
  • Dae Jaweon: page 521, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1032, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+59A5

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*n̥ʰoːlʔ
*n̥ʰoːlʔ
*noːl, *snuːl
*n̥ʰuːlʔ
*n̥ʰuːlʔ, *nuːlʔ
*nuːlʔ
*nuːlʔ, *snul
*nuːlʔ
*nuːlʔ
*snul
*snul
*snɯl
*njul

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰuo²¹⁴/
Harbin /tʰuo²¹³/
Tianjin /tʰuo¹³/
Jinan /tʰuə⁵⁵/
Qingdao /tʰuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /tʰuo⁵³/
Xi'an /tʰuo⁵³/
Xining /tʰu⁵³/
Yinchuan /tʰuə⁵³/
Lanzhou /tʰuə⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /tʰuɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /tʰuo⁴²/
Chengdu /tʰo⁵³/
Guiyang /tʰo⁴²/
Kunming /tʰo⁵³/
Nanjing /tʰo²¹²/
Hefei /tʰʊ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuɤ⁵³/
Pingyao /tʰuə⁵³/
Hohhot /tʰuɤ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /tʰu³⁵/
Suzhou /tʰəu⁵¹/
Hangzhou /tʰo⁵³/
Wenzhou /tʰɤu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /tʰo³⁵/
Tunxi /tʰo³¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʰo⁴¹/
Xiangtan /tʰo⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /tʰo²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tʰo³¹/
Taoyuan /tʰo¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɔ²³/
Nanning /tʰɔ³⁵/
/tʰɔ²⁴/
Hong Kong /tʰɔ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /to⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰo³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰɔ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰo⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ho³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰwaX/
Li
Rong
/tʰuɑX/
Wang
Li
/tʰuɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuǒ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tuǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ thwaX ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ˤojʔ/
English at ease

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰoːlʔ/
Notes

Definitions

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds

  • 不妥
  • 停妥
  • 備妥备妥
  • 千妥萬妥千妥万妥
  • 千妥萬當千妥万当
  • 妥切
  • 妥協妥协 (tuǒxié)
  • 妥員妥员
  • 妥善 (tuǒshàn)
  • 妥妥貼貼妥妥贴贴
  • 妥實妥实
  • 妥帖
  • 妥洽
  • 妥當妥当 (tuǒdàng)
  • 妥當人妥当人
  • 妥貼妥贴
  • 妥靠
  • 威妥瑪式威妥玛式
  • 安妥

References


Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. gentle

Readings


Korean

Hanja

(ta) (hangeul , revised ta, McCune-Reischauer t'a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(thỏa, thoả, thoã)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.