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Webster 1913 Edition


Restrain

Re-strain′

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Restrained
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Restraining
.]
[OE.
restreinen
, F.
restreindre
, fr. L.
restringere
,
restrictum
; pref.
re-
re- +
stringere
to draw, bind, or press together. See
Strain
,
Verb.
T.
, and cf.
Restrict
.]
1.
To draw back again; to hold back from acting, proceeding, or advancing, either by physical or moral force, or by any interposing obstacle; to repress or suppress; to keep down; to curb.
Restrain
in me the cursed thoughts that nature
Gives way to in repose!
Shakespeare
2.
To draw back toghtly, as a rein.
[Obs.]
Shak.
3.
To hinder from unlimited enjoiment; to abridge.
Though they two were committed, at least
restrained
of their liberty.
Clarendon.
4.
To limit; to confine; to restrict.
Trench.
Not only a metaphysical or natural, but a moral, universality also is to be
restrained
by a part of the predicate.
I. Watts.
5.
To withhold; to forbear.
Thou
restrained
prayer before God.
Job. xv. 4.
Syn. – To check; hinder; stop; withhold; repress; curb; suppress; coerce; restrict; limit; confine.

Webster 1828 Edition


Restrain

RESTRA'IN

,
Verb.
T.
[L. restringo; re and stringo, to strain. The letter g appears from the participle to be casual; stringo, for strigo. Hence strictus, strict, stricture. If the two letters st are removed, the word rigo coincides exactly, in primary sense, with L. rego, rectus, right, and the root of reach, stretch, straight.]
1.
To hold back; to check; to hold from action, proceeding or advancing, either by physical or moral force, or by an interposing obstacle. Thus we restrain a horse by a bridle; we restrain cattle from wandering by fences; we restrain water by dams and dikes; we restrain men from crimes and trespasses by laws; we restrain young people, when we can, by arguments or counsel; we restrain men and their passions; we restrain the elements; we attempt to restrain vice, but not always with success.
2.
To repress; to keep in awe; as, to restrain offenders.
3.
To suppress; to hinder or repress; as, to restrain excess.
4.
To abridge; to hinder from unlimited enjoyment; as, to restrain one of his pleasure or of his liberty.
5.
To limit; to confine.
Not only a metaphysical or natural, but a moral universality is also to be restrained by a part of the predicate.
6.
To withhold; to forbear.
Thou restrainest prayer before God. Job 15.

Definition 2022


restrain

restrain

English

Verb

restrain (third-person singular simple present restrains, present participle restraining, simple past and past participle restrained)

  1. (transitive) To control or keep in check.
  2. (transitive) To deprive of liberty.
  3. (transitive) To restrict or limit.
    • 2013 May 17, George Monbiot, “Money just makes the rich suffer”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 23, page 19:
      In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. []  The public realm is privatised, the regulations restraining the ultra-wealthy and the companies they control are abandoned, and Edwardian levels of inequality are almost fetishised.

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