asper (comparative more asper, superlative most asper)
- Rough or harsh; severe, stern, serious.
- Francis Bacon
- An asper sound.
- (phonetics) Rough breathing; a mark (#) indicating that part of a word is aspirated, or pronounced with h before it.
Middle English, from Middle French aspre or Italian aspro, both from Ancient Greek ἄσπρον (áspron), from neuter of ἄσπρος (áspros, “white”), from Latin asper (“rough, newly minted”)
asper (plural aspers)
- (historical) Any one of several small coins, circulated around the eastern Mediterranean area from the 12th to 17th centuries.
- apers, apres, après, aprés, pares, parse, pears, præs., rapes, reaps, RESPA, sarpe, spare, spear
Probably from Proto-Indo-European root *h₂esp- (“to cut”), also present in Ancient Greek ἀσπίς (aspís) and Hittite ḫasp-.
asper m (feminine aspera, neuter asperum); first/second declension
- rough, uneven, coarse, unrefined, rude, sharp, newly minted
First/second declension, nominative masculine singular in -er.
- asper in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- asper in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- Félix Gaffiot (1934), “asper”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
- Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
(ambiguous) rough and hilly ground: loca aspera et montuosa (Planc. 9. 22)
- asper in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- asper in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
asper m, f
- indefinite plural of asp