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Webster 1913 Edition


Rot

Rot

,
Verb.
I.
[
imp. & p. p.
Rotted
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Rotting
.]
[OE.
rotien
, AS.
rotian
; akin to D.
rotten
, Prov. G.
rotten
, OHG.
rozz[GREEK]n
, G.
rösten
to steep flax, Icel.
rotna
to rot, Sw.
ruttna
, Dan.
raadne
, Icel.
rottin
rotten. √117. Cf.
Ret
,
Rotten
.]
1.
To undergo a process common to organic substances by which they lose the cohesion of their parts and pass through certain chemical changes, giving off usually in some stages of the process more or less offensive odors; to become decomposed by a natural process; to putrefy; to decay.
Fixed like a plant on his peculiar spot,
To draw nutrition, propagate, and
rot
.
Pope.
2.
Figuratively: To perish slowly; to decay; to die; to become corrupt.
Four of the sufferers were left to
rot
in irons.
Macaulay.
Rot
, poor bachelor, in your club.
Thackeray.
Syn. – To putrefy; corrupt; decay; spoil.

Rot

,
Verb.
T.
1.
To make putrid; to cause to be wholly or partially decomposed by natural processes;
as, to
rot
vegetable fiber
.
2.
To expose, as flax, to a process of maceration, etc., for the purpose of separating the fiber; to ret.

Rot

,
Noun.
1.
Process of rotting; decay; putrefaction.
2.
(Bot.)
A disease or decay in fruits, leaves, or wood, supposed to be caused by minute fungi. See
Bitter rot
,
Black rot
, etc., below.
3.
[Cf. G.
rotz
glanders.]
A fatal distemper which attacks sheep and sometimes other animals. It is due to the presence of a parasitic worm in the liver or gall bladder. See 1st
Fluke
, 2.
His cattle must of
rot
and murrain die.
Milton.
Bitter rot
(Bot.)
,
a disease of apples, caused by the fungus
Glaeosporium fructigenum
.
F. L. Scribner.
Black rot
(Bot.)
,
a disease of grapevines, attacking the leaves and fruit, caused by the fungus
Laestadia Bidwellii
.
F. L. Scribner.
Dry rot
(Bot.)
See under
Dry
.
Grinder’s rot
(Med.)
See under
Grinder
.
Potato rot
.
(Bot.)
See under
Potato
.
White rot
(Bot.)
,
a disease of grapes, first appearing in whitish pustules on the fruit, caused by the fungus
Coniothyrium diplodiella
.
F. L. Scribner.

Webster 1828 Edition


Rot

ROT

, v.i.
To lose the natural cohesion and organization of parts, as animal and vegetable substances; to be decomposed and resolved into its original component parts by the natural process, or the gradual operation of heat and air; to putrefy.

ROT

,
Verb.
T.
To make putrid; to cause to be decomposed by the natural operation of air and heat; to bring to corruption.

ROT

,
Noun.
1.
A fatal distemper incident to sheep, usually supposed to be owing to wet seasons and moist pastures. The immediate cause of the mortality of sheep, in this disease, is found to be a great number of small animals, called flukes, (Fascida,) found in the liver, and supposed to be produced from eggs swallowed with their food.
2.
Putrefaction; putrid decay.
3.
Dry rot, in timber, the decay of the wood without the access of water.

Definition 2022


Rot

Rot

See also: rot, ROT, rót, rôt, röt, and rot-

German

Noun

Rot n (genitive Rots, plural Rots)

  1. The colour red
  2. (heraldry) gules; red in heraldry

Derived terms

Related terms

See also

Colors in German · Farben (layout · text)
     Rot      Grün      Gelb      Creme      Weiß
     Purpur      Magenta      ?      ?      Rosa
     Indigo      Blau      Orange      Grau      Violett
     Schwarz      Purpur      Braun      Azurblau      Cyan

Luxembourgish

Etymology

From Old High German rāt, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaz. Cognate with German Rat, Dutch raad, English rede, Icelandic ráð.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʀoːt/

Noun

Rot m (plural Réit)

  1. advice

Related terms

rot

rot

See also: Rot, ROT, rót, rôt, röt, and rot-

English

Verb

rot (third-person singular simple present rots, present participle rotting, simple past and past participle rotted)

  1. (intransitive) To suffer decomposition due to biological action, especially by fungi or bacteria.
    • Alexander Pope
      Fixed like a plant on his peculiar spot, / To draw nutrition, propagate, and rot.
  2. (intransitive) To decline in function or utility.
  3. (intransitive) To deteriorate in any way.
    I hope they all rot in prison for what they've done.
    • Macaulay
      Four of the sufferers were left to rot in irons.
    • Thackeray
      Rot, poor bachelor, in your club.
  4. (transitive) To make putrid; to cause to be wholly or partially decomposed by natural processes.
    to rot vegetable fiber
  5. (transitive) To expose, as flax, to a process of maceration, etc., for the purpose of separating the fiber; to ret.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

rot (plural rots)

  1. The process of becoming rotten; putrefaction.
  2. Any of several diseases in which breakdown of tissue occurs.
    • Milton
      His cattle must of rot and murrain die.
  3. Verbal nonsense.

