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Definition 2022


Kivi

Kivi

See also: kivi, kíví, and ki̱ví

Estonian

Proper noun

Kivi

  1. A surname.

Finnish

Etymology

From kivi (stone), mostly in late 19th and early 20th centuries, often as a translation of Swedish surnames containing the word sten (stone).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈkiʋi/
  • Hyphenation: Ki‧vi

Proper noun

Kivi

  1. A surname, notably of the first Finnish novelist Aleksis Kivi.

Declension

Inflection of Kivi (Kotus type 7/ovi, no gradation)
nominative Kivi Kivet
genitive Kiven Kivien
partitive Kiveä Kiviä
illative Kiveen Kiviin
singular plural
nominative Kivi Kivet
accusative nom. Kivi Kivet
gen. Kiven
genitive Kiven Kivien
partitive Kiveä Kiviä
inessive Kivessä Kivissä
elative Kivestä Kivistä
illative Kiveen Kiviin
adessive Kivellä Kivillä
ablative Kiveltä Kiviltä
allative Kivelle Kiville
essive Kivenä Kivinä
translative Kiveksi Kiviksi
instructive Kivin
abessive Kivettä Kivittä
comitative Kivineen

Related terms

kivi

kivi

See also: Kivi, kíví, and ki̱ví

Estonian

Noun

kivi (genitive kivi, partitive kivi)

  1. stone, rock
  2. (slang) cannabis

Declension

Derived terms


Finnish

(index ki)

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, From Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe. Cognate with Hungarian .

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈkiʋi]
  • Rhymes: -iʋi
  • Hyphenation: ki‧vi

Noun

kivi

  1. stone
  2. a piece of stone which is larger than a grain of sand
  3. arock as a relatively small mass of stone projecting out of ground
  4. boulder
  5. a general term for solid, mineral-based construction materials, such as brick, concrete or natural stone
  6. (nautical, informal) an underwater rock which may be dangerous for seafarers
  7. short form of jalokivi; rock, jewel
    Tässä kellossa on 17 kiveä.
    This clockwork is made with 17 jewels.
    Katso tuota kiveä hänen sormessaan!
    Look at that rock in her finger!

Declension

Inflection of kivi (Kotus type 7/ovi, no gradation)
nominative kivi kivet
genitive kiven kivien
partitive kiveä kiviä
illative kiveen kiviin
singular plural
nominative kivi kivet
accusative nom. kivi kivet
gen. kiven
genitive kiven kivien
partitive kiveä kiviä
inessive kivessä kivissä
elative kivestä kivistä
illative kiveen kiviin
adessive kivellä kivillä
ablative kiveltä kiviltä
allative kivelle kiville
essive kivenä kivinä
translative kiveksi kiviksi
instructive kivin
abessive kivettä kivittä
comitative kivineen

Synonyms

Derived terms

Compounds

Usage notes

A large mass of stone projecting out of ground is called kallio. Also, if the stone mass is known or assumed to be part of bedrock, it's called kallio, even if the visible part is small. Similarly, if a large stone mass is known not to be part of bedrock, it may be called kivi or lohkare.


Karelian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe. Cognate with Finnish kivi, Hungarian .

Noun

kivi (genitive kiven, partitive kivie)

  1. stone

Latvian

Kivi (1)
Kivi (2)

Etymology

Via other European languages, ultimately a borrowing from Maori kiwi, originally an onomatopoeic imitation of the bird's call. Originally the name of the bird, the English word kiwi soon became a term for people and things from New Zealand, and was thus also used, initially as a brand name, for the fruit, which is also from New Zealand.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [kivi]
  • IPA(key): [kiviː]

Noun

kivi m (invariable)

  1. kiwi bird (a flightless bird (genus Apteryx) found only in New Zealand)
    kivi dzimtakiwi family (Apterygidae)
    kivi ir putni, kas dzīvo tikai Jaunzēlandē ― the kiwi are birds that live only in New Zealand
  2. kiwi fruit (a Chinese gooseberry vine fruit of the genus Actinidia with hairy brown skin and dark green flesh)
    kivi ir subtropu auglis ar brūnu, pūkainu mizu un zaļu mīkstumu ― the kiwi is a subtropical fruit with brown, hairy skin and green flesh
    kivi pēc formas atgādina olu ― the kiwi is shaped like an egg

See also


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Maori kiwi

Noun

kivi m (definite singular kivien, indefinite plural kivier, definite plural kiviene)

  1. a kiwi (flightless bird native to New Zealand)

See also

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Maori kiwi

Noun

kivi m (definite singular kivien, indefinite plural kiviar, definite plural kiviane)

  1. a kiwi (flightless bird native to New Zealand)

See also

References


Serbo-Croatian

Noun

kivi m (Cyrillic spelling киви)

  1. kiwi fruit

Turkish

Noun

kivi (definite accusative kivii, plural kiviler)

  1. kiwi (animal)
  2. kiwi fruit

Veps

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe.

Noun

kivi

  1. stone, rock

Inflection

Inflection of kivi
nominative sing. kivi
genitive sing. kiven
partitive sing. kived
partitive plur. kivid
singular plural
nominative kivi kived
accusative kiven kived
genitive kiven kividen
partitive kived kivid
essive-instructive kiven kivin
translative kiveks kivikš
inessive kives kiviš
elative kivespäi kivišpäi
illative ? kivihe
adessive kivel kivil
ablative kivelpäi kivilpäi
allative kivele kivile
abessive kiveta kivita
comitative kivenke kividenke
prolative kivedme kividme
approximative I kivenno kividenno
approximative II kivennoks kividennoks
egressive kivennopäi kividennopäi
terminative I ? kivihesai
terminative II kivelesai kivilesai
terminative III kivessai
additive I ? kivihepäi
additive II kivelepäi kivilepäi

Derived terms

  • kivine
  • čurukivi
  • jauhondkivi
  • mouckivi
  • olakivi
  • taivazkivi
  • kivimuru
  • kivipä
  • kivižom

References

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), камень”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Võro

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *kivi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kiwe.

Noun

kivi (genitive kivi, partitive kivvi)

  1. stone, rock
  2. mill

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.