Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Pike

Pike

,
Noun.
[F.
pique
; perhaps of Celtic origin; cf. W.
pig
a prick, a point, beak, Arm.
pik
pick. But cf. also L.
picus
woodpecker (see
Pie
magpie), and E.
spike
. Cf.
Pick
,
Noun.
&
Verb.
,
Peak
,
Pique
.]
1.
(Mil.)
A foot soldier’s weapon, consisting of a long wooden shaft or staff, with a pointed steel head. It is now superseded by the bayonet.
2.
A pointed head or spike; esp., one in the center of a shield or target.
Beau. & Fl.
3.
A hayfork.
[Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
Tusser.
4.
A pick.
[Prov. Eng.]
Wright. Raymond.
5.
A pointed or peaked hill.
[R.]
6.
A large haycock.
[Prov. Eng.]
Halliwell.
7.
A turnpike; a toll bar.
Dickens.
8.
(Zool.)
s
ing.
&
pl.
A large fresh-water fish (
Esox lucius
), found in Europe and America, highly valued as a food fish; – called also
pickerel
,
gedd
,
luce
, and
jack
.
Blue pike, grass pike, green pike, wall-eyed pike, and yellow pike, are names, not of true pike, but of the wall-eye. See
Wall-eye
.
Gar pike
.
See under
Gar
.
Pike perch
(Zool.)
,
any fresh-water fish of the genus
Stizostedion
(formerly
Lucioperca
). See
Wall-eye
, and
Sauger
.
Pike pole
,
a long pole with a pike in one end, used in directing floating logs.
Pike whale
(Zool.)
,
a finback whale of the North Atlantic (
Balænoptera rostrata
), having an elongated snout; – called also
piked whale
.
Sand pike
(Zool.)
,
the lizard fish.
Sea pike
(Zool.)
,
the garfish
(a)
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Pike

PIKE

,
Noun.
[This word belongs to a numerous family of words expressing something pointed, or a sharp point, or as verbs, to dart,to thrust, to prick.]
1.
A military weapon consisting of a long wooden shaft or staff, with a flat steel head pointed; called the spear. This weapon was formerly used by infantry, but its use is now limited to officers, and it is called a sponton or spontoon. Its use among soldiers is superseded by the bayonet.
2.
A fork used in husbandry; but we now use fork or pitchfork.
3.
Among turners, the iron sprigs used to fasten any thing to be turned.
4.
In ichthyology, a fish of the genus Esox, so named from its long shape or from the form of its snout. It is a fresh water fish, living in deep water and very voracious, but very palatable food.
The pike, the tyrant of the flood.

Definition 2021


Pike

Pike

See also: pike and pikë

English

Proper noun

Pike

  1. A surname of multiple origins, including Middle English pike.

Anagrams


German

Noun

Pike f (genitive Pike, plural Piken)

  1. (weaponry) pike

Declension

Derived terms

  • von der Pike auf

pike

pike

See also: Pike and pikë

English

A modern recreation of a mid-17th century company of pikemen.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -aɪk

Noun

pike (plural pikes)

  1. A very long thrusting spear used two-handed by infantry both for attacks on enemy foot soldiers and as a counter-measure against cavalry assaults. The pike is not intended to be thrown.
    • 1790, James Bruce, Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile
      Each had a small ax in the foreangle of his saddle, and a pike about fourteen feet long, the weapon with which he charged;
  2. A sharp point, such as that of the weapon.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Beaumont and Fletcher to this entry?)
  3. Any carnivorous freshwater fish of the genus Esox, especially the northern pike, Esox lucius.
  4. A turnpike.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Charles Dickens to this entry?)
  5. A pointy extrusion at the toe of a shoe, found in old-fashioned footwear.
    • 1861, The comprehensive history of England Vol. 1
      During the earlier part of this period, the long pike disappeared from the shoe, but in the later part it returned in greater longitude than ever.
    • 1904, George Nicholls, A History of the English Poor Law in Connection with the State of the Country and the Condition of the People
      Thus the statute of Edward the Fourth, which forbade the fine gentlemen of those times, under the degree of a lord, to wear pikes upon their shoes or boots of more than two inches in length, was a law that savoured of oppression, because, however ridiculous the fashion might appear, the restraining of it by pecuniary penalties would serve no purpose of common utility.
  6. (gymnastics, diving) A position with knees straight and a tight bend at the hips.
    • 2000, JG Ballard, Super-Cannes, Fourth Estate 2011, p. 167:
      She sprang into the air and jack-knifed into a clumsy pike before following her hands into the water.
    • 2008, The Sports Network (TSN), China wins first diving medal at Beijing Olympics Aug 10 2008
      Guo and Wu took a big lead after the second dive, a back dive in pike position, which the judges awarded three perfect tens for synchronization.
  7. (obsolete, Britain, dialect) A hayfork.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Tusser to this entry?)
  8. (obsolete) A pick.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)
  9. A large haycock.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

pike (third-person singular simple present pikes, present participle piking, simple past and past participle piked)

  1. (transitive) To attack, prod, or injure someone with a pike.
  2. (Australia, New Zealand, slang, often with "on" or "out") To quit or back out of a promise.
    Don't pike on me like you did last time!
    • 2002, Sylvia Lawson, How Simone De Beauvoir Died in Australia, page 151,
      —But Camus piked out, said Carole. Sartre and that lot got pissed off with him, he stood off from the war, he wouldn′t oppose it.
    • 2006, Pip Wilson, Faces in the Street: Louisa and Henry Lawson and the Castlereagh Street Push, page 543,
      Holman accepted the challenge while Norton ‘piked out’; nevertheless Holman won Cootamundra against a strong candidate.
    • 2008, Chris Pash, The Last Whale, Fremantle Press, Australia, page 36,
      If they didn′t go ahead, it would look like they had piked, backed down.
  3. (gymnastics) to close (flex) hips.

Derived terms

Etymology 2

Perhaps a special use of Etymology 1, above; or from an early Scandinavian language, compare Norwegian pik (summit).

Pronunciation

Noun

pike (plural pikes)

  1. (now Britain regional) A mountain peak or summit.

References

  1. pike” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Anagrams


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse píka, probably from Finnish.

Noun

pike f, m (definite singular pika or piken, indefinite plural piker, definite plural pikene)

  1. girl

Usage notes

Jente is the standard appellation for girl in Norwegian, however, pike may also be used observing its somewhat conservative tint.

Synonyms

Derived terms

References