Webster 1913 Edition
[F., fr. L.
radicalishaving roots, fr.
-icis, a root. See
Of or pertaining to the root; proceeding directly from the root.
Hence: Of or pertaining to the root or origin; reaching to the center, to the foundation, to the ultimate sources, to the principles, or the like; original; fundamental; thorough-going; unsparing; extreme;
The most determined exertions of that authority, against them, only showed their
Belonging to, or proceeding from, the root of a plant;
radicaltubers or hairs
Proceeding from a rootlike stem, or one which does not rise above the ground;
radicalleaves of the dandelion and the sidesaddle flower
Relating, or belonging, to the root, or ultimate source of derivation;
Of or pertaining to a radix or root;
radicalsign. See below.
Radical axis of two circles.
the pitch or tone with which the utterance of a syllable begins.
a quantity to which the radical sign is prefixed; specifically, a quantity which is not a perfect power of the degree indicated by the radical sign; a surd.–
the sign √ (originally the letter r, the initial of radix, root), placed before any quantity, denoting that its root is to be extracted; thus, √a, or √(a + b). To indicate any other than the square root, a corresponding figure is placed over the sign; thus, ∛a, indicates the third or cube root of a.–
force of utterance falling on the initial part of a syllable or sound.–
minute vessels which originate in the substance of the tissues.
Syn. – Primitive; original; natural; underived; fundamental; entire.
Entire. These words are frequently employed as interchangeable in describing some marked alteration in the condition of things. There is, however, an obvious difference between them. A radical cure, reform, etc., is one which goes to the root of the thing in question; and it is entire, in the sense that, by affecting the root, it affects in an appropriate degree the entire body nourished by the root; but it may not be entire in the sense of making a change complete in its nature, as well as in its extent. Hence, we speak of a radical change; a radical improvement; radical differences of opinion; while an entire change, an entire improvement, an entire difference of opinion, might indicate more than was actually intended. A certain change may be both radical and entire, in every sense.
A primitive word; a radix, root, or simple, underived, uncompounded word; an etymon.
A primitive letter; a letter that belongs to the radix.
The words we at present make use of, and understand only by common agreement, assume a new air and life in the understanding, when you trace them to their
radicals, where you find every word strongly stamped with nature; full of energy, meaning, character, painting, and poetry.
One who advocates radical changes in government or social institutions, especially such changes as are intended to level class inequalities; – opposed to conservative.
In politics they [the Independents] were, to use the phrase of their own time, “Root-and-Branch men,” or, to use the kindred phrase of our own,
A characteristic, essential, and fundamental constituent of any compound; hence, sometimes, an atom.
As a general rule, the metallic atoms are basic
radicals, while the nonmetallic atoms are acid
J. P. Cooke.
Specifically, a group of two or more atoms, not completely saturated, which are so linked that their union implies certain properties, and are conveniently regarded as playing the part of a single atom; a residue; – called also a
compound radical. Cf.
A radical quantity. See under
An indicated root of a perfect power of the degree indicated is not a
radicalbut a rational quantity under a radical form.
Davies & Peck (Math. Dict.)
A radical vessel. See under
Webster 1828 Edition
1.Pertaining to the root or origin; original; fundamental; as a radical truth or error; a radical evil; a radical difference of opinions or systems.
2.Implanted by nature; native; constitutional; as the radical moisture of a body.
3.Primitive; original; underived; uncompounded; as a radical word.
4.Serving to origination.
5.In botany, proceeding immediately from the root; as a radical leaf or peduncle.
1.In philology, a primitive word; a radix, root, or simple underived uncompounded word.
2.A primitive letter; a letter that belongs to the radix.
3.in chimistry, an element, or a simple constituent part of a substance, which is incapable of decomposition.
That which constitutes the distinguishing part of an acid, by its union with oxygen.
Compound radical is the base of an acid composed of two or more substances. Thus a vegetable acid having a radical composed of hydrogen and carbon, is said to be an acid with a compound radical.
Radical quantities, in algebra, quantities whose roots may be accurately expressed in numbers. The term is sometimes extended to all quantities under the radical sign.