Webster 1913 Edition
A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance, of a sandy or granular consistency, obtained by crystallizing the evaporated juice of certain plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, beet root, sugar maple, etc. It is used for seasoning and preserving many kinds of food and drink. Ordinary sugar is essentially sucrose. See the Note below.
☞ The term sugar includes several commercial grades, as the white or refined, granulated, loaf or lump, and the raw brown or muscovado. In a more general sense, it includes several distinct chemical compounds, as the glucoses, or grape sugars (including glucose proper, dextrose, and levulose), and the sucroses, or true sugars (as cane sugar). All sugars are carbohydrates. See
Carbohydrate. The glucoses, or grape sugars, are ketone alcohols of the formula
C6H12O6, and they turn the plane of polarization to the right or the left. They are produced from the amyloses and sucroses, as by the action of heat and acids of ferments, and are themselves decomposed by fermentation into alcohol and carbon dioxide. The only sugar (called acrose) as yet produced artificially belongs to this class. The sucroses, or cane sugars, are doubled glucose anhydrides of the formula
C12H22O11. They are usually not fermentable as such (cf.
Sucrose), and they act on polarized light.
By extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance;
sugarof lead (lead acetate), a poisonous white crystalline substance having a sweet taste
Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.
sugar made from the sugar cane; sucrose, or an isomeric sugar. See–
Diabetes sugar, or
a variety of sugar (grape sugar or dextrose) excreted in the urine in diabetes mellitus; – the presence of such a sugar in the urine is used to diagnose the illness.–
a sirupy or white crystalline sugar (dextrose or glucose) found as a characteristic ingredient of ripe grapes, and also produced from many other sources. See–
a variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, found in malt. See–
a substance found in manna, resembling, but distinct from, the sugars. See–
a variety of sugar characteristic of fresh milk, and isomeric with sucrose. See–
a sweet white crystalline substance isomeric with, and formerly regarded to, the glucoses. It is found in the tissue of muscle, the heart, liver, etc. Called also–
heart sugar. See
a variety of dextrose made by the action of heat and acids on starch from corn, potatoes, etc.; – called also–
corn sugar, and, inaccurately,
invert sugar. See
one who refines sugar.–
a variety of beet (–
Beta vulgaris) with very large white roots, extensively grown, esp. in Europe, for the sugar obtained from them.
any one of several species of small South American singing birds of the genera–
Dacnis, and allied genera belonging to the family
Coerebidae. They are allied to the honey eaters.
a place in or near a sugar orchard, where maple sugar is made.–
sugar clarified and concreted or crystallized; candy made from sugar.–
a tall perennial grass (–
Saccharum officinarium), with thick short-jointed stems. It has been cultivated for ages as the principal source of sugar.
A loaf or mass of refined sugar, usually in the form of a truncated cone.
A hat shaped like a sugar loaf.
Why, do not or know you, grannam, and that–
the rock maple (–
Acer saccharinum). See
a machine for pressing out the juice of the sugar cane, usually consisting of three or more rollers, between which the cane is passed.–
A small mite (
Tyroglyphus sacchari), often found in great numbers in unrefined sugar.
Sugar of lead.
Sugar, 2, above.
Sugar of milk.
a collection of maple trees selected and preserved for purpose of obtaining sugar from them; – called also, sometimes,
an immense coniferous tree (–
Pinus Lambertiana) of California and Oregon, furnishing a soft and easily worked timber. The resinous exudation from the stumps, etc., has a sweetish taste, and has been used as a substitute for sugar.
an Australian flying phalanger (–
Belideus sciureus), having a long bushy tail and a large parachute. It resembles a flying squirrel. See Illust. under
small tongs, as of silver, used at table for taking lumps of sugar from a sugar bowl.–
Sugar maple, above.
In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; – with the preposition off.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To impregnate, season, cover, or sprinkle with sugar; to mix sugar with.“When I sugar my liquor.”
To cover with soft words; to disguise by flattery; to compliment; to sweeten;
With devotion’s visage
And pious action we do
The devil himself.
And pious action we do
The devil himself.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.A well known substance manufactured chiefly from the sugar cane, arundo saccharifera; but in the United States, great quantities of this article are made from the sugar maple; and in France, a few years since, it was extensively manufactured from the beet. The saccharine liquor is concentrated by boiling, which expels the water; lime is added to neutralize the acid that is usually present; the gresser impurities rise to the surface, and are separated in the form of scum; and finally as the liquor cools,the sugar separates from the melasses in grains. The sirup or melasses is drained off, leaving the sugar in the state known in commerce by the name of raw or muscovado sugar. This is farther purified by means of clay, or more extensively by bullocks' blood, which forming a coagulum, envelops the impurities. Thus clarified, it takes the names of lump, loaf, refined, &c. according to the different degrees of purification. Sugar is a proximate element of the vegetable kingdom, and is found in most ripe fruits and many farinaceous roots. By fermentation, sugar is converted into alcohol, and hence forms the basis of those substances which are used for making intoxicating liquors, as melasses, grapes, apples, malt, &c.
The ultimate elements of sugar are oxygen, carbon and hydrogen. Of all vegetable principles, it is considered by Dr. Rush as the most wholesome and nutritious.
2.A chimical term; as the sugar of lead.
But flattery still in sugar'd words betrays.
Sugar of lead, acetate of lead.