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Webster 1913 Edition


Gun

Gun

(gŭn)
,
Noun.
[OE.
gonne
,
gunne
; of uncertain origin; cf. Ir., Gael., & LL.
gunna
, W.
gum
; possibly (like cannon) fr. L.
canna
reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF.
mangonnel
, E.
mangonel
, a machine for hurling stones.]
1.
A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance; any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles, consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge (such as guncotton or gunpowder) behind, which is ignited by various means. Pistols, rifles, carbines, muskets, and fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are called
small arms
. Larger guns are called
cannon
,
ordnance
,
fieldpieces
,
carronades
,
howitzers
, etc. See these terms in the Vocabulary.
As swift as a pellet out of a
gunne

When fire is in the powder runne.
Chaucer.
The word
gun
was in use in England for an engine to cast a thing from a man long before there was any gunpowder found out.
Selden.
2.
(Mil.)
A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a cannon.
3.
pl.
(Naut.)
Violent blasts of wind.
☞ Guns are classified, according to their construction or manner of loading as
rifled
or
smoothbore
,
breech-loading
or
muzzle-loading
,
cast
or
built-up guns
; or according to their use, as
field
,
mountain
,
prairie
,
seacoast
, and
siege guns
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Gun

GUN

,
Noun.
An instrument consisting of a barrel or tube of iron or other metal fixed in a stock, from which balls, shot or other deadly weapons are discharged by the explosion of gunpowder. The larger species of guns are called cannon; and the smaller species are called muskets, carbines, fowling pieces, &c. But one species of fire-arms, the pistol, is never called a gun.

GUN

,
Verb.
I.
To shoot.

Definition 2022


Gun

Gun

See also: gun, gùn, gūn, guṅ, gün, Gün, and gǔn

Swedish

Proper noun

Gun

  1. A female given name.

Related terms

References

  • Roland Otterbjörk: Svenska förnamn, Almqvist & Wiksell 1996, ISBN 91-21-10937-0
  • Statistiska centralbyrån and Sture Allén, Staffan Wåhlin, Förnamnsboken, Norstedts 1995, ISBN 9119551622: 34 071 females with the given name Gun living in Sweden on December 31st, 2010, with the frequency peak in the 1930s. Accessed on 19 June 2011.

gun

gun

See also: Gun, gùn, gūn, guṅ, gün, Gün, and gǔn

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: gŭn, IPA(key): /ɡʌn/
  • Rhymes: -ʌn

Noun

gun (plural guns)

  1. A device for projecting a hard object very forcefully; a firearm or cannon.
    Guns were considered improvements of crossbows and catapults.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, The Amateur Poacher, chapter1:
      They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect.
    1. A very portable, short firearm, for hand use, which fires bullets or projectiles, such as a handgun, revolver, pistol, or Derringer.
    2. A less portable, long firearm, bullet or projectile firing; a rifle, either manual, automatic or semi-automatic; a flintlock, musket or shotgun.
    3. (military) A cannon with relatively long barrel, operating with relatively low angle of fire, and having a high muzzle velocity.[1]
    4. (military) A cannon with a 6-inch/155mm minimum nominal bore diameter and tube length 30 calibers or more. See also: howitzer; mortar.[1]
    5. (figuratively) A firearm or cannon used for saluting or signalling.Wp
      • 1906, Stanley J[ohn] Weyman, chapter I, in Chippinge Borough, New York, N.Y.: McClure, Phillips & Co., OCLC 580270828:
        It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. []. He halted opposite the Privy Gardens, and, with his face turned skywards, listened until the sound of the Tower guns smote again on the ear and dispelled his doubts.
  2. A device operated by a trigger and acting in a manner similar to a firearm.
    There are some guns that are not designed for killing.
    1. Any implement designed to fire a projectile from a tube.
      air-pressure pellet gun; air rifle; BB gun; zipgun; nail gun; a potato gun
    2. A device or tool that projects a substance.
      a squirt gun; a spray gun; a grease gun
    3. A device or tool that applies something rather than projecting it.
      a rivet gun; a **** gun; a price-label gun
  3. (surfing) A long surfboard designed for surfing big waves (not the same as a longboard, a gun has a pointed nose and is generally a little narrower).
    • 2000, Drew Kampion, surfline.com
      by the winter of 1962, the Brewer Surfboards Hawaii gun was the most in-demand big-wave equipment on the North Shore.
  4. (cellular automata) A pattern that "fires" out other patterns.
    • 2000, Gary William Flake, The computational beauty of nature
      The glider gun on the bottom of the NOT circuit emits a continuous stream of gliders, while the data stream source emits a glider only when there is a value of 1 in the stream [] .
    • 2010, Andrew Adamatzky, Game of Life Cellular Automata, p.74:
      Greene's period-416 2c/5 spaceship gun
  5. (colloquial) A man who carries or uses a rifle, shotgun or handgun.
  6. (colloquial, chiefly in the plural) The biceps.
  7. (nautical, in the plural) Violent blasts of wind.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

gun (third-person singular simple present guns, present participle gunning, simple past and past participle gunned)

  1. (with “down”) To shoot someone or something, usually with a firearm.
    He gunned down the hitmen.
    The CEO gunned down that idea before we could present it to the board.
  2. To speed something up.
    He gunned the engine.
  3. To offer vigorous support to a person or cause.
    He’s gunning for you.
  4. To seek to attack someone; to take aim at someone.
    He's been gunning for you ever since you embarrassed him at the party.
  5. To practice fowling or hunting small game; chiefly in participial form: to go gunning.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From gunna, from gonna, from going to

Verb

gun

  1. Eye dialect spelling of going to.
    I'm gun go get da gun from da closet.

Anagrams

References

  1. 1 2 JP 1-02. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, 8 November 2010 (As Amended Through 15 March 2012), p.142. (Searchable online version)

Cornish

Noun

gun f (plural gonyow)

  1. plain

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɣʏn/

Verb

gun

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gunnen
  2. imperative of gunnen

Japanese

Romanization

gun

  1. rōmaji reading of ぐん

Kurdish

Noun

gun m

  1. testicle, ball, bollock, egg, nut, orchis, testis

Lojban

Rafsi

gun

  1. rafsi of gunka.

Mandarin

Romanization

gun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of gūn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of gǔn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of gùn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Manx

Noun

gun m (genitive singular gunney, plural gunnaghyn)

  1. Alternative form of gunn

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology 1

From Old Irish co.

Alternative forms

Conjunction

gun

  1. that
    an t-amadan sin gun do thagh thu - That fool that you voted for
    am fear gum pòs aig an deireadh na mìosa - that man that will marry at the end of the month
    an taigh gu bheil aice - that house that she has

Etymology 2

From Old Irish cen.

Preposition

gun

  1. without
    gun teagamh - without a doubt
Synonyms