Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


D

D

(dē)
1.
The fourth letter of the English alphabet, and a vocal consonant. The English letter is from Latin, which is from Greek, which took it from Phœnician, the probable ultimate origin being Egyptian. It is related most nearly to t and th;
as, Eng. deep, G. tief; Eng. daughter, G. tochter, Gr.
θυγάτηρ
, Skr. duhitr
. See Guide to Pronunciation, √178, 179, 229.
2.
(Mus.)
The nominal of the second tone in the model major scale (that in C), or of the fourth tone in the relative minor scale of C (that in A minor), or of the key tone in the relative minor of F.
3.
As a numeral D stands for 500. in this use it is not the initial of any word, or even strictly a letter, but one half of the sign [GREEK] (or [GREEK] ) the original Tuscan numeral for 1000.

Definition 2019


D

D


D U+0044, D
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D
C
[U+0043]
Basic Latin E
[U+0045]
See also: Appendix:Variations of "d"

Translingual

Etymology 1

From Etruscan 𐌃 (D), from Greek Δ (D, Delta), from Phoenician 𐤃 (D, dalet).

Letter

D upper case (lower case d)

  1. The fourth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also

Etymology 2

A simplification of Ð under the graphic influence of the letter D, from a standardization of Ɔ superposed on a ⋌ or ⊢, from the practice of circling each hundredth ⋌ (now Roman numeral V), the tally stick notch mark representing five.

Numeral

D (upper case Roman numeral, lower case d)

  1. (mathematics) cardinal number five hundred (500).

Etymology 3

  • (chemistry, deuterium): abbreviation of deuterium
  • (computing, hexadecimal 13): From its position as the thirteenth element of the series {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F}
  • (Germany): abbreviation of German word Deutschland (Germany)

Symbol

D

  1. (chemistry) Deuterium, when it needs to be distinguished from ordinary hydrogen.
  2. (computing) Hexadecimal symbol for thirteen.
  3. A standard size of dry cell battery larger than C.
  4. Vehicle-distinguishing sign for Germany.
  5. (biochemistry) IUPAC one-letter abbreviation for aspartic acid.
  6. (mathematics) The differential operator in calculus and analysis.

See also

Other representations of D:


English

Pronunciation

  • Letter name: IPA(key): /diː/
  • Rhymes: -iː
  • Phoneme: IPA(key): /d/

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d, plural Ds or D's)

  1. The fourth letter of the English alphabet, called dee and written in the Latin script.

See also

Number

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The ordinal number fourth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called dee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

Various abbreviations

Abbreviation

D

  1. Defense.
  2. (US, politics) Democrat, especially preceding the constituent location.
    D-New York
  3. Divorced.
  4. Down (direction).
  5. Drive, the setting of an automatic transmission.
  6. (printing) Duodecimo, as adopted by the American Library Association.
  7. Dutch language.
  8. (with “The”) The City of Detroit.
  9. (euphemistic) Dick; ****.
    She wants the D!
  10. (electronics) Data.
  11. (Unicode) Canonical Decomposition
  12. (euphemistic) Damn
    • 1878, W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan, "I am the Captain of the Pinafore", H.M.S. Pinafore
      CAPTAIN. I never use a big, big DALL. What, never? CAPTAIN. No, never! ALL. What, never? CAPTAIN. Hardly ever! ALL. Hardly ever swears a big, big D
See also
Derived terms
References

Etymology 3

From the shape of the upper case letter "D"

Noun

D (plural Ds)

  1. (snooker) The semicircle on the baulk line, inside which the cue ball must be placed at a break-off.

Etymology 4

From the position (4) of the letter D in the English alphabet.

Noun

D (plural Ds)

  1. a grade awarded for a class, better than outright failure (which can be F or E depending on the institution) and worse than a C

Proper noun

D

  1. (computer languages) A programming language inspired from C++.

American Sign Language

Letter

(Stokoe D)

  1. The letter D

Azeri

Letter

D upper case (lower case d)

  1. The fifth letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Chinese

Pronunciation

Noun

D

  1. (Cantonese, nonstandard) Alternative spelling of

Suffix

D

  1. (Cantonese, nonstandard) Alternative spelling of

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /deː/

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The fourth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /do/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /d/

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The fifth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called do and written in the Latin script.

