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Webster 1913 Edition


Flax

Flax

(flăks)
,
Noun.
[AS.
fleax
; akin to D.
vlas
,
OHG
.
flahs
, G.
flachs
, and prob. to
flechten
to braid, plait,m twist, L.
plectere
to weave,
plicare
to fold, Gr. [GREEK] to weave, plait. See
Ply
.]
1.
(Bot.)
A plant of the genus
Linum
, esp. the
L. usitatissimum
, which has a single, slender stalk, about a foot and a half high, with blue flowers. The fiber of the bark is used for making thread and cloth, called linen, cambric, lawn, lace, etc. Linseed oil is expressed from the seed.
2.
The skin or fibrous part of the flax plant, when broken and cleaned by hatcheling or combing.
Earth flax
(Min.)
,
amianthus.
Flax brake
,
a machine for removing the woody portion of flax from the fibrous.
Flax comb
,
a hatchel, hackle, or heckle.
Flax cotton
,
the fiber of flax, reduced by steeping in bicarbonate of soda and acidulated liquids, and prepared for bleaching and spinning like cotton.
Knight.
Flax dresser
,
one who breaks and swingles flax, or prepares it for the spinner.
Flax mill
,
a mill or factory where flax is spun or linen manufactured.
Flax puller
,
a machine for pulling flax plants in the field.
Flax wench
.
(a)
A woman who spins flax.
[Obs.]
(b)
A prostitute.
[Obs.]
Shak.
Mountain flax
(Min.)
,
amianthus.
New Zealand flax
(Bot.)

Webster 1828 Edition


Flax

FLAX

, n.
1.
A plant of the genus Linum, consisting of a single slender stalk, the skin or herl of which is used for making thread and cloth, called linen, cambric, lawn, lace, &c. The skin consists of fine fibers, which may be so separated as to be spun into threads as fine as silk.
2.
The skin or fibrous part of the plant when broken and cleaned by hatcheling or combing.

Definition 2021


flax

flax

English

A field of flax (Linum usitatissimum)

Wikispecies

Noun

flax (plural flaxes)

  1. A plant of the genus Linum, especially Linum usitatissimum, which has a single, slender stalk, about a foot and a half high, with blue flowers. Also known as linseed, especially when referring to the seeds.
  2. The fibers of Linum usitatissimum, grown to make linen and related textiles.
  3. The flax bush, a plant of the genus Phormium, native to New Zealand, with strap-like leaves up to 3 metres long that grow in clumps.

Usage notes

The plural flaxes is used to indicate multiple species or varieties of flax; otherwise, flax is uncountable.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

References

  1. Etymology in the Deutsches Wörterbuch of Jakob und Wilhelm Grimm: "however, Old Norse hör ... The Gothic word has not been transmitted, but one might guess harvs"

Swedish

Noun

flax c

  1. (slang) (unexpected) good luck

Declension