Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Sheep

Sheep

,
Noun.
s
ing.
&
pl.
[OE.
shep
,
scheep
, AS.
sc[GREEK]p
,
sceáp
; akin to OFries.
sk[GREEK]p
, LG. & D.
schaap
, G.
schaf
, OHG.
scāf
, Skr.
chāga
. √295. Cf.
Sheepherd
.]
1.
(Zool.)
Any one of several species of ruminants of the genus
Ovis
, native of the higher mountains of both hemispheres, but most numerous in Asia.
☞ The domestic sheep (
Ovis aries
) varies much in size, in the length and texture of its wool, the form and size of its horns, the length of its tail, etc. It was domesticated in prehistoric ages, and many distinct breeds have been produced; as the merinos, celebrated for their fine wool; the Cretan sheep, noted for their long horns; the fat-tailed, or Turkish, sheep, remarkable for the size and fatness of the tail, which often has to be supported on trucks; the Southdowns, in which the horns are lacking; and an Asiatic breed which always has four horns.
2.
A weak, bashful, silly fellow.
Ainsworth.
3.
pl.
Fig.: The people of God, as being under the government and protection of Christ, the great Shepherd.
Rocky mountain sheep
.
(Zool.)
See
Bighorn
.
Maned sheep
.
(Zool.)
See
Aoudad
.
Sheep bot
(Zool.)
,
the larva of the sheep botfly. See
Estrus
.
Sheep dog
(Zool.)
,
a shepherd dog, or collie.
Sheep laurel
(Bot.)
,
a small North American shrub (
Kalmia angustifolia
) with deep rose-colored flowers in corymbs.
Sheep pest
(Bot.)
,
an Australian plant (
Acaena ovina
) related to the burnet. The fruit is covered with barbed spines, by which it adheres to the wool of sheep.
Sheep run
,
an extensive tract of country where sheep range and graze.
Sheep’s beard
(Bot.)
,
a cichoraceous herb (
Urospermum Dalechampii
) of Southern Europe; – so called from the conspicuous pappus of the achenes.
Sheep's bit
(Bot.)
, a European herb (
Jasione montana
) having much the appearance of scabious.
Sheep pox
(Med.)
,
a contagious disease of sheep, characterixed by the development of vesicles or pocks upon the skin.
Sheep scabious
.
(Bot.)
Same as
Sheep's bit
.
Sheep shears
,
shears in which the blades form the two ends of a steel bow, by the elasticity of which they open as often as pressed together by the hand in cutting; – so called because used to cut off the wool of sheep.
Sheep sorrel
.
(Bot.)
,
a prerennial herb (
Rumex Acetosella
) growing naturally on poor, dry, gravelly soil. Its leaves have a pleasant acid taste like sorrel.
Sheep's-wool
(Zool.)
,
the highest grade of Florida commercial sponges (
Spongia equina
, variety
gossypina
).
Sheep tick
(Zool.)
,
a wingless parasitic insect (
Melophagus ovinus
) belonging to the Diptera. It fixes its proboscis in the skin of the sheep and sucks the blood, leaving a swelling. Called also
sheep pest
, and
sheep louse
.
Sheep walk
,
a pasture for sheep; a sheep run.
Wild sheep
.
(Zool.)
See
Argali
,
Mouflon
, and
Oorial
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Sheep

SHEEP

,
Noun.
sing. and plu.
1. An animal of the genus Ovis, which is one of the most useful species that the Creator has bestowed upon man, and its wool constitutes a principal material of warm clothing, and its flesh is a great article of fool. The sheep is remarkable for its harmless temper ant its tmidity. the varieties are numerous.
2. In contempt, a silly fellow.
3. Figuratively, God's people are called sheep, as being under the government and protection of Christ, the great Shepherd.

Definition 2019


sheep

sheep

English

A domestic sheep

Noun

sheep (plural sheep)

  1. A woolly ruminant of the genus Ovis.
  2. A timid, shy person who is easily led by others.
Synonyms
  • See also Wikisaurus:sheep
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Abenaki: azib (from "(a) sheep")
Translations

See also

External links

Etymology 2

Noun

sheep

  1. plural of shoop

References

  1. Vladimir Orel, A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, s.vv. "*keppōn", "*skēpan" (Leiden: Brill, 2003), 213, 340
  2. Guus Kroonen (2011), The Proto-Germanic n-stems: a study in diachronic morphophonology , Rodopi, ISBN 9042032936.

Anagrams


Middle English

Etymology

From Old English scēap, from Proto-Germanic *skēpą beside *keppôn, of unknown origin.

Noun

sheep (plural sheep)

  1. sheep