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Webster 1913 Edition


Fair

Fair

(fâr)
,
Adj.
[
Com
par.
Fairer
;
sup
erl.
Fairest
.]
[OE.
fair
,
fayer
,
fager
, AS.
fæger
; akin to OS. & OHG.
fagar
, Icel.
fagr
, Sw.
fager
, Dan.
faver
, Goth.
fagrs
fit, also to E.
fay
, G.
fügen
, to fit.
fegen
to sweep, cleanse, and prob. also to E.
fang
,
peace
,
pact
, Cf.
Fang
,
Fain
,
Fay
to fit.]
1.
Free from spots, specks, dirt, or imperfection; unblemished; clean; pure.
A
fair
white linen cloth.
Book of Common Prayer.
2.
Pleasing to the eye; handsome; beautiful.
Who can not see many a
fair
French city, for one
fair
French made.
Shakespeare
3.
Without a dark hue; light; clear;
as, a
fair
skin
.
The northern people large and
fair
-complexioned.
Sir M. Hale.
4.
Not overcast; cloudless; clear; pleasant; propitious; favorable; – said of the sky, weather, or wind, etc.;
as, a
fair
sky; a
fair
day.
You wish
fair
winds may waft him over.
Prior.
5.
Free from obstacles or hindrances; unobstructed; unincumbered; open; direct; – said of a road, passage, etc.;
as, a
fair
mark; in
fair
sight; a
fair
view.
The caliphs obtained a mighty empire, which was in a fair way to have enlarged.
Sir W. Raleigh.
6.
(Shipbuilding)
Without sudden change of direction or curvature; smooth; flowing; – said of the figure of a vessel, and of surfaces, water lines, and other lines.
7.
Characterized by frankness, honesty, impartiality, or candor; open; upright; free from suspicion or bias; equitable; just; – said of persons, character, or conduct;
as, a
fair
man;
fair
dealing; a
fair
statement.
“I would call it fair play.”
Shak.
8.
Pleasing; favorable; inspiring hope and confidence; – said of words, promises, etc.
When
fair
words and good counsel will not prevail on us, we must be frighted into our duty.
L’ Estrange.
9.
Distinct; legible;
as,
fair
handwriting
.
10.
Free from any marked characteristic; average; middling;
as, a
fair
specimen
.
The news is very
fair
and good, my lord.
Shakespeare
Syn. – Candid; open; frank; ingenuous; clear; honest; equitable; impartial; reasonable. See
Candid
.

Fair

,
adv.
Clearly; openly; frankly; civilly; honestly; favorably; auspiciously; agreeably.
Fair and square
,
justly; honestly; equitably; impartially.
[Colloq.]
To bid fair
.
See under
Bid
.
To speak fair
,
to address with courtesy and frankness.
[Archaic]

Fair

,
Noun.
1.
Fairness, beauty.
[Obs.]
Shak.
2.
A fair woman; a sweetheart.
I have found out a gift for my
fair
.
Shenstone.
3.
Good fortune; good luck.
Now
fair
befall thee !
Shakespeare
The fair
,
anything beautiful; women, collectively.
“For slander's mark was ever yet the fair.”
Shak.

Fair

,
Verb.
T.
1.
To make fair or beautiful.
[Obs.]
Fairing
the foul.
Shakespeare
2.
(Shipbuilding)
To make smooth and flowing, as a vessel's lines.

Fair

,
Noun.
[OE.
feire
, OF.
feire
, F.
foire
, fr. L.
fariae
, pl., days of rest, holidays, festivals, akin to
festus
festal. See
Feast
.]
1.
A gathering of buyers and sellers, assembled at a particular place with their merchandise at a stated or regular season, or by special appointment, for trade.
2.
A festival, and sale of fancy articles. erc., usually for some charitable object;
as, a Grand Army
fair
; a church
fair
.
3.
A competitive exhibition of wares, farm products, etc., not primarily for purposes of sale;
as, the Mechanics'
fair
; an agricultural
fair
.
After the fair
,
Too late.
[Colloq.]

