Webster 1913 Edition
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
tornare, fr. L.
tornareto turn in a lathe, to round off, fr.
tornusa lathe, Gr.
τόρνοσa turner’s chisel, a carpenter's tool for drawing circles; probably akin to E.
Throw, and cf.
To cause to move upon a center, or as if upon a center; to give circular motion to; to cause to revolve; to cause to move round, either partially, wholly, or repeatedly; to make to change position so as to present other sides in given directions; to make to face otherwise;
turna wheel or a spindle; to
turnthe body or the head
Turnthe adamantine spindle round.
turnshim to his royal guest.
To cause to present a different side uppermost or outmost; to make the upper side the lower, or the inside to be the outside of; to reverse the position of;
turna box or a board; to
To give another direction, tendency, or inclination to; to direct otherwise; to deflect; to incline differently; – used both literally and figuratively;“Expert when to advance, or stand, or, turn the sway of battle.”
turnthe eyes to the heavens; to
turna horse from the road, or a ship from her course; to
turnthe attention to or from something
Thrice I deluded her, and
My thoughts are
To change from a given use or office; to divert, as to another purpose or end; to transfer; to use or employ; to apply; to devote.
Therefore he slew him, and
turnedthe kingdom unto David.
1 Chron. x. 14.
God will make these evils the occasion of a greater good, by
turningthem to advantage in this world.
When the passage is open, land will be
turnedmost to cattle; when shut, to sheep.
Sir W. Temple.
To change the form, quality, aspect, or effect of; to alter; to metamorphose; to convert; to transform; – often with to or into before the word denoting the effect or product of the change;
turna worm into a winged insect; to
turngreen to blue; to
turnprose into verse; to
turna Whig to a Tory, or a Hindu to a Christian; to
turngood to evil, and the like
The Lord thy God will
turnthy captivity, and have compassion upon thee.
Deut. xxx. 3.
And David said, O Lord, I pray thee,
turnthe counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.
2 Sam. xv. 31.
turnsan ague into a fever.
To form in a lathe; to shape or fashion (anything) by applying a cutting tool to it while revolving;
turnthe legs of stools or tables; to
turnivory or metal
I had rather hear a brazen canstick
Hence, to give form to; to shape; to mold; to put in proper condition; to adapt.“The poet's pen turns them to shapes.”
His limbs how
turned, how broad his shoulders spread !
He was perfectly well
To translate; to construe;
turnsa Persian tale for half a crown.
To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle, etc.:
turncider or wine; electricity
To sicken; to nauseate;
as, an emetic.
To be turned of,
to be advanced beyond;–
to be turned ofsixty-six
To turn a cold shoulder to,
to treat with neglect or indifference.–
To turn a corner,
to go round a corner.
To advance beyond a difficult stage in a project, or in life.–
To turn adrift,
to cast off, to cease to care for.–
To turn a flange
to form a flange on, as around a metal sheet or boiler plate, by stretching, bending, and hammering, or rolling the metal.–
To turn against.
To direct against;
to turnone's arguments
To make unfavorable or hostile to;–
to turnone's friends
To turn a hostile army,
To turn the enemy's flank, or the like
to pass round it, and take a position behind it or upon its side.–
To turn a penny, or
To turn an honest penny
to make a small profit by trade, or the like.–
To turn around one's finger,
to have complete control of the will and actions of; to be able to influence at pleasure.–
To turn aside,
To turn away.
To dismiss from service; to discard;
to turn awaya servant
to turn awaywrath or evil
To turn back.
To give back; to return.
When we have soiled them.
backthe silks upon the merchants,
When we have soiled them.
To cause to return or retrace one's steps; hence, to drive away; to repel.
To turn down.
To fold or double down.
To turn over so as to conceal the face of; as, to turn down cards.
To lower, or reduce in size, by turning a valve, stopcock, or the like;–
turn downthe lights
To turn in.
To fold or double under;
to turn inthe edge of cloth
To direct inwards;
to turnthe toes
To contribute; to deliver up; as, he turned in a large amount.
To turn in the mind,
to revolve, ponder, or meditate upon; – with about, over, etc.“ Turn these ideas about in your mind.”
To turn off.
To dismiss contemptuously; as, to turn off a sycophant or a parasite.
