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Definition 2022


Translingual

Han character

(radical 134 +2, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹X人 (HXO), four-corner 77237)

  1. moment, instant, short while

References

  • KangXi: page 1003, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1459, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3037, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+81FE

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lo
*ɡruds, *lo
*lo
*lo
*lo, *loʔ
*loʔ
*loʔ

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (36) (30)
Final () (24) (18)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨo/ /ɡˠiuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jio/ /ɡʷᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/io/ /ɡiuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juə̆/ /gjwiH/
Li
Rong
/io/ /ɡjuiH/
Wang
Li
/jĭu/ /ɡwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯u/ /gwiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ](r)o/
English pull, drag

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4735 15823
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡruds/ /*lo/
Notes

Definitions

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Compounds

  • 甌臾瓯臾
  • 縱臾纵臾

References


Japanese

Kanji

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings


Korean

Hanja

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

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