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Webster 1913 Edition


Art

Art

(ärt)
.
The second person singular, indicative mode, present tense, of the substantive verb
Be
; but formed after the analogy of the plural are, with the ending -t, as in thou shalt, wilt, orig. an ending of the second person sing. pret. Cf.
Be
. Now used only in solemn or poetical style.

Art

(ärt)
,
Noun.
[F.
art
, L.
ars
,
artis
, orig., skill in joining or fitting; prob. akin to E.
arm
,
aristocrat
,
article
.]
1.
The employment of means to accomplish some desired end; the adaptation of things in the natural world to the uses of life; the application of knowledge or power to practical purposes.
Blest with each grace of nature and of
art
.
Pope.
2.
A system of rules serving to facilitate the performance of certain actions; a system of principles and rules for attaining a desired end; method of doing well some special work; – often contradistinguished from science or speculative principles;
as, the
art
of building or engraving; the
art
of war; the
art
of navigation.
Science is systematized knowledge . . . Art is knowledge made efficient by skill.
J. F. Genung.
3.
The systematic application of knowledge or skill in effecting a desired result. Also, an occupation or business requiring such knowledge or skill.
The fishermen can’t employ their
art
with so much success in so troubled a sea.
Addison.
4.
The application of skill to the production of the beautiful by imitation or design, or an occupation in which skill is so employed, as in painting and sculpture; one of the fine arts;
as, he prefers
art
to literature
.
5.
pl.
Those branches of learning which are taught in the academical course of colleges;
as, master of
arts
.
In fearless youth we tempt the heights of
arts
.
Pope.
Four years spent in the
arts
(as they are called in colleges) is, perhaps, laying too laborious a foundation.
Goldsmith.
6.
Learning; study; applied knowledge, science, or letters.
[Archaic]
So vast is
art
, so narrow human wit.
Pope.
7.
Skill, dexterity, or the power of performing certain actions, acquired by experience, study, or observation; knack;
as, a man has the
art
of managing his business to advantage
.
8.
Skillful plan; device.
They employed every
art
to soothe . . . the discontented warriors.
Macaulay.
9.
Cunning; artifice; craft.
Madam, I swear I use no
art
at all.
Shakespeare
Animals practice
art
when opposed to their superiors in strength.
Crabb.
10.
The black art; magic.
[Obs.]
Shak.
Art and part
(Scots Law)
,
share or concern by aiding and abetting a criminal in the perpetration of a crime, whether by advice or by assistance in the execution; complicity.
☞ The arts are divided into various classes.
The useful arts
,
The mechanical arts
, or
The industrial arts
are those in which the hands and body are more concerned than the mind; as in making clothes and utensils. These are called trades.
The fine arts
are those which have primarily to do with imagination and taste, and are applied to the production of what is beautiful. They include poetry, music, painting, engraving, sculpture, and architecture; but the term is often confined to painting, sculpture, and architecture.
The liberal arts
(artes liberales, the higher arts, which, among the Romans, only freemen were permitted to pursue) were, in the Middle Ages, these seven branches of learning, – grammar, logic, rhetoric, arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy. In modern times the liberal arts include the sciences, philosophy, history, etc., which compose the course of academical or collegiate education. Hence, degrees in the arts; master and bachelor of arts.
In America, literature and the elegant
arts
must grow up side by side with the coarser plants of daily necessity.
Irving.
Syn. – Science; literature; aptitude; readiness; skill; dexterity; adroitness; contrivance; profession; business; trade; calling; cunning; artifice; duplicity. See
Science
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Art

'ART

, The second person, indicative mode, present tense, of the substantive veb am.

