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Webster 1913 Edition


Militia

Mi-li′tia

,
Noun.
[L., military service, soldiery, fr.
miles
,
militis
, soldier: cf. F.
milice
.]
1.
In the widest sense, the whole military force of a nation, including both those engaged in military service as a business, and those competent and available for such service; specifically, the body of citizens enrolled for military instruction and discipline, but not subject to be called into actual service except in emergencies.
The king’s captains and soldiers fight his battles, and yet . . . the power of the
militia
is he.
Jer. Taylor.
2.
Military service; warfare.
[Obs.]
Baxter.

Webster 1828 Edition


Militia

MILI'TIA

,
Noun.
[L. from miles, a soldier; Gr. war, to fight, combat, contention. The primary sense of fighting is to strive, struggle, drive, or to strike, to beat, Eng. moil, L. molior; Heb. to labor or toil.] The body of soldiers in a state enrolled for discipline, but not engaged in actual service except in emergencies; as distinguished from regular troops, whose sole occupation is war or military service. The militia of a country are the able bodied men organized into companies, regiments and brigades,with officers of all grades, and required by law to attend military exercises on certain days only, but at other times left to pursue their usual occupations.

Definition 2022


militia

militia

English

Noun

militia (plural militias)

  1. An army of trained civilians, which may be an official reserve army, called upon in time of need, the entire able-bodied population of a state which may also be called upon, or a private force not under government control.
  2. The national police force of certain countries (e.g. Ukraine).

Translations


Latin

Etymology

From mīles (soldier).

Pronunciation

Noun

mīlitia f (genitive mīlitiae); first declension

  1. military service
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 26.1
      huic generi militum senatus eundem, quem Cannensibus, finem statuerat militiae.
      For this class of soldier the senate had established a limit in duration to their military service, which was the same as the men at Cannae.
  2. the military, army, soldiery
  3. warfare, war, campaign
  4. civil service, profession, employment
  5. (figuratively) military spirit, courage, bravery

Inflection

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative mīlitia mīlitiae
genitive mīlitiae mīlitiārum
dative mīlitiae mīlitiīs
accusative mīlitiam mīlitiās
ablative mīlitiā mīlitiīs
vocative mīlitia mīlitiae

Related terms

Descendants

References