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Definition 2022


Translingual

Han character

(radical 62 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹一 (IHM), four-corner 53200, composition)

  1. eleventh of twelve earthly branches (十二支): Dog () of Chinese zodiac

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 411, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11535
  • Dae Jaweon: page 752, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1398, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+620C

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*med
*med
*hmed
*smid
*smid
*smid

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕy⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /sy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /sy²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕy²¹/
Xining /ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕy⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕy²¹³/
/ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /ɕiu³¹/
Nanjing /syʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴⁴³⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /siəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕyʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ɕy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /si²⁴/
Xiangtan /si²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕyʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sut̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /søt̚⁵/
Nanning /ɬɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /søt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (52)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siuɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjuet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swit̚/
Li
Rong
/siuĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭuĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯uĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ swit ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.mi[t]/
English 11th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13945
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*smid/

Definitions

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds

  • 屈戌
  • 戊戌政變戊戌政变
  • 戊戌變法戊戌变法
  • 戌削
  • 戌時戌时
  • 戌月

References


Japanese

Kanji

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings

Kanji in this term
いぬ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

(hiragana いぬ, romaji inu)

  1. the hour of the dog; a historical duel-hour equivalent to 7PM - 9PM
    • c. 935,: Tosa Nikki (page 3)
      それの年の十二月の二十日あまり一日の日のの刻に、門出す。
      I departed on the twenty and one day of the twelfth month of that year at the hour of the dog.

References

  1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • Hasegawa, Masaharu; Yūichirō Imanishi, Hiroshi Itō, Hiroshi Yoshioka (1989) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 24: Tosa Nikki, Kagerō Nikki, Murasaki Shikibu Nikki, Sarashina Nikki, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-00-240024-7

Korean

Hanja

(sul) (hangeul , revised sul, McCune-Reischauer sul, Yale swul)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.