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Webster 1913 Edition


Shut

Shut

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Shut
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Shutting
.]
[OE.
shutten
,
schutten
,
shetten
,
schitten
, AS.
scyttan
to shut or lock up (akin to D.
schutten
, G.
schützen
to protect), properly, to fasten with a bolt or bar
shot
across, fr. AS.
sceótan
to shoot. √159. See
Shoot
.]
1.
To close so as to hinder ingress or egress;
as, to
shut
a door or a gate; to
shut
one’s eyes or mouth.
2.
To forbid entrance into; to prohibit; to bar;
as, to
shut
the ports of a country by a blockade
.
Shall that be
shut
to man which to the beast
Is open?
Milton.
3.
To preclude; to exclude; to bar out.
Shut from every shore.”
Dryden.
4.
To fold together; to close over, as the fingers; to close by bringing the parts together;
as, to
shut
the hand; to
shut
a book.
To shut in
.
(a)
To inclose; to confine
. “The Lord shut him in.”
Cen. vii. 16.
(b)
To cover or intercept the view of; as, one point shuts in another.
To shut off
.
(a)
To exclude
.
(b)
To prevent the passage of, as steam through a pipe, or water through a flume, by closing a cock, valve, or gate.
To shut out
,
to preclude from entering; to deny admission to; to exclude;
as,
to shut out
rain by a tight roof
.
To shut together
,
to unite; to close, especially to close by welding.
To shut up
.
(a)
To close; to make fast the entrances into;
as,
to shut up
a house
.
(b)
To obstruct
. “Dangerous rocks shut up the passage.”
Sir W. Raleigh.
(c)
To inclose; to confine; to imprison; to fasten in;
as,
to shut up
a prisoner
.

Before faith came, we were kept under the law,
shut up
unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
Gal. iii. 23.
(d)
To end; to terminate; to conclude
.
When the scene of life is
shut up
, the slave will be above his master if he has acted better.
Collier.
(e)
To unite, as two pieces of metal by welding.
(f)
To cause to become silent by authority, argument, or force
.

Shut

,
Verb.
I.
To close itself; to become closed;
as, the door
shuts
; it
shuts
hard.
To shut up
,
to cease speaking.
[Colloq.]
T. Hughes.

Shut

,
Adj.
1.
Closed or fastened;
as, a
shut
door
.
2.
Rid; clear; free;
as, to get
shut
of a person
.
[Now dialectical or local, Eng. & U.S.]
L'Estrange.
3.
(Phon.)
(a)
Formed by complete closure of the mouth passage, and with the nose passage remaining closed; stopped, as are the mute consonants, p, t, k, b, d, and hard g.
H. Sweet.
(b)
Cut off sharply and abruptly by a following consonant in the same syllable, as the English short vowels, ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ, always are.

Shut

,
Noun.
The act or time of shutting; close;
as, the
shut
of a door
.
Just then returned at
shut
of evening flowers.
Milton.
2.
A door or cover; a shutter.
[Obs.]
Sir I. Newton.
3.
The line or place where two pieces of metal are united by welding.
Cold shut
,
the imperfection in a casting caused by the flowing of liquid metal upon partially chilled metal; also, the imperfect weld in a forging caused by the inadequate heat of one surface under working.

Webster 1828 Edition


Shut

SHUT

,
Verb.
T.
pretand pp. shut.
1. To close so as to hinder ingress or egress; as, to shut a door or gate; to shut the eyes or the mouth.
2. To prohibit; to bar; to forbid entrance into; as, to shut the ports of the kingdom by a blockade.
Shall that be shut to man, which to the beast
Is open? Milton.
3. To preclude; to exclude.
But shut from every shore. Dryden.
4. To close, as the fingers; to contract; as, to shut the hand.

Definition 2022


shut

shut

English

Verb

shut (third-person singular simple present shuts, present participle shutting, simple past and past participle shut)

  1. (transitive) To close, to stop from being open.
    Please shut the door.
    The light was so bright I had to shut my eyes.
  2. (intransitive) To close, to stop being open.
    If you wait too long, the automatic door will shut.
  3. (transitive or intransitive, chiefly Britain) To close a business temporarily, or (of a business) to be closed.
    The pharmacy is shut on Sunday.
  4. To preclude; to exclude; to bar out.
    • Dryden
      shut from every shore
Usage notes

Except when part of one of the derived terms listed below, almost every use of shut can be replaced by close. The reverse is not true -- there are many uses of close that cannot be replaced by shut.

Derived terms
Translations

Adjective

shut (not comparable)

  1. closed

Noun

shut (plural shuts)

  1. The act or time of shutting; close.
    the shut of a door
    • Milton
      Just then returned at shut of evening flowers.
  2. A door or cover; a shutter.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Isaac Newton to this entry?)
  3. The line or place where two pieces of metal are welded together.

Etymology 2

Variation of chute or shute (archaic, related to shoot) from Old English scēotan.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃʌt/
  • Rhymes: -ʌt

Noun

shut (plural shuts)

  1. (Britain, Shropshire dialect) A narrow alley or passage acting as a short cut through the buildings between two streets.
Synonyms

Anagrams