To give over; to reduce.
To divert; to deflect; as, to turn off the thoughts from serious subjects; to turn off a joke.
To accomplish; to perform, as work.
To remove, as a surface, by the process of turning; to reduce in size by turning.
To shut off, as a fluid, by means of a valve, stopcock, or other device; to stop the passage of; as, to turn off the water or the gas.–
To turn on,
to cause to flow by turning a valve, stopcock, or the like; to give passage to;–
to turn onsteam
To turn one's coat,
to change one's uniform or colors; to go over to the opposite party.–
To turn one's goodsor
To turn one's money, and the like
to exchange in the course of trade; to keep in lively exchange or circulation; to gain or increase in trade.–
To turn one's hand to,
to adapt or apply one's self to; to engage in.–
To turn out.
To drive out; to expel;
to turna family
to turna man
outof my kingdom.
to put to pasture, as cattle or horses.
To produce, as the result of labor, or any process of manufacture; to furnish in a completed state.
To reverse, as a pocket, bag, etc., so as to bring the inside to the outside; hence, to produce.
To cause to cease, or to put out, by turning a stopcock, valve, or the like; as, to turn out the lights.–
To turn over.
To change or reverse the position of; to overset; to overturn; to cause to roll over.
to turn overbusiness to another hand
To read or examine, as a book, while, turning the leaves.“We turned o'er many books together.”
To handle in business; to do business to the amount of; as, he turns over millions a year.
To turn over a new leaf.
To turn tail,
to run away; to retreat ignominiously.–
To turn the back,
to flee; to retreat.–
To turn the back onor
To turn the back upon,
to treat with contempt; to reject or refuse unceremoniously.–
To turn the corner,
to pass the critical stage; to get by the worst point; hence, to begin to improve, or to succeed.–
To turn the dieor
To turn the dice
to change fortune.–
To turn the edge ofor
To turn the point of
to bend over the edge or point of so as to make dull; to blunt.–
To turn the head ofor
To turn the brain of
to make giddy, wild, insane, or the like; to infatuate; to overthrow the reason or judgment of;–
as, a little success.
turned his head
To turn the scaleor
To turn the balance
to change the preponderance; to decide or determine something doubtful; to tip the balance.–
To turn the stomach of,
to nauseate; to sicken.–
To turn the tables,
to reverse the chances or conditions of success or superiority; to give the advantage to the person or side previously at a disadvantage.–
To turn tippet,
to make a change.
To turn to profit,
To turn to advantage, etc.
to make profitable or advantageous.–
To turn turtle,
to capsize bottom upward; – said of a vessel.
To turn under
to put, as soil, manure, etc., underneath from the surface by plowing, digging, or the like.–
To turn up.
To turn so as to bring the bottom side on top; as, to turn up the trump.
To bring from beneath to the surface, as in plowing, digging, etc.
To give an upward curve to; to tilt;–
to turn upthe nose
To turn upon,
to retort; to throw back;–
to turnthe arguments of an opponent
To turn upside down,
to confuse by putting things awry; to throw into disorder.
This house is
turned upside downsince Robin Ostler died.
To move round; to have a circular motion; to revolve entirely, repeatedly, or partially; to change position, so as to face differently; to whirl or wheel round;
as, a wheel
turnson its axis; a spindle
turnson a pivot; a man
turnson his heel.
The gate . . . on golden hinges
Hence, to revolve as if upon a point of support; to hinge; to depend;
as, the decision.
turnson a single fact
Conditions of peace certainly
turnupon events of war.
To result or terminate; to come about; to eventuate; to issue.
If we repent seriously, submit contentedly, and serve him faithfully, afflictions shall
turnto our advantage.
To be deflected; to take a different direction or tendency; to be directed otherwise; to be differently applied; to be transferred;
turnfrom the road
Turnfrom thy fierce wrath.
Ex. xxxii. 12.
turnye from your evil ways.
Ezek. xxxiii. 11.
turnsinward on itself, and reflects on its own operations.
To be changed, altered, or transformed; to become transmuted; also, to become by a change or changes; to grow;
turnsto stone; water
turnsto ice; one color
turnsto another; to
I hope you have no intent to
Cygnets from gray
To undergo the process of turning on a lathe;
To become acid; to sour; – said of milk, ale, etc.