Webster 1828 Edition


Fair

FAIR

, a.
1.
Clear; free from spots; free from a dark hue; white; as a fair skin; a fair complexion. hence,
2.
Beautiful; handsome; properly, having a handsome face.
Thou art a fair woman to look upon. Gen. 12. Hence,
3.
Pleasing to the eye; handsome or beautiful in general.
Thus was be fair in his greatness, in the length of his branches. Ezek. 31.
4.
Clear; pure; free from feculence or extraneous matter; as fair water.
5.
Clear; not cloudy or overcast; as fair weather; a fair sky.
6.
Favorable; prosperous; blowing in a direction towards the place of destination; as a fair wind at sea.
7.
Open; direct, as a way or passage. You are in a fair way to promotion. hence, likely to succeed. he stands as fair to succeed as any man.
8.
Open to attack or access; unobstructed; as a fair mark; a fair butt; fair in sight; in fair sight; a fair view.
9.
Open; frank; hones; hence, equal; just; equitable. My friend is a fair man; his offer is fair; his propositions are fair and honorable.
10.
Not effected by insidious or unlawful methods; not foul.
He died a fair and natural death.
11.
Frank; candid; not sophistical or insidious; as a fair disputant.
12.
Honest; honorable; mild; opposed to insidious and compulsory; as, to accomplish a thing by fair means.
13.
Frank; civil; pleasing; not harsh.
When fair words and good counsel will not prevail on us, we must be frighted into our duty.
14.
Equitable; just; erited.
His doom is fair,
That dust I am, and shall to dust return.
15.
Liberal; not narrow; as a fair livelihood.
16.
Plain; legible; as, the letter is written in a fair hand.
17.
Free from stain or blemish; unspotted; untarnished; as a fair character or fame.

FAIR

,
adv.
1.
Openly; frankly; civilly; complaisantly.
One of the company spoke him fair.
2.
Candidly; honestly; equitably; He promised fair.
3.
Happily; successfully.
Now fair befall thee.
4.
On good terms; as, to keep fair with the world; to stand fair with one's companions.
To bid fair, is to be likely, or to have a fair prospect.
Fair and square, just dealing; honesty.

FAIR

,
Noun.
1.
Elliptically, a fair woman; a handsome female. The fair, the female sex.
2.
Fairness; applied to things or persons. [Not used.]

FAIR

,
Noun.
[L. forum, or feriae, a holiday, a day exempt from labor; Gr. to trade, whence, emporium, the primary sense of which is to pass.]
A stated market in a particular town or city; a stated meeting of buyers and sellers for trade. A fair is annual or more frequent. The privilege of holding fairs is granted by the king or supreme power. Among the most celebrated fairs in Europe are those of Frankfort and Leipsic in Germany; of Novi in the Milanese; of Riga and Archangel in Russia; of Lyons and St. Germain in France. In Great Britain many towns enjoy this privilege.

Definition 2023


Fair

Fair

See also: fair, fáir, and fair-

Welsh

Proper noun

Fair f

  1. Soft mutation of Mair.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
Mair Fair unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

fair

fair

See also: Fair, fáir, and fair-

English

Adjective

fair (comparative fairer, superlative fairest)

