Webster 1913 Edition
The evolution of light and heat in the combustion of bodies; combustion; state of ignition.
☞ The form of fire exhibited in the combustion of gases in an ascending stream or current is called flame. Anciently, fire, air, earth, and water were regarded as the four elements of which all things are composed.
Fuel in a state of combustion, as on a hearth, or in a stove or a furnace.
The burning of a house or town; a conflagration.
Anything which destroys or affects like fire.
Ardor of passion, whether love or hate; excessive warmth; consuming violence of temper.
firein his temper.
Liveliness of imagination or fancy; intellectual and moral enthusiasm; capacity for ardor and zeal.
And bless their critic with a poet’s
Splendor; brilliancy; luster; hence, a star.
Stars, hide your
As in a zodiac
representing the heavenly
representing the heavenly
Torture by burning; severe trial or affliction.
The discharge of firearms; firing;
as, the troops were exposed to a heavy.
compositions of various combustible substances, as sulphur, niter, lampblack, etc., the flames of which are colored by various metallic salts, as those of antimony, strontium, barium, etc.–
A signal given on the breaking out of a fire.
An apparatus for giving such an alarm.–
a machine, device, or preparation to be kept at hand for extinguishing fire by smothering it with some incombustible vapor or gas, as carbonic acid.–
A balloon raised in the air by the buoyancy of air heated by a fire placed in the lower part.
A balloon sent up at night with fireworks which ignite at a regulated height.
a grate bar.–
a portable grate; a cresset.
See in the Vocabulary.–
a disease of plants which causes them to appear as if burnt by fire.–
the chamber of a furnace, steam boiler, etc., for the fire.–
a refractory brick, capable of sustaining intense heat without fusion, usually made of fire clay or of siliceous material, with some cementing substance, and used for lining fire boxes, etc.–
an organized body of men for extinguished fires.–
an incendiary; one who, from malice or through mania, persistently sets fire to property; a pyromaniac.
a company of men managing an engine in extinguishing fires.–
Firedog, in the Vocabulary.
A series of evolutions performed by fireman for practice.
An apparatus for producing fire by friction, by rapidly twirling a wooden pin in a wooden socket; – used by the Hindoos during all historic time, and by many savage peoples.–
A juggler who pretends to eat fire.
A quarrelsome person who seeks affrays; a hotspur.
a portable forcing pump, usually on wheels, for throwing water to extinguish fire.–
a contrivance for facilitating escape from burning buildings.–
a mode of gilding with an amalgam of gold and quicksilver, the latter metal being driven off afterward by heat.–
gold laid on by the process of fire gilding.–
the act or system of insuring against fire; also, a contract by which an insurance company undertakes, in consideration of the payment of a premium or small percentage – usually made periodically – to indemnify an owner of property from loss by fire during a specified period.–
utensils for a fireplace or grate, as tongs, poker, and shovel.–
a pipe for water, to be used in putting out fire.–
an artillery officer who formerly supervised the composition of fireworks.–
an office at which to effect insurance against fire.–
a variety of opal giving firelike reflections.–
an ancient mode of trial, in which the test was the ability of the accused to handle or tread upon red-hot irons.
a pan for holding or conveying fire, especially the receptacle for the priming of a gun.–
a plug or hydrant for drawing water from the main pipes in a street, building, etc., for extinguishing fires.–
the writing or instrument expressing the contract of insurance against loss by fire.–
A small earthen pot filled with combustibles, formerly used as a missile in war.
The cast iron vessel which holds the fuel or fire in a furnace.
