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Webster 1913 Edition


Single

Sin′gle

,
Adj.
[L.
singulus
, a dim. from the root in
simplex
simple; cf. OE. & OF.
sengle
, fr. L.
singulus
.
See
Simple
, and cf.
Singular
.]
1.
One only, as distinguished from more than one; consisting of one alone; individual; separate;
as, a
single
star
.
No
single
man is born with a right of controlling the opinions of all the rest.
Pope.
2.
Alone; having no companion.
Who
single
hast maintained,
Against revolted multitudes, the cause
Of truth.
Milton.
3.
Hence, unmarried;
as, a
single
man or woman
.
Grows, lives, and dies in
single
blessedness.
Shakespeare
Single
chose to live, and shunned to wed.
Dryden.
4.
Not doubled, twisted together, or combined with others;
as, a
single
thread; a
single
strand of a rope
.
5.
Performed by one person, or one on each side;
as, a
single
combat
.
These shifts refuted, answer thy appellant, . . .
Who now defles thee thrice ti
single
fight.
Milton.
6.
Uncompounded; pure; unmixed.
Simple ideas are opposed to complex, and
single
to compound.
I. Watts.
7.
Not deceitful or artful; honest; sincere.
I speak it with a
single
heart.
Shakespeare
8.
Simple; not wise; weak; silly.
[Obs.]
He utters such
single
matter in so infantly a voice.
Beau. & Fl.
Single ale
,
Single beer
, or
Single drink
,
small ale, etc., as contrasted with
double ale
, etc., which is stronger.
[Obs.]
Nares.
Single bill
(Law)
,
a written engagement, generally under seal, for the payment of money, without a penalty.
Burril.
Single court
(Lawn Tennis)
,
a court laid out for only two players.
Single-cut file
.
See the Note under 4th
File
.
Single entry
.
See under
Bookkeeping
.
Single file
.
See under 1st
File
.
Single flower
(Bot.)
,
a flower with but one set of petals, as a wild rose.
Single knot
.
See Illust. under
Knot
.
Single whip
(Naut.)
,
a single rope running through a fixed block.

Sin′gle

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Singled
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Singling
.]
1.
To select, as an individual person or thing, from among a number; to choose out from others; to separate.
Dogs who hereby can
single
out their master in the dark.
Bacon.
His blood! she faintly screamed her mind
Still
singling
one from all mankind.
More.
2.
To sequester; to withdraw; to retire.
[Obs.]
An agent
singling
itself from consorts.
Hooker.
3.
To take alone, or one by one.
Men . . . commendable when they are
singled
.
Hooker.

Sin′gle

,
Verb.
I.
To take the irrregular gait called single-foot; – said of a horse. See
Single-foot
.
Many very fleet horses, when overdriven, adopt a disagreeable gait, which seems to be a cross between a pace and a trot, in which the two legs of one side are raised almost but not quite, simultaneously. Such horses are said to
single
, or to be single-footed.
W. S. Clark.

Sin′gle

,
Noun.
1.
A unit; one;
as, to score a
single
.
2.
pl.
The reeled filaments of silk, twisted without doubling to give them firmness.
3.
A handful of gleaned grain.
[Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
4.
(Law Tennis)
A game with but one player on each side; – usually in the plural.
5.
(Baseball)
A hit by a batter which enables him to reach first base only.

Webster 1828 Edition


Single

SIN'GLE

,
Adj.
1.
Separate; one; only; individual; consisting of one only; as a single star; a single city; a single act.
2.
Particular; individual. No single man is born with a right of controlling the opinions of all the rest.
3.
Uncompounded. Simple ideas are opposed to complex, and single to compound.
4.
Alone; having no companion or assistant. Who single hast maintain'd against revolted multitudes the cause of truth.
5.
Unmarried; as a single man; a single woman.
6.
Not double; not complicated; as a single thread; a single strand of a rope.
7.
Performed with one person or antagonist on a side, or with one person only opposed to another; as a single fight; a single combat.
8.
Pure; simple; incorrupt; unbiased; having clear vision of divine truth. Matt. 6.
9.
Small; weak; silly
10.
In botany, a single flower is when there is only one on a stem, and in common usage, one not double.

Definition 2022


Single

Single

See also: single

German

Noun

Single f

  1. single (45rpm vinyl record)


This German entry was created from the translations listed at single. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see Single in the German Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) June 2009

Noun

Single m

  1. single (someone without a partner)

single

single

See also: Single

English

Adjective

single (not comparable)

  1. Not accompanied by anything else; one in number.
    • 2013 July-August, Fenella Saunders, Tiny Lenses See the Big Picture”, in American Scientist:
      The single-imaging optic of the mammalian eye offers some distinct visual advantages. Such lenses can take in photons from a wide range of angles, increasing light sensitivity. They also have high spatial resolution, resolving incoming images in minute detail. It’s therefore not surprising that most cameras mimic this arrangement.
    Can you give me a single reason not to leave right now?   The vase contained a single long-stemmed rose.
  2. Not divided in parts.
    The potatoes left the spoon and landed in a single big lump on the plate.
  3. Designed for the use of only one.
    a single room
  4. Performed by one person, or one on each side.
    a single combat
    • Milton
      These shifts refuted, answer thy appellant, [] / Who now defies thee thrice to single fight.
  5. Not married, and also not dating.
    Forms often ask if a person is single, married, divorced, or widowed. In this context, a person who is dating someone but who has never married puts "single".
    Josh put down that he was a single male on the dating website.
    • Shakespeare
      Grows, lives, and dies in single blessedness.
    • Dryden
      Single chose to live, and shunned to wed.
  6. (botany) Having only one rank or row of petals.
  7. (obsolete) Simple and honest; sincere, without deceit.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke XI:
      Therefore, when thyne eye is single: then is all thy boddy full off light. Butt if thyne eye be evyll: then shall all thy body be full of darknes?
    • Shakespeare
      I speak it with a single heart.
  8. Uncompounded; pure; unmixed.
    • I. Watts
      Simple ideas are opposed to complex, and single to compound.
    • 1867, William Greenough Thayer Shedd, Homiletics, and Pastoral Theology (page 166)
      The most that is required is, that the passage of Scripture, selected as the foundation of the sacred oration, should, like the oration itself, be single, full, and unsuperfluous in its character.
  9. (obsolete) Simple; foolish; weak; silly.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher
      He utters such single matter in so infantly a voice.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Related terms

