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Webster 1913 Edition


Mask

Mask

(mȧsk)
,
Noun.
[F.
masque
, LL.
masca
,
mascha
,
mascus
; cf. Sp. & Pg.
máscara
, It.
maschera
; all fr. Ar.
maskharat
buffoon, fool, pleasantry, anything ridiculous or mirthful, fr.
sakhira
to ridicule, to laugh at. Cf.
Masque
,
Masquerade
.]
1.
A cover, or partial cover, for the face, used for disguise or protection;
as, a dancer’s
mask
; a fencer's
mask
; a ball player's
mask
.
2.
That which disguises; a pretext or subterfuge.
3.
A festive entertainment of dancing or other diversions, where all wear masks; a masquerade; hence, a revel; a frolic; a delusive show.
Bacon.
This thought might lead me through the world's vain
mask
.
Milton.
4.
A dramatic performance, formerly in vogue, in which the actors wore masks and represented mythical or allegorical characters.
5.
(Arch.)
A grotesque head or face, used to adorn keystones and other prominent parts, to spout water in fountains, and the like; – called also
mascaron
.
6.
(Fort.)
(a)
In a permanent fortification, a redoubt which protects the caponiere.
(b)
A screen for a battery.
7.
(Zool.)
The lower lip of the larva of a dragon fly, modified so as to form a prehensile organ.
Mask house
,
a house for masquerades.
[Obs.]
Death mask
,
a cast of the face of a dead person.

Mask

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Masked
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Masking
.]
1.
To cover, as the face, by way of concealment or defense against injury; to conceal with a mask or visor.
They must all be
masked
and vizarded.
Shakespeare
2.
To disguise; to cover; to hide.
Masking
the business from the common eye.
Shakespeare
3.
(Mil.)
(a)
To conceal; also, to intervene in the line of.
(b)
To cover or keep in check;
as, to
mask
a body of troops or a fortress by a superior force, while some hostile evolution is being carried out
.

Mask

,
Verb.
I.
1.
To take part as a masker in a masquerade.
Cavendish.
2.
To wear a mask; to be disguised in any way.
Shak.

Webster 1828 Edition


Mask

M`ASK

, n.
1.
A cover for the face; that which conceals the face, especially a cover with apertures for the eyes and mouth; a visor. A mask is designed to conceal the face from beholders, or to preserve the complexion from injury by exposure to the weather and the rays of the sun.
2.
That which disguises; any pretense or subterfuge.
3.
A festive entertainment of dancing or other diversions, in which the company all wear masks; a masquerade.
4.
A revel; a bustle; a piece of mummery.
This thought might lead through this world's vain mask.
5.
A dramatic performance written in a tragic style, without attention to rules or probability.
6.
In architecture, a piece of sculpture representing some grotesque form, to fill and adorn vacant places, as in friezes, panels of doors, keys of arches, &c.

M`ASK

,
Verb.
T.
To cover the face for concealment or defense against injury; to conceal with a mask or visor.
1.
To disguise; to cover; to hide.
Masking the business from the common eye.

M`ASK

,
Verb.
I.
To revel; to play the fool in masquerade.
1.
To be disguised in any way.

Definition 2023


Mask

Mask

See also: mask and mask.

Saterland Frisian

Noun

Mask m

  1. mixture; mash

Derived terms

Related terms

mask

mask

See also: Mask and mask.

English

Alternative forms

  • masque (archaic, noun, verb)

Noun

mask (plural masks)

