See also: Appendix:Variations of "gan"
- simple past tense of gin
From Old English gān (“to go”).
gan (third-person singular simple present gans, present participle gannin, simple past went, past participle gone)
- (obsolete outside Northumbria) To go.
- The New Geordie Dictionary, Frank Graham, 1987, ISBN 0946928118
- Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin,
- Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977
- A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896,
- Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4
- A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, ISBN 1904794165
Dutch Low Saxon
- Alternative spelling of gaon
From Old Irish cen (“besides; without”), from Proto-Celtic *kina (“besides”); compare Welsh am-gen (“otherwise”), Breton ken (“otherwise”).
- (unstressed) IPA(key): /ɡən̪ˠ/
- (stressed, Munster, Aran) IPA(key): /ɡɑn̪ˠ/
- (stressed, Connemara, Mayo, Ulster) IPA(key): /ɡan̪ˠ/
gan (plus nominative, triggers no mutation in specific references but lenition in general references)
- not (in conjunction with a verbal noun)
Triggers lenition of b, c, g, m, p on unmodified nouns, e.g. gan phingin ‘without a penny’. Does not trigger lenition on modified nouns, e.g. gan pingin ina phóca ‘without a penny in his pocket’. In the meaning ‘not’, does not trigger lenition on either a verbal noun or on the direct object of the verbal noun, e.g. gan ceannach ‘not to buy’, gan pingin a shaothrú ‘not to earn a penny’.
Unlike most Irish prepositions, gan is followed by the nominative case of nouns, not the dative, and it does not form prepositional pronouns: gan an t-arán ‘without the bread’, gan mé ‘without me’.
gan (present stem -gê-)
- to have sex with somebody, to **** somebody
- having sex, ****
- both, and
Used in pairs: gan jauna, gan skaista "both young and beautiful"
- Nonstandard spelling of gān.
- Nonstandard spelling of gán.
- Nonstandard spelling of gǎn.
- Nonstandard spelling of gàn.
- English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.
From Proto-Germanic *gāną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- (“to leave”). The verb was defective in Germanic and may only have existed in the present tense. Cognate with Old Frisian gān (West Frisian gean), Old Saxon gān (Dutch Low Saxon gan, gahn), Old Dutch gān (Dutch gaan), Old High German gān, gēn (German gehen), Old Norse gá (Danish and Swedish gå).
- to go
Conjugation of gān (irregular)
- them (direct object)
- A bheil sibh gan creidsinn? ― Do you believe them?
- Before words beginning with b, f, m or p gam is used instead.
From Old Turkic kan (“blood”), from Proto-Turkic *kān, *Kiān (“blood”).
gan (definite accusative gany, plural ganlar)
declension of gan
gan (plural gans)
- (male or female) goose
Terms derived from gan "goose"
- by (authorship)
- (North Wales) to indicate possession
- Mae gen i wallt hir.
- I have long hair.
- used with verbal noun to indicate an action simultaneous with that of the main verb
- 1993, Gareth King, Modern Welsh: A Comprehensive Grammar, London: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-09269-8, p. 131:
- Aeth o gwmpas y stafell gan ofyn yr un cwestiwn i bawb.
- He went around the room asking everyone the same question.
See for more information.
| First person
|| gen i
|| ganddon ni
| Second person
|| gen ti
|| gennych chi
| Third person
|| ganddo fe/fo m
ganddi hi f
| ganddyn nhw
- Soft mutation of can.
- Soft mutation of can.