Noun

single (plural singles)

  1. A 45 RPM vinyl record with one song on side A and one on side B.
  2. A popular song released and sold (on any format) nominally on its own though usually having at least one extra track.
    The Offspring released four singles from their most recent album.
  3. One who is not married.
    He went to the party, hoping to meet some friendly singles there.
  4. (cricket) A score of one run.
  5. (baseball) A hit in baseball where the batter advances to first base.
  6. (dominoes) A tile that has a different value (i.e. number of pips) at each end.
  7. A bill valued at $1.
    I don't have any singles, so you'll have to make change.
  8. (Britain) A one-way ticket.
  9. (Canadian football) A score of one point, awarded when a kicked ball is dead within the non-kicking team's end zone or has exited that end zone. Officially known in the rules as a rouge.
  10. (tennis, chiefly in the plural) A game with one player on each side, as in tennis.
  11. One of the reeled filaments of silk, twisted without doubling to give them firmness.
  12. (Britain, Scotland, dialect) A handful of gleaned grain.

Antonyms

  • (45rpm vinyl record): album
  • (one who is not married): married

Derived terms

Translations

See also

Verb

single (third-person singular simple present singles, present participle singling, simple past and past participle singled)

  1. To identify or select one member of a group from the others; generally used with out, either to single out or to single (something) out.
    Eddie singled out his favorite marble from the bag.
    Yvonne always wondered why Ernest had singled her out of the group of giggling girls she hung around with.
    • Francis Bacon
      dogs who hereby can single out their master in the dark
  2. (baseball) To get a hit that advances the batter exactly one base.
    Pedro singled in the bottom of the eighth inning, which, if converted to a run, would put the team back into contention.
  3. (agriculture) To thin out.
  4. (of a horse) To take the irregular gait called singlefoot.
    • W. S. Clark
      Many very fleet horses, when overdriven, adopt a disagreeable gait, which seems to be a cross between a pace and a trot, in which the two legs of one side are raised almost but not quite, simultaneously. Such horses are said to single, or to be single-footed.
  5. To sequester; to withdraw; to retire.
    • Hooker
      an agent singling itself from consorts
  6. To take alone, or one by one.
    • Hooker
      men [] commendable when they are singled

Derived terms

Translations

See also

Coefficient Noun Result
1 single singlet
2 double doublet
twin
3 triple triplet
4 quadruple quadruplet
5 quintuple
pentuple
quintuplet
pentuplet
6 sextuple
hextuple
sextuplet
hextuplet
7 septuple
heptuple
septuplet
heptuplet
8 octuple octuplet
9 nonuple nonuplet
10 decuple decuplet
11 undecuple
hendecuple
undecuplet
hendecuplet
12 duodecuple duodecuplet
13 tredecuple tredecuplet
100 centuple centuplet
many multiple multiplet

References

  • single in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  • single” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: sweet · duty · heavy · #615: single · foot · beauty · attention

Catalan

Etymology

Borrowing from English single.

Noun

single m (plural singles)

  1. single

Finnish

Etymology

Borrowing from English single.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsiŋle/
  • Hyphenation: sing‧le

Noun

single

  1. single (45 rpm record)

Declension

Inflection of single (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative single singlet
genitive singlen singlejen
partitive singleä singlejä
illative singleen singleihin
singular plural
nominative single singlet
accusative nom. single singlet
gen. singlen
genitive singlen singlejen
singleinrare
partitive singleä singlejä
inessive singlessä singleissä
elative singlestä singleistä
illative singleen singleihin
adessive singlellä singleillä
ablative singleltä singleiltä
allative singlelle singleille
essive singlenä singleinä
translative singleksi singleiksi
instructive singlein
abessive singlettä singleittä
comitative singleineen

See also


Italian

Etymology

Borrowing from English single.

Noun

single m, f (invariable)

  1. single, loner (person who lives alone and has no emotional ties)

Adjective

single (invariable)

  1. single (unmarried, not in a relationship)

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowing from English single and singles.

Noun

single m (definite singular singlen, indefinite plural singler, definite plural singlene)

  1. (music) a single (record or CD)
  2. (sports) singles (e.g. in tennis)

Synonyms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

Borrowing from English single and singles.

Alternative forms

Noun

single m (definite singular singlen, indefinite plural singlar, definite plural singlane)

  1. (music) a single (record or CD)
  2. (sports) singles (e.g. in tennis)

Synonyms

References


Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowing from English single.

Noun

single m (plural singles)

  1. single (song released on its own or with an extra track)

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowing from English single.

Noun 1

single m (plural singles)

  1. single (song released)

Noun 2

single m, f (plural singles)

  1. single, single person