Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Idem

I′dem

,
p
ron.
or
Adj.
[L.]
The same; the same as above; – often abbreviated
id.

Definition 2022


Idem

Idem

See also: idem, IDEM, and ídem

German

Proper noun

Idem

  1. A surname, notably that of Josefa Idem

idem

idem

See also: Idem, IDEM, and ídem

English

Adjective

idem (not comparable)

  1. The same.

Derived terms

Usage notes

  • Used almost exclusively in footnotes of academic or scholarly papers, especially those of the legal profession, to indicate that the source referred to in a footnote is the same as the source in the preceding footnote; usually abbreviated when so used.

Anagrams


Dutch

Pronunciation

Adverb

idem

  1. idem, ditto

Anagrams


French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /i.dɛm/

Adverb

idem

  1. idem, likewise

Anagrams


Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈidem/
  • Hyphenation: ì‧dem

Adverb

idem

  1. ditto, and so, likewise, also

Pronoun

idem

  1. ditto, the same

Anagrams


Latin

Alternative forms

  • eidem (frequently in manuscripts and inscriptions)
  • isdem, eisdem (rarely)[1]

Etymology

From the pronoun is (he) + Proto-Italic *-im (emphatic marker) (whence Sabellic *-om, Oscan 𐌝𐌔𐌝𐌃𐌖𐌌 (ísídum), 𐌄𐌔𐌝𐌃𐌖𐌌 (esídum)), from Proto-Indo-European *im (whence also Old Latin im, em), accusative singular of *éy. The s was lost and the i lengthened by compensatory lengthening.[2]

When the ablative cases eōd, eād became , , the true forms eōd-em, eād-em were interpreted as eō-dem, eā-dem. The neuter nominative singular id-em is natural and gives earlier emem (= later eundem). The new marker -dem then served to create totidem, tantumdem, ibīdem, etc. Compare tam-en with its later doublet: tan-dem ( *tam-dem).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈiː.dem/, [ˈiː.dẽ]

Determiner

īdem m (feminine eadem, neuter idem)

  1. the same (usually with ablative)
    • 29 bc. Vergil. Georgics, III
      amor omnibvs idem
      Sex is the same for all of them [viz., every form of man, beast, aquatic or winged life, and livestock]

Inflection

Irregular declension. Similar to the declension of is, ea, id. Irregular: similar to first and second declensions, except for singular genitives ending in "-ius" and singular datives ending in "-ī".

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative īdem eadem idem īdem eaedem eadem
genitive eiusdem /
ejusdem
eōrundem eārundem eōrundem
dative eīdem eīsdem /
īsdem
accusative eundem eandem idem eōsdem eāsdem eadem
ablative eōdem eādem eōdem eīsdem /
īsdem

See also

References

  • idem in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • idem in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “idem”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to hold the same views: idem sentire (opp. dissentire ab aliquo)
    • to agree with a person: consentire, idem sentire cum aliquo
    • to have the same meaning: idem valere, significare, declarare
    • synonyms: vocabula idem fere declarantia
    • to have the same political opinions: idem de re publica sentire
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press
  1. idem in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  2. De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “-dem”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 166

Portuguese

Pronoun

idem

  1. (demonstrative) the aforesaid; ditto

Serbo-Croatian

Verb

idem (Cyrillic spelling идем)

  1. first-person singular present tense form of ići.