See also


Finnish

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The fourth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called dee and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used only in loanwords except for the weak grade of t.

See also


German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /deː/

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The fourth letter of the German alphabet, written in the Latin script.

German Sign Language

Etymology

Related to the French Sign Language sign for "D".

Production

This one-handed GSL sign is produced as follows:

  • Posture the dominant hand in the “D” shape.

Letter

  1. the letter D

Hungarian

Compass rose

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈdeːl]

Noun

D (plural D-ek)

  1. s. (south). Abbreviation of dél (south).

Declension

The declined forms below are used only in writing. When speaking, the declined forms of the full word should be used, as shown at dél.

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative D D-ek
accusative D-et D-eket
dative D-nek D-eknek
instrumental D-lel D-ekkel
causal-final D-ért D-ekért
translative D-lé D-ekké
terminative D-ig D-ekig
essive-formal D-ként D-ekként
essive-modal
inessive D-ben D-ekben
superessive D-en D-eken
adessive D-nél D-eknél
illative D-be D-ekbe
sublative D-re D-ekre
allative D-hez D-ekhez
elative D-ből D-ekből
delative D-ről D-ekről
ablative D-től D-ektől
Possessive forms of D
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. D-em D-eim
2nd person sing. D-ed D-eid
3rd person sing. D-e D-ei
1st person plural D-ünk D-eink
2nd person plural D-etek D-eitek
3rd person plural D-ük D-eik

See also


Ido

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d/

Letter

D (lower case d)

  1. The fourth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Pronunciation

  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /di/
  • Homophones: di, , di'
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /d/

Letter

D m, f (invariable, lower case d)

  1. The fourth letter of the Italian alphabet, called di and written in the Latin script.

See also


Latvian

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [d]

Letter

D

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The sixth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Pronunciation

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [di]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [d]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [t̚]

Letter

D

  1. The fourth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Portuguese

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The fourth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Noun

D m

  1. Abbreviation of dom. (as a title)

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /de/

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The sixth letter of the Romanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Saanich

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tʼ/

Letter

D

  1. The eighth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /d/

Letter

D (lower case d)

  1. The eighth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Slovene

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The fifth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Somali

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /d/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /deːl/

Letter

D upper case (lower case d)

  1. The seventh letter of the Somali alphabet, called deel and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  1. The seventh letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by KH and followed by R.

See also


Spanish

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The fourth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Turkish

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The fifth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called de and written in the Latin script.

See also


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [z̻e˧˧/, /ˀɗe˧˧/, /z̻əːɰ˨˩]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [jej˧˧/, /ˀɗej˧˧/, /jəːɰ˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [jej˧˥/, /ˀɗej˧˥/, /jəːɰ˨˩]
  • Phonetic: dê, đê, dờ

Letter

D (upper case, lower case d)

  1. The sixth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called , đê or dờ and written in the Latin script.

See also

d

d


d U+0064, d
LATIN SMALL LETTER D
c
[U+0063]
Basic Latin e
[U+0065]
See also: D, d', and Appendix:Variations of "d"

Translingual

Etymology 1

Modification of capital letter D, from Ancient Greek letter Δ (D, Delta).

Letter

d lower case (upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

Usage notes

The letter d is used in the alphabets of many languages, and in several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent the voiced alveolar plosive (/d/). In some languages and transcription systems where unaspirated stops contrast with aspirated stops, d represents an unaspirated /t/, while t represents an aspirated /tʰ/.

See also

Etymology 2

Lower case form of upper case roman numeral D, a standardization of D or Ð, from tally stick markings resembling a superimposed Ɔ and , from the practice of encircling each hundredth notch.

Alternative forms

Numeral

d (lower case Roman numeral, uper case D)

  1. cardinal number five hundred (500).
Usage notes

With a bar over the numeral, i.e., as d, it represents five hundred thousand (500,000).