Synonyms

  • (nonsense): See also Wikisaurus:nonsense

Anagrams


Afrikaans

Noun

rot (plural rotte)

  1. rat

See also


Catalan

Etymology

From Latin ructus.

Noun

rot m (plural rots)

  1. belcher

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɔt

Adjective

rot (comparative rotter, superlative rotst)

  1. rotten, spoiled, decayed, putrid
  2. rotten, tedious, unkind, mean

Inflection

Inflection of rot
uninflected rot
inflected rotte
comparative rotter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial rot rotter het rotst
het rotste
indefinite m./f. sing. rotte rottere rotste
n. sing. rot rotter rotste
plural rotte rottere rotste
definite rotte rottere rotste
partitive rots rotters

Noun

rot n (plural rotten, diminutive rotje n)

  1. rot, something rotten, something rotting
  2. (military) a file (of men)

Derived terms

  • oude rot

Anagrams


French

Etymology

From Latin ructus.

Pronunciation

Noun

rot m (plural rots)

  1. (colloquial) belch, burp

Synonyms

Related terms


Friulian

Etymology

From Latin ruptus.

Adjective

rot (feminine rote)

  1. broken

Related terms

Derived terms


German

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle High German rōt (red, red-haired), from Old High German rōt (red, scarlet, purple-red, brown-red, yellow-red), from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from *h₁rewdʰ-. Compare Low German root, rod, rot, Dutch rood, English red, West Frisian read, Danish rød.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /roːt/, [ʁoːt(ʰ)], [roːt]
  • Rhymes: -oːt

Adjective

rot (comparative röter or roter, superlative am rötesten or am rotesten)

  1. red (colour)
  2. (politics) red; pertaining to Marxism in the widest sense; social democratic; socialist; communist
    1. (politics, Germany, in particular) pertaining to the social democratic SPD or the more rigidly socialist Linke
  3. (possibly mildly offensive) red-haired
  4. (historical, possibly offensive) redskin; Native American; Indian

Declension

Comparation with umlaut
Comparation without umlaut

Synonyms

  • (red-haired): rothaarig
  • (redskin): rothäutig

Derived terms

Related terms


German Low German

Adjective

rot

  1. Alternative spelling of root

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɔːt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːt

Etymology 1

Noun

rot n (genitive singular rots, no plural)

  1. unconsciousness, insensibility
Declension
Related terms

Etymology 2

Noun

rot n (genitive singular rots, nominative plural rot)

  1. rot, decay, putrefaction
Declension
Related terms

Lojban

Rafsi

rot

  1. rafsi of rotsu.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Noun

rot m, f (definite singular rota or roten, indefinite plural røtter, definite plural røttene)

  1. root (part of a plant normally below ground level)
  2. root (of a tooth)
  3. root (of a hair)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Verb

rot

  1. imperative of rote

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Noun

rot f (definite singular rota, indefinite plural røter, definite plural røtene)

  1. root (of a plant)
  2. root (of a tooth)
  3. root (of a hair)

Derived terms

References


Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *raudaz (compare Old Saxon rōd, Old English rēad, Old Norse rauðr, Gothic 𐍂𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (rauþs)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from *h₁rewdʰ-.

Adjective

rōt

  1. red

Descendants


Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts.

Noun

rōt f

  1. root

Declension

Descendants


Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish rōt, from Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Pronunciation

Noun

rot c

  1. root; the part of a plant under the surface.
  2. the part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place
  3. source; an underlying cause
    Kärleken till pengar är roten till allt ont.
    The love of money is the root of all evil.
  4. (mathematics) of a number n, a positive number which, when raised to a specified power, yields n; the square root is understood if no power is specified
    Kubikroten ur 27 är 3.
    The cube root of 27 is 3.
    Multiplicera med roten ur 2.
    Multiply by root 2.
  5. (mathematics) a zero (of a function).
  6. (mathematics) a designated node in a tree.
  7. (mathematics) curl; a measure on how fast a vector field rotates: it can be described as the cross product of del and a given vectorial field
  8. (computing) root directory
  9. (philology) a word from which another word is derived.

Declension

Synonyms

Related terms

See also


Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English road.

Noun

rot

  1. road, street
    • '2003, Mühlhäusler et al., Tok Pisin texts, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 9:
      Planti liklik rot i stap long ailan hia.
      Many little roads exist on this island.

References

Tok Pisin texts: from the beginning to the present / edited by Peter Mühlhäusler, Thomas E. Dutton, Suzanne Romaine. / John Benjamins Publishing Company / Copyright 2003 / ISBN 90 272 4718 8 / page 106

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Vilamovian

Pronunciation

Noun

rōt f (plural rota)

  1. installment (a kind of payment)