Definify.com

Definition 2022


-ar

-ar

See also: Appendix:Variations of "ar"

English

Suffix

-ar

  1. Of, near, or pertaining to; adjective suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    line + -arlinear
    alveolus + -aralveolar
    column + -arcolumnar
Translations

Usage notes

If the root word ends in r, the variant -al is often used instead. Sometimes both forms are used: linear, lineal.

Synonyms

Etymology 2

From Latin -ārius or French -aire.

Suffix

-ar

  1. Forming nouns such as vicar, exemplar, bursar, etc.

Etymology 3

Alteration of -er or -or

Suffix

-ar

  1. Forming nouns such as beggar, liar, pedlar, etc.

Aromanian

Alternative forms

  • -aru, -ariu

Etymology

From Latin -ārius, -ārium. Compare Daco-Romanian -ar.

Suffix

-ar m

  1. suffix used to denote a profession or craft

Catalan

Etymology 1

From Latin -āris (of, pertaining to)

Suffix

-ar

  1. -ar; used to form adjectives of one form indicating that the noun that is modified by the adjective is pertaining to the root word used to form the adjective.
  2. Used to form nouns indicating where a given crop is grown.
  3. Used to form nouns indicating where something is usually found.

Etymology 2

From Latin -āre.

Suffix

-ar

  1. Used to form first conjugation verbs indicating an action related to the root word.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Catalan_words_suffixed_with_-ar'>Catalan words suffixed with -ar</a>

Ido

Etymology

Borrowing from Italian -are, Spanish -ar, from Latin -āre.

Suffix

-ar

  1. This ending denotes the present infinitive form of a verb.
    Me volas komprar ca objekto.
    I want to buy this thing.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Ido_words_suffixed_with_-ar'>Ido words suffixed with -ar</a>

Related terms

  • -ir (past infinitive tense)
  • -or (future infinitive tense)

Interlingua

Suffix

-ar

  1. Added to a noun root word, this forms a verb meaning to apply or make use of the root.
  2. Added to an adjectival root word, this forms a verb meaning to render/make (adjective) the object of the verb.

See also


Ngarrindjeri

Suffix

-ar

  1. Suffix meaning many and used to denote a plural.
    mimini (woman) + -armiminar (women)

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ar/ (example of pronunciation)

Suffix

-ar m, f

  1. Used to form regular indefinite plurals of most masculine nouns.
    Ein gut, fleire gutar.
    A boy; several boys.
  2. Used to form regular indefinite plurals of some feminine nouns.
    Ei gjerning, fleire gjerningar.
    An act; several acts.

See also


Occitan

Etymology

From Old Provençal -ar, from Latin -āre, infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs

Suffix

-ar

  1. Suffix of verbs of the first conjugation

Old Norse

Suffix

-ar

  1. plural
  2. possessive

Portuguese

Etymology 1

From Old Portuguese -ar, from Latin -āre, infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

Suffix

-ar

  1. forms the impersonal infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 373:
      Devíamos fechar os olhos dele.
      We should close his eyes.
  2. forms the first-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
  3. forms the third-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
Conjugation

Etymology 2

From Old Portuguese -ar, from Latin -āris.

Suffix

-ar

  1. forms adjectives from nouns, especially those that already contain an L; -ar
Synonyms

Romanian

Alternative forms

  • -ariu (archaic)

Etymology

From Latin -ārium, accusative of -ārius.

Suffix

-ar m (plural -ari)

  1. Added to a word to denote a profession or craft; -er
    roată (wheel) + -arrotar (wheeler)
    oală (pot) + -arolar (potter)
    fier (iron) + -arfierar (blacksmith)
    vacă (cow) + -arvăcar (cowherd)
    porc (pig) + -arporcar (swineherd)

Declension

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Romanian_words_suffixed_with_-ar'>Romanian words suffixed with -ar</a>

See also


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *-arjь.

Suffix

-ar (Cyrillic spelling -ар)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, person who does something or an animal.

See also


Spanish

Etymology 1

From Latin -āris.

Suffix

-ar (plural -ares)

  1. In adjectives, indicating membership or status
    gránulo (granule) + -argranular (granular)
    testículo (testicle) + -artesticular (testicular)
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    sandía (watermelon) + -arsandiar (watermelon patch)
    haba (bean) + -arhabar (bean patch)
Synonyms
  • (indicating a place): -al
Derived terms
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Spanish_words_suffixed_with_-ar'>Spanish words suffixed with -ar</a>

Etymology 2

From Latin -āre, the infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

Suffix

-ar

  1. The infinitive suffix for many verbs.
Conjugation

See: Appendix:Spanish verbs in -ar

See also

  • -er
  • -ir

Swedish

Suffix

-ar

  1. Suffix for the indefinite plural form of nouns of the second declension.
  2. Suffix for the present tense, active voice, indicative mood for the absolute majority of Swedish verbs.

Usage notes

For verbs, it is more customary to identify the -a of this 'suffix' as belonging to the stem of the verb, and thus only consider -r to be the suffix. However, the verbs which in present tense ends in the letters -ar are commonly called -ar-verbs, as to differentiate them from -er-verbs and verbs which doesn't end in -a in infinitive.