Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


J

J

(jā)
.
J is the tenth letter of the English alphabet. It is a later variant form of the Roman letter I, used to express a consonantal sound, that is, originally, the sound of English y in yet. The forms J and I have, until a recent time, been classed together, and they have been used interchangeably.
J is a compound vocal consonant, nearly equivalent in sound to dzh. It is exactly the same as g in gem. See Guide to Pronunciation , §§ 179, 211, 239.

Webster 1828 Edition


J

J.

This letter has been added to the English Alphabet in modern days; the letter I being written formerly in words where J is now used. It seems to have had the sound of y, in many words, as it still has in the German. The English sound of this letter may be expressed by dzh, or edzh, a compound sound coinciding exactly with that of g, in genius; the French j, with the articulation d preceding it. It is the tenth letter of the English Alphabet.

Definition 2021


J

J


J U+004A, J
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER J
I
[U+0049]
Basic Latin K
[U+004B]
See also: j and Appendix:Variations of "j"

Translingual

Letter

J upper case (lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

J

  1. (metrology) The symbol for joule, the unit of work or energy in the International System of Units
  2. jack (playing card)
  3. Archaic form of I (1).

See also

Other representations of J:


English

Alternative forms

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j, plural Js or J's)

  1. The tenth letter of the English alphabet, called jay and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • In some names beginning with "J" of northern or eastern European origin, "J" is pronounced as a "Y", for example in the former country of Jugoslavia, which in English more recently is more commonly spelled as Yugoslavia.
  • In Spanish names and loanwords beginning with "J", the "J" is usually pronounced as an "H", for example in the name Julio.

See also

Noun

J (plural Js or J's or JJ)

  1. (slang) (plural Js or J's) A marijuana cigarette. (Abbreviation of joint.)
  2. In the name of a serial publication: abbreviation of Journal.
    • 1969, The Law Commission, Family Law: Report on Financial Provision in Matrimonial Proceedings (Law Com. No. 25), London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, OCLC 634701138, paragraph 29, note 57:
      "Custody or upbringing" is regarded as including access; yet in B. v. B. & F. above no regard was paid to the welfare of the infants which was irrelevant to the particular issue with which the court was concerned—namely whether children were "children of the family". But the effect was to deprive the husband of access and it seems clear that whether or not he was the father, access could have been awarded to him in an application other than under s. 34 of the 1965 Act if the welfare of the children so demanded: [1969] Cam. L.J. [Cambridge Law Journal] 37 []
  3. (law, postnominal) (plural JJ) Abbreviation of judge or justice.
    • 1992 June 3, Chief Justice Anthony Mason; Justice Michael McHugh, Mabo v Queensland (No 2)”, in Australasian Legal Information Institute, High Court of Australia:
      In the result, six members of the Court (Dawson J. dissenting) are in agreement that the common law of this country recognizes a form of native title which, in the cases where it has not been extinguished, reflects the entitlement of the indigenous inhabitants, in accordance with their laws or customs, to their traditional lands and that, subject to the effect of some particular Crown leases, the land entitlement of the Murray Islanders in accordance with their laws or customs is preserved, as native title, under the law of Queensland. The main difference between those members of the Court who constitute the majority is that, subject to the operation of the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth), neither of us nor Brennan J. agrees with the conclusion to be drawn from the judgments of Deane, Toohey and Gaudron JJ. that, at least in the absence of clear and unambiguous statutory provision to the contrary, extinguishment of native title by the Crown by inconsistent grant is wrongful and gives rise to a claim for compensatory damages.
  4. (Britain, road transport) Abbreviation of junction.
    The Highways Agency plan to close J10 of the M5 to refurbish the motorway bridge.

Related terms

  • CJ (law)

References


American Sign Language

Letter

(Stokoe J)

  1. The letter J

Azeri

Letter

J upper case (lower case j)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /jeː/

Letter

J (capital, lowercase j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: I
  • Next letter: K

Esperanto

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called jo or je and written in the Latin script.

See also


Finnish

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called jii and written in the Latin script.

