Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Type

Type

(tīp)
,
Noun.
[F.
type
; cf. It.
tipo
, from L.
typus
a figure, image, a form, type, character, Gr.
τύποσ
the mark of a blow, impression, form of character, model, from the root of
τύπτειν
to beat, strike; cf. Skr.
tup
to hurt.]
1.
The mark or impression of something; stamp; impressed sign; emblem.
The faith they have in tennis, and tall stockings,
Short blistered breeches, and those
types
of travel.
Shakespeare
2.
Form or character impressed; style; semblance.
Thy father bears the
type
of king of Naples.
Shakespeare
3.
A figure or representation of something to come; a token; a sign; a symbol; – correlative to antitype.
A
type
is no longer a
type
when the thing typified comes to be actually exhibited.
South.
4.
That which possesses or exemplifies characteristic qualities; the representative.
Specifically:
(a)
(Biol.)
A general form or structure common to a number of individuals; hence, the ideal representation of a species, genus, or other group, combining the essential characteristics; an animal or plant possessing or exemplifying the essential characteristics of a species, genus, or other group. Also, a group or division of animals having a certain typical or characteristic structure of body maintained within the group.
Since the time of Cuvier and Baer . . . the whole animal kingdom has been universally held to be divisible into a small number of main divisions or
types
.
Haeckel.
(b)
(Fine Arts)
The original object, or class of objects, scene, face, or conception, which becomes the subject of a copy; esp., the design on the face of a medal or a coin.
(c)
(Chem.)
A simple compound, used as a model or pattern to which other compounds are conveniently regarded as being related, and from which they may be actually or theoretically derived.
☞ The fundamental types used to express the simplest and most essential chemical relations are hydrochloric acid,
HCl
; water,
H2O
; ammonia,
NH3
; and methane,
CH4
.
5.
(Typog.)
(a)
A raised letter, figure, accent, or other character, cast in metal or cut in wood, used in printing.
(b)
Such letters or characters, in general, or the whole quantity of them used in printing, spoken of collectively; any number or mass of such letters or characters, however disposed.
☞ Type are mostly made by casting type metal in a mold, though some of the larger sizes are made from maple, mahogany, or boxwood. In the cut, a is the
body
; b, the
face
, or part from which the impression is taken; c, the
shoulder
, or top of the body; d, the
nick
(sometimes two or more are made), designed to assist the compositor in distinguishing the bottom of the face from t`e top; e, the
groove
made in the process of finishing, – each type as cast having attached to the bottom of the body a jet, or small piece of metal (formed by the surplus metal poured into the mold), which, when broken off, leaves a roughness that requires to be removed. The fine lines at the top and bottom of a letter are technically called ceriphs, and when part of the face projects over the body, as in the letter f, the projection is called a kern.
The type which compose an ordinary book font consist of Roman
CAPITALS
,
small capitals
, and lower-case letters, and Italic CAPITALS and lower-case letters, with accompanying figures, points, and reference marks, – in all about two hundred characters. Including the various modern styles of fancy type, some three or four hundred varieties of face are made. Besides the ordinary Roman and Italic , some of the most important of the varieties are –
Old English.
Black Letter.
Old Style.
French Elzevir.
Boldface.
Antique.
Clarendon.
Gothic.
Typewriter.
Script.
The smallest body in common use is diamond; then follow in order of size, pearl, agate, nonpareil, minion, brevier, bourgeois (or two-line diamond), long primer (or two-line pearl), small pica (or two-line agate), pica (or two-line nonpareil), English (or two-line minion), Columbian (or two-line brevier), great primer (or two-line bourgeois), paragon (or two-line long primer), double small pica (or two-line small pica), double pica (or two-line pica), double English (or two-line English), double great primer (or two-line great primer), double paragon (or two-line paragon), canon (or two-line double pica). Above this, the sizes are called five-line pica, six-line pica, seven-line pica, and so on, being made mostly of wood. The following alphabets show the different sizes up to great primer.
Brilliant . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Diamond . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Pearl . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Agate . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Nonpareil . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Minion . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Brevier . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Bourgeois . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Long primer . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Small pica . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Pica . . . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
English . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Columbian . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Great primer . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
The foregoing account is conformed to the designations made use of by American type founders, but is substantially correct for England. Agate, however, is called ruby, in England, where, also, a size intermediate between nonpareil and minion is employed, called emerald .
Point system of type bodies
(Type Founding)
,
a system adopted by the type founders of the United States by which the various sizes of type have been so modified and changed that each size bears an exact proportional relation to every other size. The system is a modification of a French system, and is based on the pica body. This pica body is divided into twelfths, which are termed “points,” and every type body consist of a given number of these points. Many of the type founders indicate the new sizes of type by the number of points, and the old names are gradually being done away with. By the point system type founders cast type of a uniform size and height, whereas formerly fonts of pica or other type made by different founders would often vary slightly so that they could not be used together. There are no type in actual use corresponding to the smaller theoretical sizes of the point system. In some cases, as in that of ruby, the term used designates a different size from that heretofore so called.
1 American 9 Bourgeois
|
|
1½ German
|
2 Saxon 10 Long Primer
|
|
2½ Norse
|
3 Brilliant 11 Small Pica
|
|
3½ Ruby 12 Pica
|
|
4 Excelsior
|
4½ Diamond 14 English
|
|
5 Pearl 16 Columbian
|
|
5½ Agate
|
6 Nonpareil 18 Great Primer
|
|
7 Minion
|
8 Brevier 20 Paragon
|
|
Diagram of the "points" by which sizes of Type are graduated in the "Point System".
Type founder
,
one who casts or manufacture type.
Type foundry
,
Type foundery
,
a place for the manufacture of type.
Type metal
,
an alloy used in making type, stereotype plates, etc., and in backing up electrotype plates. It consists essentially of lead and antimony, often with a little tin, nickel, or copper.
Type wheel
,
a wheel having raised letters or characters on its periphery, and used in typewriters, printing telegraphs, etc.
Unity of type
(Biol.)
,
that fundamental agreement in structure which is seen in organic beings of the same class, and is quite independent of their habits of life.
Darwin.