To become giddy; – said of the head or brain.
I'll look no more;
Lest my brain
Lest my brain
To be nauseated; – said of the stomach.
To become inclined in the other direction; – said of scales.
To change from ebb to flow, or from flow to ebb; – said of the tide.
To bring down the feet of a child in the womb, in order to facilitate delivery.
To invert a type of the same thickness, as temporary substitute for any sort which is exhausted.
To turn about,
to face to another quarter; to turn around.–
To turn again,
to come back after going; to return.
To turn against,
to become unfriendly or hostile to.–
To turn asideor
To turn away
To turn from the direct course; to withdraw from a company; to deviate.
To depart; to remove.
To avert one's face.–
To turn back,
to turn so as to go in an opposite direction; to retrace one's steps.–
To turn in.
To bend inward.
To enter for lodgings or entertainment.
To go to bed.
To turn into,
to enter by making a turn;–
to turn intoa side street
To turn off,
to be diverted; to deviate from a course;–
as, the road.
turns offto the left
To turn onor
To turn upon
To turn against; to confront in hostility or anger.
To reply to or retort.
To depend on;–
as, the result.
turns onone condition
To turn out.
To move from its place, as a bone.
To bend or point outward;
as, his toes.
To rise from bed.
To come abroad; to appear;
as, not many.
turned outto the fire
To prove in the result; to issue; to result;–
as, the crops.
To turn over,
to turn from side to side; to roll; to tumble.–
To turn round.
To change position so as to face in another direction.
To change one's opinion; to change from one view or party to another.–
To turn to,
to apply one's self to; to have recourse to; to refer to.“Helvicus's tables may be turned to on all occasions.”
To turn to account,
advantage, or the like
to be made profitable or advantageous; to become worth the while.–
To turn under,
to bend, or be folded, downward or under.–
To turn up.
To bend, or be doubled, upward.
To appear; to come to light; to transpire; to occur; to happen.
The act of turning; movement or motion about, or as if about, a center or axis; revolution;
turnof a wheel
Change of direction, course, or tendency; different order, position, or aspect of affairs; alteration; vicissitude;
turnof the tide
At length his complaint took a favorable
turnsand varieties of all passions.
Too well the
turnsof mortal chance I know.
One of the successive portions of a course, or of a series of occurrences, reckoning from change to change; hence, a winding; a bend; a meander.
And all its [the river's] thousand
Some fresher beauty varying round.
Some fresher beauty varying round.
A circuitous walk, or a walk to and fro, ending where it began; a short walk; a stroll.
Come, you and I must walk a
I will take a
turnin your garden.
Successive course; opportunity enjoyed by alternation with another or with others, or in due order; due chance; alternate or incidental occasion; appropriate time.“Nobleness and bounty . . . had their turns in his [the king's] nature.”
turnwill come to laugh at you again.
Every one has a fair
turnto be as great as he pleases.
Incidental or opportune deed or office; occasional act of kindness or malice;
as, to do one an ill.
Had I not done a friendes
thanks are half lost when good
Convenience; occasion; purpose; exigence;
as, this will not serve his.
I have enough to serve mine own
Form; cast; shape; manner; fashion; – used in a literal or figurative sense; hence, form of expression; mode of signifying;
turnof thought; a man of a sprightly
turnof both his expressions and thoughts is unharmonious.
The Roman poets, in their description of a beautiful man, often mention the
turnof his neck and arms.
A change of condition; especially, a sudden or recurring symptom of illness, as a nervous shock, or fainting spell;
as, a bad.
A fall off the ladder at the gallows; a hanging; – so called from the practice of causing the criminal to stand on a ladder which was turned over, so throwing him off, when the signal was given.
A round of a rope or cord in order to secure it, as about a pin or a cleat.
A pit sunk in some part of a drift.
A court of record, held by the sheriff twice a year in every hundred within his county.
Monthly courses; menses.
An embellishment or grace (marked thus, [GREEK]), commonly consisting of the principal note, or that on which the turn is made, with the note above, and the semitone below, the note above being sounded first, the principal note next, and the semitone below last, the three being performed quickly, as a triplet preceding the marked note. The turn may be inverted so as to begin with the lower note, in which case the sign is either placed on end thus [GREEK], or drawn thus [GREEK].
