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Definition 2022


平板型

平板型

Japanese

Kanji in this term
へい
Grade: 3
ばん
Grade: 3
かた > がた
Grade: 4

Noun

平板型 (hiragana へいばんがた, romaji heiban-gata)

  1. (phonetics) monotone type:
    The most common pitch accent pattern in “standard” Japanese or 標準語 (hyōjungo) as used in the mass-media, where no syllable is accented: the first syllable has low pitch and all subsequent syllables have higher, gradually lowering pitch.

Synonyms

Usage notes

All accent patterns in Japanese may be described as either 平板式 (heiban-shiki) or 起伏式 (kifuku-shiki). While 起伏式 is further divided into 頭高型 (atamadaka-gata), 中高型 (nakadaka-gata), and 尾高型 (odaka-gata), there are no subcategories to 平板式. When contrasting with 頭高型, 頭高型, or 尾高型, it is customary to use the word 平板型 to avoid the inconsistency of comparing (-gata) with (-shiki).

See also