Webster 1913 Edition
treów, tree, wood; akin to OFries.
derwan oak, Ir.
δρῦσa tree, oak,
δόρυa beam, spear shaft, spear, Skr.
dāruwood. √63, 241. Cf.
Any perennial woody plant of considerable size (usually over twenty feet high) and growing with a single trunk.
☞ The kind of tree referred to, in any particular case, is often indicated by a modifying word; as forest
Something constructed in the form of, or considered as resembling, a tree, consisting of a stem, or stock, and branches;
as, a genealogical.
A piece of timber, or something commonly made of timber; – used in composition, as in axle
tree, and the like.
A cross or gallows; as Tyburn
[Jesus] whom they slew and hanged on a
Acts x. 39.
In a great house ben not only vessels of gold and of silver but also of
treeand of earth.
Wyclif (2 Tim. ii. 20).
A mass of crystals, aggregated in arborescent forms, obtained by precipitation of a metal from solution. See
Lead tree, under
[Local, U. S.]–
any one of numerous species of beetles which feed on the leaves of trees and shrubs, as the May beetles, the rose beetle, the rose chafer, and the goldsmith beetle.–
any one of numerous species of hemipterous insects which live upon, and suck the sap of, trees and shrubs. They belong to–
Rhaphigaster, and allied genera.
the common paradoxure (–
a tall kind of melilot (–
Melilotus alba). See
the purse crab. See under–
any one of numerous species of arboreal creepers belonging to–
Climacteris, and allied genera. See
a nearly white arboreal American cricket (–
Ecanthus nivœus) which is noted for its loud stridulation; – called also
any one of several species of Old World crows belonging to–
Crypsirhinaand allied genera, intermediate between the true crows and the jays. The tail is long, and the bill is curved and without a tooth.
any one of several species of East Indian and Asiatic doves belonging to–
Macropygiaand allied genera. They have long and broad tails, are chiefly arboreal in their habits, and feed mainly on fruit.
any one of several species of ducks belonging to–
Dendrocygnaand allied genera. These ducks have a long and slender neck and a long hind toe. They are arboreal in their habits, and are found in the tropical parts of America, Africa, Asia, and Australia.
an arborescent fern having a straight trunk, sometimes twenty or twenty-five feet high, or even higher, and bearing a cluster of fronds at the top. Most of the existing species are tropical.–
a California market fish (–
(b)Any one of numerous species of Old World frogs belonging to
Rhacophorus, and allied genera of the family
Ranidae. Their toes are furnished with suckers for adhesion. The flying frog (see under
Flying) is an example.
the bernicle goose.–
any one of numerous species of small leaping hemipterous insects which live chiefly on the branches and twigs of trees, and injure them by sucking the sap. Many of them are very odd in shape, the prothorax being often prolonged upward or forward in the form of a spine or crest.–
the tree pipit.
any one of a group of Old World arboreal lizards (formerly grouped as the–
Dendrosauria) comprising the chameleons; also applied to various lizards belonging to the families
Iguanidae, especially those of the genus
Urosaurus, such as the
lined tree lizard(
Urosaurus ornatus) of the southwestern U.S.
Tree crab, above.
any aphid; a plant louse.–
Any moss or lichen growing on trees.
Any species of moss in the form of a miniature tree.–
any one of several species of African mice of the subfamily–
Dendromyinae. They have long claws and habitually live in trees.
a wood nymph. See–
Tree of a saddle,
a saddle frame.–
Tree of heaven
an ornamental tree (–
Ailantus glandulosus) having long, handsome pinnate leaves, and greenish flowers of a disagreeable odor.
Tree of life
a tree of the genus Thuja; arbor vitae.–
a species of garlic (–
Allium proliferum) which produces bulbs in place of flowers, or among its flowers.
a small American oyster (–
Ostrea folium) which adheres to the roots of the mangrove tree; – called also
any species of Asiatic birds of the genus–
Dendrocitta. The tree pies are allied to the magpie.
any one of numerous species of longwinged arboreal pigeons native of Asia, Africa, and Australia, and belonging to–
Carpophaga, and allied genera.
any one of several species of Central and South American arboreal porcupines belonging to the genera–
Sphingurus. They have an elongated and somewhat prehensile tail, only four toes on the hind feet, and a body covered with short spines mixed with bristles. One South American species (
Sphingurus villosus) is called also
couiy; another (
Sphingurus prehensilis) is called also
any one of several species of large ratlike West Indian rodents belonging to the genera–
Plagiodon. They are allied to the porcupines.
a tree snake.–
a bush shrike.–
any one of numerous species of snakes of the genus–
Dendrophis. They live chiefly among the branches of trees, and are not venomous.
a kind of sorrel (–
Rumex Lunaria) which attains the stature of a small tree, and bears greenish flowers. It is found in the Canary Islands and Tenerife.
any one of several species of small arboreal sparrows, especially the American tree sparrow (–
Spizella monticola), and the common European species (
any one of several species of swallows of the genus–
Hylochelidonwhich lay their eggs in holes in dead trees. They inhabit Australia and adjacent regions. Called also
any one of several species of swifts of the genus–
Dendrochelidonwhich inhabit the East Indies and Southern Asia.
any one of numerous species of amphibians belonging to–
Hylaand allied genera of the family
Hylidae. They are related to the common frogs and toads, but have the tips of the toes expanded into suckers by means of which they cling to the bark and leaves of trees. Only one species (
Hyla arborea) is found in Europe, but numerous species occur in America and Australia. The common tree toad of the Northern United States (
Hyla versicolor) is noted for the facility with which it changes its colors. Called also
tree frog. See also
Piping frog, under
Cricket frog, under
any one of several species of arboreal warblers belonging to–
Phylloscopusand allied genera.
a fine fiber obtained from the leaves of pine trees.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To drive to a tree; to cause to ascend a tree;
as, a dog.
To place upon a tree; to fit with a tree; to stretch upon a tree;
as, to. See
Webster 1828 Edition
1.The general name of the largest of the vegetable kind, consisting of a firm woody stem springing from woody roots, and spreading above into branches which terminate in leaves. A tree differs from a shrub principally in size, many species of trees growing to the highth of fifty or sixty feet, and some species to seventy or eighty, and a few, particularly the pine, to a much greater highth.
Trees are of various kinds; as nuciferous, or nut-bearing trees; bacciferous, or berry-bearing; coniferous, or cone-bearing, &c. Some are forest-trees, and useful for timber or fuel; others are fruit trees, and cultivated in gardens and orchards; others are used chiefly for shade and ornament.
2.Something resembling a tree, consisting of a stem or stalk and branches; as a genealogical tree.
3.In ship-building, pieces of timber are called chess-trees, cross-trees, roof-trees, tressel-trees, &c.
4.In Scripture, a cross.
--Jesus, whom they slew and hanged on a tree. Act.10.