One after another; alternately; in succession.
At intervals.“[They] feel by turns the bitter change.”
in due order of succession.–
To a turn,
as, done; – a phrase alluding to the practice of cooking on a revolving spit.
to a turn
To take turns,
to alternate; to succeed one another in due order.–
Turn and turn about,
by equal alternating periods of service or duty; by turns.–
a simple portable lathe, used on a bench by clock makers and watchmakers.–
Turnbuckle, in Vocabulary.
a sort of chimney cap which turns round with the wind so as to present its opening to the leeward.
Turn of life
change of life. See under–
a screw driver.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.To cause to move in a circular course; as, to turn a wheel; to turn a spindle; to turn the body.
2.To change or shift sides; to put the upper side downwards, or one side in the place of the other. It is said a hen turns her eggs often when sitting.
3.To alter, as a position.
When to advance, or stand, or turn the sway of battle.
4.To cause to preponderate; to change the state of a balance; as, to turn the scale.
5.To bring the inside out; as,to turn a coat.
6.To alter, as the posture of the body, or direction of the look.
The monarch turns him to his royal guest.
7.To form on a lathe; to make round.
8.To form; to shape; used in the participle; as a body finely turned.
Him limbs how turn'd.
9.To change; to transform; as,to turn evil to good; to turn goods into money.
Impatience turns an ague into a fever.
I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness. 2 Sam.15.
10. To metamorphose; as, to turn a worm into a winged insect.
11. To alter or change, as color; as, to turn green to blue.
12. To change or alter in any manner; to vary.
13. To translate; as, to turn Greek into English.
--Who turns a Persian tale for half a crown.
14. To change, as the manner of writing; as,to turn prose into verse.
15. To change, as from one opinion or party to another; as, to turn one from a tory to whig; to turn Mohammedan or a pagan to a Christian.
16. To change in regard to inclination or temper.
Turn thee to me, and have mercy upon me. Ps.25.
17. To change or alter from one purpose or effect to another.
God will make these evils the occasion of greater good, by turning them to our advantage.
18. To transfer.
Therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom to David. 1 Chron 10.
19. To cause to nauseate or lothe; as, to turn the stomach.
20. To make giddy.
Eastern priests in giddy circles run,
And turn their heads to imitate the sun.
21. To infatuate; to make mad, wild or enthusiastic; as, to turn the brain.
22. To change direction to or from any point; as, to turn the eyes to the heavens; to turn the eyes from a disgusting spectacle.
23. To direct by a change to a certain purpose or object; to direct, as the inclination, thoughts or mind. I have turned my mind to the subject.
My thoughts are turn'd on peace.
24. To revolve; to agitate in the mind.
Turn those ideas about in your mind.
25. To bend from a perpendicular direction; as, to turn the edge of an instrument.
26. To move from a direct course or strait line; to cause to deviate; as, to turn a horse from the road, or a ship from her course.
27. To apply by a change of use.
When the passage is open, land will be turned most to cattle.
28. To reverse.
The Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee. Deut.30.
29. To keep passing and changing in the course of trade; as, to turn money or stock two or three times in the year.
30. To adapt the mind; chiefly in the participle.
He was perfectly well turned for trade.
31. To make acid; to sour; as, to turn cider or wine; to turn milk.
32. To persuade to renounce an opinion; to dissuade from a purpose, or cause to change sides. You cannot turn a firm man.
To turn aside, to avert.
To turn away, to dismiss from service; to discard; as, to turn away a servant.
1.To avert; as, to turn away wrath or evil.
To turn back, to return; as, to turn back goods to the seller. [Little used.]
To turn down, to fold or double down.
To turn in, to fold or double; as, to turn in the edge of cloth.
To turn off, to dismiss contemptuously; as, to turn off a sycophant or parasite.
1.To give over; to resign. We are not so wholly turned off from that reversion.
2.To divert; to deflect; as, to turn off the thoughts from serious subjects.
To be turned of, to be advanced beyond; as, to be turned of sixty six.
To turn out, to drive out; to expel; as, to turn a family out of doors, or out of the house.
1.To put to pasture; as cattle or horses.
To turn over, to change sides; to roll over.