  1. A cover, or partial cover, for the face, used for disguise or protection.
    a dancer's mask; a fencer's mask; a ball player's mask
  2. That which disguises; a pretext or subterfuge.
  3. A festive entertainment of dancing or other diversions, where all wear masks; a masquerade
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton:
      This thought might lead me through the world's vain mask.
  4. A person wearing a mask.
    • G. W. Cable
      the mask that has the arm of the Indian queen
  5. (obsolete) A dramatic performance, formerly in vogue, in which the actors wore masks and represented mythical or allegorical characters.
  6. (architecture) A grotesque head or face, used to adorn keystones and other prominent parts, to spout water in fountains, and the like; -- called also mascaron.
  7. (fortification) In a permanent fortification, a redoubt which protects the caponiere.
  8. (fortification) A screen for a battery
  9. (zoology) The lower lip of the larva of a dragonfly, modified so as to form a prehensile organ.
  10. (Puebloan, anthropology) A ceremonial object used in Puebloan kachina cults that resembles a Euro-American masks. (The term is objected as an appropriate translation by Puebloan peoples as it emphasizes imitation but ignores power and representational intent.)
  11. (computing, programming) A pattern of bits used in bitwise operations; bitmask.
  12. (computer graphics) A two-color (black and white) bitmap generated from an image, used to create transparency in the image.
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

mask (third-person singular simple present masks, present participle masking, simple past and past participle masked)

  1. (transitive) To cover, as the face, by way of concealment or defense against injury; to conceal with a mask or visor.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare, Merry Wives of Windsor, IV,vi:
      They must all be masked and vizarded
  2. (transitive) To disguise; to cover; to hide.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare, Macbeth, III-i:
      Masking the business from the common eye
  3. (transitive, military) To conceal; also, to intervene in the line of.
  4. (transitive, military) To cover or keep in check.
    to mask a body of troops or a fortess by a superior force, while some hostile evolution is being carried out
  5. (intransitive) To take part as a masker in a masquerade
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Cavendish to this entry?)
  6. (intransitive) To wear a mask; to be disguised in any way
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  7. (transitive, computing) To set or unset (certain bits, or binary digits, within a value) by means of a bitmask.
    • 1993, Richard E. Haskell, Introduction to computer engineering (page 287)
      That is, the lower nibble (the 4 bits 1010 = A) has been masked to zero. This is because ANDing anything with a zero produces a zero, while ANDing any bit with a 1 leaves the bit unchanged []
  8. (transitive, computing) To disable (an interrupt, etc.) by unsetting the associated bit.
    • 1998, Rick Grehan, ‎Robert Moote, ‎Ingo Cyliax, Real-time programming: a guide to 32-bit embedded development
      When should you mask a specific interrupt, rather than disabling all interrupts?
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English maske, from Old English max, *masc (net), from Proto-Germanic *maskwǭ (mesh, netting, mask), from Proto-Indo-European *mozgʷ-, *mezgʷ- (to knit, tie). Cognate with Dutch maas (mesh), German Masche (mesh), Icelandic möskvi (mesh).

Noun

mask (plural masks)

  1. A mesh.
  2. (Britain dialectal, Scotland) The mesh of a net; a net; net-bag.

Etymology 3

From Middle English *mask, masch, from Old English māx, māsc (mash). More at mash.

Noun

mask (plural masks)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Mash.

Verb

mask (third-person singular simple present masks, present participle masking, simple past and past participle masked)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To mash.
  2. (transitive, Britain dialectal) (brewing) To mix malt with hot water to yield wort.
  3. (Britain dialectal, Scotland) To prepare tea in a teapot; alternative to brew.

Etymology 4

From Middle English masken, short for *maskeren, malskren (to bewilder; be confused, wander). More at masker.

Verb

mask (third-person singular simple present masks, present participle masking, simple past and past participle masked)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To bewilder; confuse.

References

  1. Friedrich Kluge, “Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache” , 22. Auflage, 1989, bearbeitet von Elmar Seebold, ISBN 3-11-006800-1

Anagrams


Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish maþker, from Old Norse maðkr. Cognate with English mawk, Danish maddike and Finnish matikka.

Pronunciation

Noun

mask c

  1. worm
Declension
Inflection of mask 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mask masken maskar maskarna
Genitive masks maskens maskars maskarnas
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From French masque, from Latin masca. Details: see above, mask.

Pronunciation

Noun

mask c

  1. mask; a cover designed to disguise or protect the face
Declension
Inflection of mask 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mask masken masker maskerna
Genitive masks maskens maskers maskernas
Derived terms