  1. (literary or archaic) Beautiful, of a pleasing appearance, with a pure and fresh quality.
    Monday's child is fair of face.
    There was once a knight who wooed a fair young maid.
    • 1460-1500, The Towneley Playsː
      He is so fair, without lease, he seems full well to sit on this.
    • 1917, Edgar Rice Burroughs, A Princess of Mars, HTML edition, The Gutenberg Project, published 2008:
      "It was a purely scientific research party sent out by my father's father, the Jeddak of Helium, to rechart the air currents, and to take atmospheric density tests," replied the fair prisoner, in a low, well-modulated voice.
    • 2010, Stephan Grundy, Beowulf (Fiction), iUniverse, ISBN 9781440156977, page 33:
      And yet he was also, though many generations separated them, distant cousin to the shining eoten-main Geard, whom the god Frea Ing had seen from afar and wedded; and to Scatha, the fair daughter of the old thurse Theasa, who had claimed a husband from among the gods as weregild for her father's slaying: often, it was said, the ugliest eotens would sire the fairest maids.
  2. Unblemished (figuratively or literally); clean and pure; innocent.
    one's fair name
    After scratching out and replacing various words in the manuscript, he scribed a fair copy to send to the publisher.
    • Book of Common Prayer
      a fair white linen cloth
  3. Light in color, pale, particularly as regards skin tone but also referring to blond hair.
    She had fair hair and blue eyes.
  4. Just, equitable.
    He must be given a fair trial.
    • 1915, Emerson Hough, The Purchase Price, chapterI:
      “[…] it is not fair of you to bring against mankind double weapons! Dangerous enough you are as woman alone, without bringing to your aid those gifts of mind suited to problems which men have been accustomed to arrogate to themselves.”
  5. Adequate, reasonable, or decent.
    The patient was in a fair condition after some treatment.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 3, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      My hopes wa'n't disappointed. I never saw clams thicker than they was along them inshore flats. I filled my dreener in no time, and then it come to me that 'twouldn't be a bad idee to get a lot more, take 'em with me to Wellmouth, and peddle 'em out. Clams was fairly scarce over that side of the bay and ought to fetch a fair price.
  6. (nautical, of a wind) Favorable to a ship's course.
  7. Not overcast; cloudless; clear; pleasant; propitious; said of the sky, weather, or wind, etc.
    a fair sky; a fair day
    • Matthew Prior (1664-1721)
      You wish fair winds may waft him over.
  8. Free from obstacles or hindrances; unobstructed; unencumbered; open; direct; said of a road, passage, etc.
    a fair mark; in fair sight; a fair view
    • Sir Walter Raleigh (ca.1554-1618)
      The caliphs obtained a mighty empire, which was in a fair way to have enlarged.
  9. (shipbuilding) Without sudden change of direction or curvature; smooth; flowing; said of the figure of a vessel, and of surfaces, water lines, and other lines.
  10. (baseball) Between the baselines.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

fair (plural fair)

  1. Something which is fair (in various senses of the adjective).
    When will we learn to distinguish between the fair and the foul?
  2. (obsolete) A woman, a member of the ‘fair sex’; also as a collective singular, women.
    • 1744, Georg Friedrich Händel, Hercules, act 2, scene 8
      Love and Hymen, hand in hand,
      Come, restore the nuptial band!
      And sincere delights prepare
      To crown the hero and the fair.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 39:
      In enjoying, therefore, such place of rendezvous, the British fair ought to esteem themselves more happy than any of their foreign sisters []
    • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, III.24:
      If single, probably his plighted Fair / Has in his absence wedded some rich miser [...].
  3. (obsolete) Fairness, beauty.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  4. A fair woman; a sweetheart.
    • Shenstone
      I have found out a gift for my fair.
  5. (obsolete) Good fortune; good luck.
    • Shakespeare
      Now fair befall thee!

Verb

fair (third-person singular simple present fairs, present participle fairing, simple past and past participle faired)

  1. To smoothen or even a surface (especially a connection or junction on a surface).
  2. To bring into perfect alignment (especially about rivet holes when connecting structural members).
  3. To construct or design a structure whose primary function is to produce a smooth outline or reduce air drag or water resistance.
  4. (obsolete) To make fair or beautiful.
    • Shakespeare
      Fairing the foul.
Synonyms
  • (to reduce air drag or water resistance): to streamline
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

fair (comparative more fair or fairer, superlative most fair or fairest)

  1. Clearly; openly; frankly; civilly; honestly; favorably; auspiciously; agreeably.
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Old French feire, from Latin fēriae.

Noun

fair (plural fairs)

  1. A community gathering to celebrate and exhibit local achievements.
  2. An event for public entertainment and trade, a market.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The turmoil went onno rest, no peace. […] It was nearly eleven o'clock now, and he strolled out again. In the little fair created by the costers' barrows the evening only seemed beginning; and the naphtha flares made one's eyes ache, the men's voices grated harshly, and the girls' faces saddened one.
  3. An event for professionals in a trade to learn of new products and do business.
  4. A funfair, an amusement park.
Derived terms
Translations

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: bad · forward · remember · #519: fair · blood · copyright · late

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [fɛːɐ̯]

Etymology

From English fair.

Adjective

fair (not comparable)

  1. just, equitable, adequate, honest, in good spirit
    ein faires Spiel
    Es ist nur fair, auch wenn alle gleich schlecht behandelt werden.

Declension

Antonyms

Synonyms

Derived terms

  • Fairness, alternative Fairneß
  • fair spielen, fair play, Fairplay
  • fair-use-Doktrin

Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [fˠaɾʲ]

Verb

fair (present analytic faireann, future analytic fairfidh, verbal noun faire, past participle fairthe)

  1. to watch

Conjugation

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fair fhair bhfair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.