1.To transfer; as, to turn over a business to another hand.
2.To open and examine one leaf after another; as, to turn over a concordance.
turn to, to have recourse to.
Helvetius' tables may be turned to on all occasions.
To turn upon, to retort; to throw back; as, to turn the arguments of an opponent upon himself.
To turn the back, to flee; to retreat. Ex.23.
To turn the back upon, to quit with contempt; to forsake.
To turn the die or dice, to change fortune.
1.To be directed.
The understanding turns inwards on itself, and reflects on its own operations.
2.To show regard by directing the look towards any thing.
Turn mighty monarch, turn this way;
Do not refuse to hear.
3.To move the body round. He turned to me with a smile.
4.To move; to change posture. Let your body be at rest; do not turn in the least.
5.To deviate; as, to turn from the road or course.
6.To alter; to be changed or transformed; as, wood turns to stone; water turns to ice; one color turns to another.
7.To become by change; as, the fur of certain animals turns in winter.
Cygnets from gray turn white.
8.To change sides. A man in a fever turns often.
9.To change opinions or parties; as, to turn Christian or Mohammedan.
10. To change the mind or conduct.
Turn from thy fierce wrath. Ex.32.
11. To change to acid; as,mild turns suddenly during a thunder storm.
12. To be brought eventually; to result or terminate in. This trade has not turned to much account or advantage. The application of steam turns to good account, both on land and water.
13. To depend on for decision. The question turns on a single fact or point.
14. To become giddy.
I'll look no more,
Lest my brain turn.
15. To change a course of life; to repent.
Turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways, for why will ye die? Ezek. 33.
16. To change the course or direction; as, the tide turns.
To turn about, to move the face to another quarter.
To turn away, to deviate.
1.To depart from; to forsake.turn in, to bend inwards.
1.To enter for lodgings or entertainment. Gen.19.
2.To go to bed.
To turn off, to be diverted; to deviate from a course. The road turns off to the left.
To turn on or upon, to reply or retort.
1.To depend on.
To turn out, to move from its place, as a bone.
1.To bend outwards; to project.
2.To rise from bed; also, to come abroad.
To turn over, to turn from side to side; to roll; to tumble.
1.To change sides or parties.
To turn to, to be directed; as, the needle turns to the magnetic pole.
To turn under, to bend or be folded downwards.
To turn up, to bend or be doubled upwards.
1.A winding; a meandering course; a bend or bending; as the turn of river.
2.A walk to and from.
I will take a turn in your garden.
3.Change; alteration; vicissitude; as the turns and varieties of passions.
Too well the turns of mortal chance I know.
Nobleness and bounty--which virtues had their turns in the king's nature.
5.Manner of proceeding; change of direction. This affair may take a different turn from that which we expect.
6.Chance; hap; opportunity.
Every one has a fair turn to be as great as he pleases.
7.Occasion; incidental opportunity.
An old dog falling from his speed, was loaded at every turn with blows and reproaches.
8.Time at which, by successive vicissitudes, any thing is to be had or done. They take each other's turn.
His turn will come to laugh at you again.
9.Action of kindness or malice.
Thanks are half lost when good turns are delay'd.
Some malicious natures place their delight in doing ill turns.
10. Reigning inclination or course. Religion is not to be adapted to the turn and fashion of the age.
11. A step off the ladder at the gallows.
12. Convenience; occasion; purpose; exigence; as, this will not serve his turn.
13. Form; cast; shape; manner; in a literal or figurative sense; as the turn of thought; a man of a sprightly turn in conversation.
The turn of his thoughts and expression is unharmonious.
Female virtues are of a domestic turn.
The Roman poets, in their description of a beautiful man, often mention the turn of his neck and arms.
14. Manner of arranging words in a sentence.
15. Change; new position of things. Some evil happens at every turn of affairs.
16. Change of direction; as the turn of the tide from flood to ebb.
17. One round of a rope or cord.
18. In mining, a pit sunk in some part of a drift.
19. Turn or tourn, in law. The sheriff's turn is a court of record, held by the sheriff twice a year in every hundred within his county. [England.]
By turns, one after another; alternately.
They assist each other by turns.
They feel by turns the bitter change.
To take turns, to take each other's places alternately.