Definition 2021


Art

Art

See also: art, ART, árt, ärt, 'art, -art, art., and Appendix:Variations of "art"

English

Proper noun

Art

  1. A shortening of the male given name Arthur.

Anagrams


German

Etymology

From Middle High German art, from Old High German *art, from Proto-Germanic *ardiz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /(ʔ)aʁt/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /(ʔ)aːt/ (widespread, esp. northern and central Germany)

Noun

Art f (genitive Art, plural Arten)

  1. kind, sort, type
  2. (biology) species
  3. behaviour
  4. way, method
    Das ist nicht seine Art.
    That's not his way [of doing things].
  5. (grammar, of verbs) mode, mood
  6. (grammar, rare, of verbs) voice

Declension

Synonyms

  • (mode, mood): Aussageart, Aussageform, Aussageweise, Redeweise, Sprechart, Wandelweise, Weise, Modus
  • (voice): Aktionsform, Gattung, Handlungsart, Handlungsform, Handlungsrichtung, Diathese, Genus

Derived terms

Hyponyms


Manx

Etymology

From Old Irish art (bear).

Proper noun

Art m

  1. A male given name, Anglicized as Arthur.

art

art

See also: Art, ART, árt, ärt, 'art, -art, art., and Appendix:Variations of "art"

English

Noun

A painting showing many kinds of art, including literature, music, and painting itself.

art (countable and uncountable, plural arts)

Wikiquote

Wikisource

Wikibooks

  1. (uncountable) The conscious production or arrangement of sounds, colours, forms, movements, or other elements in a manner that affects the senses and emotions, usually specifically the production of the beautiful in a graphic or plastic medium.
    There is a debate as to whether graffiti is art or vandalism.
  2. (countable) Skillful creative activity, usually with an aesthetic focus.
    She's mastered the art of programming.
  3. (uncountable) The study and the product of these processes.
    He's at university to study art.
  4. (uncountable) Aesthetic value.
    Her photographs are nice, but there's no art in them.
  5. (uncountable) Artwork.
    Sotherby's regularly auctions art for millions.
  6. (countable) A field or category of art, such as painting, sculpture, music, ballet, or literature.
    I'm a great supporter of the arts.
  7. (countable) A nonscientific branch of learning; one of the liberal arts.
    • 2013 August 3, Boundary problems”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too. GDP measures the total value of output in an economic territory. Its apparent simplicity explains why it is scrutinised down to tenths of a percentage point every month.
  8. (countable) Skill that is attained by study, practice, or observation.
    • 1796, Matthew Lewis, The Monk, Folio Society 1985, page 217:
      A physician was immediately sent for; but on the first moment of beholding the corpse, he declared that Elvira's recovery was beyond the power of art.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on an afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track. The three returned wondering and charmed with Mrs. Cooke; they were sure she had had no hand in the furnishing of that atrocious house.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Quotations
  • 2005, "I tell her what Donald Hall says: that the problem with workshops is that they trivialize art by minimizing the terror." -July Harper's, Lynn Freed
  • 2009, "Visual art is a subjective understanding or perception of the viewer as well as a deliberate/conscious arrangement or creation of elements like colours, forms, movements, sounds, objects or other elements that produce a graphic or plastic whole that expresses thoughts, ideas or visions of the artist." - Extended Essay on Visual Art, Alexander Brouwer
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Related terms
  • Look at pages starting with art.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English, from Old English eart ((thou) art), second-person singular present indicative of wesan, from Proto-Germanic *ar-t ((thou) art", originally, "(thou) becamest), second-person singular preterite indicative form of *iraną (to rise, be quick, become active), from Proto-Indo-European *er-, *or(w)- (to lift, rise, set in motion). Cognate with Faroese ert (art), Icelandic ert (art), Old English earon (are), from the same preterite-present Germanic verb. More at are.

Verb

art

  1. (archaic) second-person singular simple present form of be
    How great thou art!

See also

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: I've · longer · paid · #477: art · neither · suddenly · act

Anagrams


Albanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin ars, artem.

Noun

art m (definite singular arti)

  1. art

Catalan

Noun

art m, f (plural arts)

  1. art (something pleasing to the mind)

Related terms


Cornish

Etymology

From Latin ars (art).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɒɹt]

Noun

art m (plural artys)

  1. art

Crimean Tatar

Noun

art

  1. back

Synonyms


Danish

Etymology

From Middle Low German art.