A solderer's furnace.–
a raft laden with combustibles, used for setting fire to an enemy's ships.–
a peculiar beat of the drum to summon men to their quarters in case of fire.–
the process of softening or cracking the working face of a lode, to facilitate excavation, by exposing it to the action of fire; – now generally superseded by the use of explosives.
a vessel filled with combustibles, for setting fire to an enemy's ships.–
a shovel for taking up coals of fire.–
the stench from decomposing iron pyrites, caused by the formation of hydrogen sulfide.
the surfaces of a steam boiler which are exposed to the direct heat of the fuel and the products of combustion; heating surface.–
a swab saturated with water, for cooling a gun in action and clearing away particles of powder, etc.
in England, the fireman of a steam emgine.–
a strong alcoholic beverage; – so called by the American Indians.–
the worship of fire, which prevails chiefly in Persia, among the followers of–
Zoroaster, called Chebers, or Guebers, and among the Parsees of India.
burning; hence, ardent; passionate; eager; zealous.–
the rapid discharge of firearms in succession by a line of troops.–
St. Anthony's fire,
erysipelas; – an eruptive fever which St. Anthony was supposed to cure miraculously.
St. Elmo's fire.
To set on fire,
to inflame; to kindle.–
To take fire,
to begin to burn; to fly into a passion.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To set on fire; to kindle;
firea house or chimney; to
To subject to intense heat; to bake; to burn in a kiln;
To inflame; to irritate, as the passions;
firethe soul with anger, pride, or revenge
To animate; to give life or spirit to;
firethe genius of a young man
To feed or serve the fire of;
To light up as if by fire; to illuminate.
firesthe proud tops of the eastern pines.
To cause to explode;
as, to; to disharge;
firea rifle, pistol, or cannon; to
firecannon balls, rockets, etc.
To drive by fire.
Till my bad angel
firemy good one out.
To take fire; to be kindled; to kindle.
To be irritated or inflamed with passion.
To discharge artillery or firearms;
firedon the town
To fire up,
to grow irritated or angry.“He . . . fired up, and stood vigorously on his defense.”
Webster 1828 Edition
1.Heat and light emanating visibly, perceptibly and simultaneously from any body; caloric; the unknown cause of the sensation of heat and of the retrocession of the homogeneous particles of bodies from one another, producing expansion, and thus enlarging all their dimensions; one of the causes of magnetism, as evinced by Dr. Hare's calorimotor.
In the popular acceptation of the word, fire is the effect of combustion. The combustible body ignited or heated to redness we call fire; and when ascending in a stream or body, we call it flame. A piece of charcoal in combustion, is of a red color and very hot. In this state it is said to be on fire, or to contain fire. When combustion ceases, it loses its redness and extreme heat, and we say, the fire is extinct.
2.The burning of fuel on a hearth, or in any other place. We kindle a fire in the morning, and at night we rake up the fire. Anthracite will maintain fire during the night.
3.The burning of a house or town; a conflagration. Newburyport and Savannah have suffered immense losses by fire. The great fire in Boston in 1711 consumed a large part of the town.
4.Light; luster; splendor.
Stars, hide your fires!
5.Torture by burning.
6.The instrument of punishment; or the punishment of the impenitent in another state.
Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? Is. 33.
7.That which inflames or irritates the passions.
What fire is in my ears?
8.Ardor of temper; violence of passion.
He had fire in his temper.
9.Liveliness of imagination; vigor of fancy; intellectual activity; animation; force of sentiment or expression.
And warm the critic with a poet's fire.
10.The passion of love; ardent affection.
The God of love retires; dim are his torches, and extinct his fires.
11.Ardor; heat; as the fire of zeal or of love.
12.Combustion; tumult; rage; contention.
When thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burnt. Is. 43.
To set on fire, to kindle; to inflame; to excite violent action.
St. Anthony's fire, a disease marked by an eruption on the skin, or a diffused inflammation, with fever; the Erysipelas.
Wild fire, an artificial or factitious fire, which burns even under water. it is made by a composition of sulphur, naphtha, pitch, gum and bitumen. It is called also Greek fire.
1.To set on fire; to kindle; as, to fire a house or chimney; to fire a pile.
2.To inflame; to irritate the passions; as, to fire with anger or revenge.
3.To animate; to give life or spirit; as, to fire the genius.
4.To drive by fire. [Little used.]
5.To cause to explode; to discharge; as, to fire a musket or cannon.
6.To cauterize; a term in farriery.
1.To take fire; to be kindled.
2.To be irritated or inflamed with passion.
3.To discharge artillery or firearms. They fired on the town.