See also


German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jɔt/

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the German alphabet.

Symbol

J

  1. (chemistry) The chemical symbol of iodine.
  2. (card games) A jack, also called Junge.

Ido

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʒ/

Letter

J (lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Pronunciation

  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /iˈlunɡa/
  • (phonetic realization) IPA(key): [j], [ʒ], [dʒ] (varies according to the source language of the borrowed term)

Letter

J m, f (invariable, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Latin alphabet, called i lunga in Italian.

Usage notes

  • The letter J is not considered part of the Italian alphabet. It is found in loanwords and in Latinisms, where it is a variant of the letter I.

See also


Latin

In Latin, the letter J is a modern typographical convention for the consonant form of I. The letter I in ancient times represented either a vowel or a consonant, see I for more information.

Pronunciation

  • Classical: IPA(key): /j/

Letter

J

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

References


Latvian

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [j]

Letter

J

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Pronunciation

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [d͡ʒe]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [d͡ʒ]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [t͡ʃ]

Letter

J

  1. The tenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Portuguese

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʒe/

Letter

J (capital, lowercase j)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /ʒ/. Preceded by Î and followed by K.

Saanich

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃʼ/

Letter

J

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ʝ/

Letter

J (lower case j)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Slovene

Letter

J (capital, lowercase j)

  1. The 11th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by I and followed by K.

Somali

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /tʃ/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /tʃæ/

Letter

J upper case (lower case j)

  1. The fourth letter of the Somali alphabet, called ja and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  1. The fourth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by T and followed by X.

See also


Spanish

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Turkish

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called je and written in the Latin script.

See also

j

j


j U+006A, j
LATIN SMALL LETTER J
i
[U+0069]
Basic Latin k
[U+006B]
See also: J, յ, and Appendix:Variations of "j"

Translingual

Letter

j lower case (upper case J)

  1. The tenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation

Symbol

j

  1. (IPA) palatal approximant
  2. (pharmacy, obsolete) one
    j
    one ounce
  3. (physics) imaginary unit

See also

Other representations of J:


English

Letter

j (lower case, upper case J, plural j's)

  1. The tenth letter of the English alphabet, called jay and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • In Spanish language loanwords and names, "j" is pronounced as an "h", for example in fajita and Julio.
  • The name of this letter is spelled jay or jy (formerly and in Scotland), plural jays

See also

Noun

j (plural js)

  1. (slang) A term for a marijuana cigarette ('joint').
    "I went outside to smoke myself a J" Paul Simon, from the song "Late in the Evening" from the album, "One Trick Pony."
  2. (mathematics) An alternative version of i, the positive square root of -1; used in the context of electronics.
  3. (mathematics) The second unit vector, after i

Azeri

Letter

j lower case (upper case J)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eː
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /jeː/

Letter

j (lower case, upper case J)

  1. The tenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: i
  • Next letter: k

Esperanto

Pronunciation

Letter

j (lower case, upper case J)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called jo and written in the Latin script.

See also


Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /j/

Letter

j (upper case J)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Faroese alphabet, called jodd and written in the Latin script.

See also


Ido

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʒ/

Letter

j (upper case J)

  1. The tenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Noun

j m, f (invariable)

  1. See under J

Latvian

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [j]

Letter

J

j (lower case, upper case J)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also


Livonian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /j/

Letter

j (upper case J)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Letter

j (lower case, upper case J)

  1. The tenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Portuguese

Pronunciation

Letter

j (lower case, upper case J)

  1. The tenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʒe/

Letter

j (lowercase, capital J)

  1. The tenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

  • (uppercase): J

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /j/

Letter

j (Cyrillic spelling ј)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Albanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ʝ/

Letter

j (upper case J)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Spanish

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /x/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /'xota/

Letter

j (lower case, upper case J)

  1. The tenth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Turkish

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ʒ/

Letter

j (lower case, upper case J)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called je and written in the Latin script.

See also


Turkmen

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /d͡ʒ/

Letter

j (upper case J)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called je and written in the Latin script.

See also