See also
  • Lesser roman numeral symbol: c (100)
  • Greater roman numeral symbol: m (1000)
  • Roman numerals

Etymology 3

Pronunciation

Symbol

d

  1. (mathematics) the (path-independent, exact) differential of a quantity
  2. (IPA) voiced alveolar plosive

See also

  • (mathematics): δ

Other representations of D:


English

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɖiː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɖ/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɖ/

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D, plural d's)

  1. The fourth letter of the English alphabet, called dee and written in the Latin script.

See also

Derived terms

Number

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The ordinal number fourth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called dee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

  • (died, death): abbreviation of
  • (British penny; old penny): abbreviation of Latin denarii, the name of the corresponding Roman coin.
  • (dice): abbreviation of dice

Abbreviation

d

  1. died, death.
    William Shakespeare, d 1616
  2. (cricket) declared; also abbreviated as dec

Symbol

d

  1. (until February 1971) a British penny; an old penny (the modern decimal penny being abbreviated p).
    £sd — “pounds, shillings and pence”
  2. (dice games, infix) dice to use in a diceroll
    2d6 — “the sum of the roll of two six-sided dice”
  3. penny, a measure of the size of nails

Alemannic German

Article

d f

  1. (definite) the
    • 1978, Rolf Lyssey and Christa Maerker, Die Schweizermacher (transcript):
      Di nöchscht rächts. Mir fared i d’Fäldschtrass.
      The next right. We'll drive down Feldstrasse.

d pl

  1. (definite) the

Declension

Alemannic German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative/Accusative de
dr (Bern)
d s
ds (Bern)
d
Dative em der em de
  • Masculine nominative/accusative singular de has the form der before a vowel, e.g. der alt Maa ‘the old man’
  • Dative plural de has the form den before a vowel, e.g. den alte Fraue ‘(to) the old women’
  • Feminine singular d and plural d have the variant di before an adjective, e.g. di jung Mueter ‘the young mother’

Azeri

Letter

d lower case (upper case D)

  1. The fifth letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Chinese

Pronunciation

Noun

d

  1. (Cantonese, nonstandard) Alternative spelling of

Suffix

d

  1. (Cantonese, nonstandard) Alternative spelling of

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eː
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /deː/

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • Previous letter: c
  • Next letter: e

Esperanto

Pronunciation

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The fifth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called do and written in the Latin script.

See also


Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /t/

Letter

d (upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Fijian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /nd/

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the Fijian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


French

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Volume I, Chapter II:
      [À] peine les petits oiseaux nuancés de mille couleurs avaient-ils salué des harpes de leurs langues, dans une douce et mielleuse harmonie, la venue de l’aurore au teint de rose, ... que le fameux chevalier don Quichotte de la Manche ... prit sa route à travers l’antique et célèbre plaine de Montiel.
      [S]carce had the little birds shaded of a thousand colours hailed from the harps of their tongues, in a soft and mellifluous harmony, the coming of the pink-tinted dawn, ... when the famous knight Don Quixote of La Mancha ... took his route across the ancient and famous Campo de Montiel.

Ido

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d/

Letter

d (upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Noun

d m, f (invariable)

  1. See under D

Latvian

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [d]

Letter

D

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The sixth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also


Livonian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /d̪/

Letter

d (upper case D)

  1. The sixth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Norwegian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /deː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /d/, /ɖ/*
  • Homophone: det

Letter

d

  1. The fourth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Retroflex, merge of rd.

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Noun

d m

  1. Abbreviation of dom. (as a title)

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /de/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /d/

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The sixth letter of the Romanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • Previous letter: c
  • Next letter: e

Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

  • (uppercase): D

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /d/

Letter

d (Cyrillic spelling д)

  1. The 6th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by ć and followed by .


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /d/

Letter

d (upper case D)

  1. The eighth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Spanish

Pronunciation

  • (Phoneme) IPA(key): /d/, /ð̞/
  • (Letter) IPA(key): /de/

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Swedish

Pronoun

d

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of det (it).

Article

d

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of det (the).

Turkish

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The fifth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called de and written in the Latin script.

See also


Turkmen

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /d/

Letter

d (upper case D)

  1. The fourth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called de and written in the Latin script.

See also


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): (north) IPA(key): /z/, (south) IPA(key): /j/

Letter

d (lower case, upper case D)

  1. The letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, written in the Latin script.