Webster 1913 Edition
vapor; probably for
cvapor, and akin to Gr. [GREEK] smoke, [GREEK] to breathe forth, Lith.
kveptito breathe, smell, Russ.
kopotefine soot. Cf.
Any substance in the gaseous, or aeriform, state, the condition of which is ordinarily that of a liquid or solid.
☞ The term vapor is sometimes used in a more extended sense, as identical with gas; and the difference between the two is not so much one of kind as of degree, the latter being applied to all permanently elastic fluids except atmospheric air, the former to those elastic fluids which lose that condition at ordinary temperatures. The atmosphere contains more or less vapor of water, a portion of which, on a reduction of temperature, becomes condensed into liquid water in the form of rain or dew. The vapor of water produced by boiling, especially in its economic relations, is called steam.
Vaporis any substance in the gaseous condition at the maximum of density consistent with that condition. This is the strict and proper meaning of the word
In a loose and popular sense, any visible diffused substance floating in the atmosphere and impairing its transparency, as smoke, fog, etc.
vapourwhich that fro the earth glood [glided].
Fire and hail; snow and
vapors; stormy wind fulfilling his word.
Ps. cxlviii. 8.
Something unsubstantial, fleeting, or transitory; unreal fancy; vain imagination; idle talk; boasting.
For what is your life? It is even a
vapor, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.
James iv. 14.
An old name for hypochondria, or melancholy; the blues.“A fit of vapors.”
A medicinal agent designed for administration in the form of inhaled vapor.
A bath in vapor; the application of vapor to the body, or part of it, in a close place; also, the place itself.
A small metallic drying oven, usually of copper, for drying and heating filter papers, precipitates, etc.; – called also–
air bath. A modified form is provided with a jacket in the outside partition for holding water, or other volatile liquid, by which the temperature may be limited exactly to the required degree.
a burner for burning a vaporized hydrocarbon.–
the relative weight of gases and vapors as compared with some specific standard, usually hydrogen, but sometimes air. The vapor density of gases and vaporizable substances as compared with hydrogen, when multiplied by two, or when compared with air and multiplied by 28.8, gives the molecular weight.–
an engine worked by the expansive force of a vapor, esp. a vapor other than steam.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
: cf. L.
To pass off in fumes, or as a moist, floating substance, whether visible or invisible, to steam; to be exhaled; to evaporate.
To emit vapor or fumes.
vapornot so much as standing waters.
To talk idly; to boast or vaunt; to brag.
Poets used to
vapormuch after this manner.
vaporand say, By this time Matthews has beaten them.
To send off in vapor, or as if in vapor;
vaporaway a heated fluid
He’d laugh to see one throw his heart away,
vaporforth his soul.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.In a general sense, an invisible elastic fluid, rendered aeriform by heat, and capable of being condensed, or brought back to the liquid or solid state, by cold. The vapor of water is distinguished by the name of steam, which see.
2.A visible fluid floating in the atmosphere. All substances which impair the transparency of the atmosphere, as smoke, fog, &c. are in common language called vapors, though the term vapor is technical applied only to an invisible and condensible substance, as in No. 1; fog, &c. being vapor condensed, or water in a minute state of division. Vapor rising into the higher regions of the atmosphere, and condensed in large volumes, forms clouds.
3.Substances resembling smoke, which sometimes fill the atmosphere, particularly in America during the autumn.
5.Mental fume; vain imagination; unreal fancy.
6.Vapors, a disease of nervous debility, in which a variety of strange images float in the brain, or appear as if visible. Hence hypochondriacal affections and spleen are called vapors.
7.Something unsubstantial, fleeting or transitory.
For what is your life? It is even a vapor, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away. James 4.
1.To pass off in fumes or a moist floating substance; to steam; to be exhaled; to evaporate. [In this sense, evaporate is generally used.]
2.To emit fumes.
Running water vapors not so much as standing water. [Little used.]
3.To bully; to boast or vaunt with a vain ostentatious display of worth; to brag.
[This is the most usual signification of the word.]
And what in real value's wanting, supply with vaporing and ranting.
Another sighing vapors forth his soul.