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Definition 2023


U+3147, ㅇ
HANGUL LETTER IEUNG

[U+3146]
Hangul Compatibility Jamo
[U+3148]

Korean

Syllable

(u)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and .

Etymology 2

Of native Korean origin.

Adverb

(u)

  1. suddenly

Noun

(u)

  1. the name of the hangeul vowel (u)
  2. (North Korea) above; top
    • 2004 October 10, "구름우에 솟은 《왕》들의 집-13개의 분교" (The House of "Kings", Soaring Above the Clouds), KCNA:
      이곳에서 내려다보면 마치 구름에 분교와 마을이 둥둥 떠있는것만 같다.
      igos-eseo naeryeodabomyeon machi gureum-u-e bun-gyo-wa ma-eur-i dungdung tteo-inneun-geon-man gatda.
      Looking down from here, it looks just like the schoolhouse and the village are floating separately above the clouds.
Alternative forms
  • (above): (wi) (South Korea)

Etymology 3

Of native Korean origin.

Suffix

(u)

  1. a suffix deriving a causative verb.
    • 자리었다. (Jariga bieotda., “The seat became empty.”)사장자리다. (Sajang-i jarireul biwotda., “The boss is absent. (The boss made his seat empty.)”)
Synonyms
  • - (i)/ (hi)/ (ri)/ (gi)/ (gu)/ (chu)- : suffixes deriving causative verbs.

Etymology 4

Of native Korean origin.

Alternative forms

Suffix

(u)

  1. one of the middle style (하오체) declarative, interrogative, and imperative endings, often used by senior women to higher but familiar women.

Usage notes

This is used after a vowel, or the consonant (l) in which case the (l) falls out. After a consonant other than (l), (su) is used instead.

Synonyms

Etymology 5

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Noun

(u) (hanja )

  1. the right side

(u) (hanja )

  1. foolishness

(u) (hanja )

  1. superiority; excellence

(u) (hanja )

  1. the fifth note in the pentatonic scale; la