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Definition 2023


Translingual

Stroke order
Stroke order

Han character

(radical 123 羊+0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿手 (TQ), four-corner 80501)

  1. Kangxi radical #123, (sheep).

Derived characters

See also

References

  • KangXi: page 950, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28425
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1393, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3125, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7F8A

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔslaːŋ, *laŋ
*zlaŋ, *laŋ
*ljaŋ, *laŋ
*ljaŋ, *laŋ
*ljaŋ
*ljaŋ
*ljaŋ
*ljaŋ, *laŋʔ
*klaŋ
*kʰlaŋ
*kʰlaŋ
*kʰlaŋ
*kʰlaŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋʔ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋs
*laŋs
*laŋs
*laŋs

Pictogram (象形) – picture of a sheep head.

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-jaŋ.

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /iaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /iɑŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /iaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /iaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /iaŋ²⁴/
Xining /iɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /iaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /iaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /iaŋ²¹/
Kunming /iã̠¹/
Nanjing /iaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /iɑŋ¹³/
/yə¹³/ ~子
Hohhot /iɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiã²³/
Suzhou /ɦiã¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /ia⁴⁴/
Tunxi /iau⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ian¹³/
Xiangtan /ian¹²/
Gan Nanchang /iɔŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ioŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²¹/
Nanning /jœŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /jœŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔŋ³⁵/
/iũ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iõ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iaŋ³¹/
/io³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/iɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/iaŋ/
Wang
Li
/jĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yáng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ yang ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢaŋ/
English sheep

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14535
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laŋ/

Definitions

  1. caprid, eg. sheep, goat, antelope
  2. A surname.

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese

Kanji in this term
ひつじ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Kanji

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

Etymology

Possibly cognate with (hitsuji, the Goat, eighth sign of the Chinese zodiac)

Pronunciation

Noun

(hiragana ひつじ, katakana ヒツジ, romaji hitsuji)

  1. (zoology) sheep

References

  1. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean

Hanja

(yang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ()
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(dương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.