Webster 1913 Edition
type; cf. It.
tipo, from L.
typusa figure, image, a form, type, character, Gr.
τύποσthe mark of a blow, impression, form of character, model, from the root of
τύπτεινto beat, strike; cf. Skr.
The mark or impression of something; stamp; impressed sign; emblem.
The faith they have in tennis, and tall stockings,
Short blistered breeches, and those
Short blistered breeches, and those
Form or character impressed; style; semblance.
Thy father bears the
typeof king of Naples.
A figure or representation of something to come; a token; a sign; a symbol; – correlative to antitype.
typeis no longer a
typewhen the thing typified comes to be actually exhibited.
That which possesses or exemplifies characteristic qualities; the representative.Specifically:
A general form or structure common to a number of individuals; hence, the ideal representation of a species, genus, or other group, combining the essential characteristics; an animal or plant possessing or exemplifying the essential characteristics of a species, genus, or other group. Also, a group or division of animals having a certain typical or characteristic structure of body maintained within the group.
Since the time of Cuvier and Baer . . . the whole animal kingdom has been universally held to be divisible into a small number of main divisions or
The original object, or class of objects, scene, face, or conception, which becomes the subject of a copy; esp., the design on the face of a medal or a coin.
A simple compound, used as a model or pattern to which other compounds are conveniently regarded as being related, and from which they may be actually or theoretically derived.
☞ The fundamental types used to express the simplest and most essential chemical relations are hydrochloric acid,
NH3; and methane,
A raised letter, figure, accent, or other character, cast in metal or cut in wood, used in printing.
Such letters or characters, in general, or the whole quantity of them used in printing, spoken of collectively; any number or mass of such letters or characters, however disposed.
☞ Type are mostly made by casting type metal in a mold, though some of the larger sizes are made from maple, mahogany, or boxwood. In the cut, a is theThe type which compose an ordinary book font consist of Roman
body; b, the
face, or part from which the impression is taken; c, the
shoulder, or top of the body; d, the
nick(sometimes two or more are made), designed to assist the compositor in distinguishing the bottom of the face from t`e top; e, the
groovemade in the process of finishing, – each type as cast having attached to the bottom of the body a jet, or small piece of metal (formed by the surplus metal poured into the mold), which, when broken off, leaves a roughness that requires to be removed. The fine lines at the top and bottom of a letter are technically called ceriphs, and when part of the face projects over the body, as in the letter f, the projection is called a kern.
small capitals, and lower-case letters, and Italic CAPITALS and lower-case letters, with accompanying figures, points, and reference marks, – in all about two hundred characters. Including the various modern styles of fancy type, some three or four hundred varieties of face are made. Besides the ordinary Roman and Italic , some of the most important of the varieties are –
Brilliant . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Diamond . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Pearl . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Agate . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Nonpareil . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Minion . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Brevier . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Bourgeois . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Long primer . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Small pica . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Pica . . . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
English . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Columbian . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Great primer . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Point system of type bodies
a system adopted by the type founders of the United States by which the various sizes of type have been so modified and changed that each size bears an exact proportional relation to every other size. The system is a modification of a French system, and is based on the pica body. This pica body is divided into twelfths, which are termed “points,” and every type body consist of a given number of these points. Many of the type founders indicate the new sizes of type by the number of points, and the old names are gradually being done away with. By the point system type founders cast type of a uniform size and height, whereas formerly fonts of pica or other type made by different founders would often vary slightly so that they could not be used together. There are no type in actual use corresponding to the smaller theoretical sizes of the point system. In some cases, as in that of ruby, the term used designates a different size from that heretofore so called.
1 American 9 Bourgeois
|2 Saxon 10 Long Primer
|3 Brilliant 11 Small Pica
|3½ Ruby 12 Pica
|4½ Diamond 14 English
|5 Pearl 16 Columbian
|6 Nonpareil 18 Great Primer
|8 Brevier 20 Paragon
one who casts or manufacture type.–
a place for the manufacture of type.–
an alloy used in making type, stereotype plates, etc., and in backing up electrotype plates. It consists essentially of lead and antimony, often with a little tin, nickel, or copper.–
a wheel having raised letters or characters on its periphery, and used in typewriters, printing telegraphs, etc.–
Unity of type
that fundamental agreement in structure which is seen in organic beings of the same class, and is quite independent of their habits of life.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To represent by a type, model, or symbol beforehand; to prefigure.
To furnish an expression or copy of; to represent; to typify.
typethem now in our own lives.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.The mark of something; an emblem; that which represents something else.
Thy emblem, gracious queen, the British rose,
Type of sweet rule and gentle majesty.
2.A sign; a symbol; a figure of something to come; as, Abraham's sacrifice and the paschal lamb, were types of Christ. To this word is opposed antitype. Christ, in this case, is the antitype.
3.A model or form of a letter in metal or other hard material; used in printing.
4.In medicine, the form or character of a disease, in regard to the intension and remission of fevers, pulses, &c.; the regular progress of a fever.
5.In natural history, a general form, such as is common to the species of a genus, or the individuals of a species.
6.A stamp or mark.