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Definition 2022


See also:

Translingual

Han character

(radical 75 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹十木 (HJD), four-corner 25900, composition丿)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 509, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 893, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1154, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6731

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tu, *tus, *tos, *tjo
*to
*to
*to
*to
*to
*to, *tʰjo
*to, *tjo
*to
*to, *djo
*do
*tjo
*tjo
*tjo
*tjo
*tjo, *tjos
*tjo
*tjo
*tʰjo
*djo
*djo
*djo
*djo

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕio/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕio/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhū zhū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyu › ‹ tsyu ›
Old
Chinese
/*to/ /*to/
English dwarf red

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17569
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjo/
Notes

Definitions

  1. cinnabar, vermilion
  2. A surname.

Compounds

  • 朱砂 (zhūshā, “cinnabar”)

References


Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. vermilion
  2. cinnabar
  3. scarlet
  4. red
  5. bloody

Readings

Noun

(hiragana あけ, romaji ake)

  1. crimson

(hiragana あか, romaji aka)

  1. Alternative form of

(hiragana しゅ, romaji shu)

  1. vermilion

Korean

Hanja

(ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune-Reischauer chu, Yale cwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(cho, chẩu, chõ, chu, chau, châu, choa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.