Type

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Typed
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Typing
.]
1.
To represent by a type, model, or symbol beforehand; to prefigure.
[R.]
White (Johnson).
2.
To furnish an expression or copy of; to represent; to typify.
[R.]
Let us
type
them now in our own lives.
Tennyson.

Webster 1828 Edition


Type

TYPE

,
Noun.
[L. typus; Gr. from the root of tap; to beat, strike, impress.]
1.
The mark of something; an emblem; that which represents something else.
Thy emblem, gracious queen, the British rose,
Type of sweet rule and gentle majesty.
2.
A sign; a symbol; a figure of something to come; as, Abraham's sacrifice and the paschal lamb, were types of Christ. To this word is opposed antitype. Christ, in this case, is the antitype.
3.
A model or form of a letter in metal or other hard material; used in printing.
4.
In medicine, the form or character of a disease, in regard to the intension and remission of fevers, pulses, &c.; the regular progress of a fever.
5.
In natural history, a general form, such as is common to the species of a genus, or the individuals of a species.
6.
A stamp or mark.

TYPE

,
Verb.
T.
To prefigure; to represent by a model or symbol beforehand. [Little used.]

Definition 2021


Type

Type

See also: type, typé, and -type

German

Noun

Type f (genitive Type, plural Typen)

  1. a type in typesetting
    Die Typen liegen im Setzkasten.
    The types are in the type case.
  2. a type of a typewriter or some kinds of printer
    Die Typen sind verklemmt.
    The types are jammed.
  3. (dated) an unspecified person referred to in a somewhat respectless way; bloke
    Was für ’ne komische Type!
    What an odd fellow!

Declension

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

  • Stenotypist
  • Typenhebel
  • Typenrad
  • Typenreiniger

References

type

type

See also: Type, typé, and -type

English

Types (character used for printing).