Noun

art c (singular definite arten, plural indefinite arter)

  1. kind
  2. nature
  3. species

Inflection


French

Etymology

From Latin artem, accusative singular of ars.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -aʁ

Noun

art m (plural arts)

  1. art (something pleasing to the mind)

Derived terms

Anagrams


Irish

Etymology

From Old Irish art, explained in glossaries as “stone”.

Noun

art m (genitive singular airt, nominative plural airt)

  1. stone

Declension

Derived terms

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
art n-art hart t-art
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • "art" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • art” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Latvian

Art
Art ar traktoru

Etymology

From Proto-Baltic, from Proto-Indo-European *ar-, *arə-, *h₂erh₃- (to plow), from *h₁er- (sparse; to crumble, to fall to pieces), whence also the verb irt (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian árti, Old Prussian artoys (plowman) (compare Lithuanian artójas), Old Church Slavonic орати (orati), Russian dialectal or dated ора́ть (orátʹ), Belarusian ара́ць (arácʹ), Ukrainian ора́ти (oráty), Bulgarian ора́ (orá), Czech orati, Polish orać, Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌾𐌰𐌽 (arjan), Old Norse erja, Hittite ẖarra- (to crush; (passive form) to disappear), ẖarš- (to tear open; to plow), Ancient Greek ἀρόω (aróō), Latin arō.[1]

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [âɾt]

Verb

art tr., 1st conj., pres. aru, ar, ar, past aru

  1. to plow (to prepare (land) for sowing by using a plow)
    art zemi ― to plow the land, earth
    art tīrumu, lauku ― to plow a field
    art dārzu ― to plow a garden
    art kūdraino augsni ― to plow the peaty soil
    art ar traktoru ― to plow with a tractor
    papuvi ara divi traktori ― two tractors plowed the fallow (land)
    iziet art agri no rīta ― to go plowing early in the morning
    rudenī, rugāju arot, sekoju Jurim pa vagu un sarunājos ― in autumn, while (he was) plowing the stubble field, I followed Juris along the furrows and talked

Conjugation

Derived terms

Related terms

References

  1. Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), art”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7.

Maltese

Etymology

From Arabic أَرْض (ʾarḍ).

Noun

art f

  1. earth

Middle French

Noun

art m (plural ars)

  1. art
    • 15th century, Rustichello da Pisa (original author), Mazarine Master (scribe), The Travels of Marco Polo, page 15, line 7-8:
      Il y a de toutes choses habondance, et ils vivent de marchandise et d'art.
      There is an abundance of everything and they make a living from merchandise and from art

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

art m, f (definite singular arta or arten, indefinite plural arter, definite plural artene)

  1. (biology) a species

Derived terms


Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

art m, f (definite singular arten or arta, indefinite plural artar or arter, definite plural artane or artene)

  1. (biology) a species

Derived terms


Old French

Etymology

Latin artem, accusative of ars.

Noun

art m, f

  1. art (skill; practice; method)
    • Walter of Bibbesworth: Le Tretiz, ed. W. Rothwell, ANTS Plain Texts Series 6, 1990. Date of cited text: circa 1250
      ore serroit a saver de l’art a bresser & brasyr
      Now would be the time to know the art of brewing

Descendants

  • English: art (borrowed)
  • Middle French: art

References


Old Irish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *artos (bear) (compare Cornish arth, Welsh arth), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos (bear).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ar͈t/

Noun

art m

  1. bear

Inflection

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Synonyms

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
art unchanged n-art
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

art c

  1. species

Declension

Inflection of art 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative art arten arter arterna
Genitive arts artens arters arternas

Turkish

Etymology

From Old Turkic art, from Proto-Turkic *hārt (back).

Noun

art (definite accusative artı, plural artlar)

  1. back