Noun

type (plural types)

  1. A grouping based on shared characteristics; a class.
    • 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, Gemstones”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 128:
      Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
    This type of plane can handle rough weather more easily than that type of plane.
  2. An individual considered typical of its class, one regarded as typifying a certain profession, environment, etc.
    • 2002, Pat Conroy, The Great Santini, page 4:
      "I just peeked out toward the restaurant and there are a lot of Navy types in there. I'd hate for you to get in trouble on your last night in Europe."
  3. An individual that represents the ideal for its class; an embodiment.
    • 1872, Mary Rose Godfrey, Loyal, volume 3, page 116:
      Altogether he was the type of low ruffianism — as ill-conditioned a looking brute as ever ginned a hare.
  4. (printing, countable) A letter or character used for printing, historically a cast or engraved block.
    1. (uncountable) Such types collectively, or a set of type of one font or size.
    2. (chiefly uncountable) Text printed with such type, or imitating its characteristics.
      The headline was set in bold type.
  5. (taxonomy) Something, often a specimen, selected as an objective anchor to connect a scientific name to a taxon; this need not be representative or typical.
    the type of a genus, family, etc.
  6. Preferred sort of person; sort of person that one is attracted to.
    We can't get along: he's just not my type.
    He was exactly her type.
  7. (medicine) A blood group.
  8. (theology) An event or person that prefigures or foreshadows a later event - commonly an Old Testament event linked to Christian times.
  9. (computing theory) A tag attached to variables and values used in determining which kinds of value can be used in which situations; a data type.
  10. (fine arts) The original object, or class of objects, scene, face, or conception, which becomes the subject of a copy; especially, the design on the face of a medal or a coin.
  11. (chemistry) A simple compound, used as a mode or pattern to which other compounds are conveniently regarded as being related, and from which they may be actually or theoretically derived.
    The fundamental types used to express the simplest and most essential chemical relations are hydrochloric acid, water, ammonia, and methane.
  12. (mathematics) A part of the partition of the object domain of a logical theory (which due to the existence of such partition, would be called a typed theory). (Note: this corresponds to the notion of "data type" in computing theory.)
    Categorial grammar is like a combination of context-free grammar and types.

Synonyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

Hands of a person typing.

type (third-person singular simple present types, present participle typing, simple past and past participle typed)

  1. To put text on paper using a typewriter.
  2. To enter text or commands into a computer using a keyboard.
  3. To determine the blood type of.
    The doctor ordered the lab to type the patient for a blood transfusion.
  4. To represent by a type, model, or symbol beforehand; to prefigure.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of White (Johnson) to this entry?)
  5. To furnish an expression or copy of; to represent; to typify.
    • Tennyson
      Let us type them now in our own lives.

Derived terms

Descendants

Translations

Anagrams


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: ty‧pe

Etymology

From Latin typus, from Ancient Greek τύπος (túpos, mark, impression, type), from τύπτω (túptō, I strike, beat).

Noun

type n (plural types or typen, diminutive typetje n)

  1. type: a class, someone or something from a class. The diminutive is used when made into a caricature.

Derived terms

Verb

type

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of typen

French

Etymology

Borrowed from ecclesiastical Latin typus, from Ancient Greek τύπος (túpos).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tip/

Noun

type m (plural types)

  1. type; sort, kind
  2. (colloquial) guy, bloke
  3. (typography) typeface

Adjective

type m, f (plural types)

  1. typical, normal, classic
  2. (statistics) standard

Latin

Noun

type

  1. vocative singular of typus

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Ancient Greek "typos"

Noun

type m (definite singular typen, indefinite plural typer, definite plural typene)

  1. a type (kind, sort)
  2. typeface
  3. (slang) a male person, a boy or man
  4. (slang) someone's boyfriend
    Typen til Anne.
    Anne's boyfriend.

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Ancient Greek "typos"

Noun

type m (definite singular typen, indefinite plural typar, definite plural typane)

  1. a type (kind, sort)

References